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Four Week Training Report 
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of 
Bachelor of Technology 
In 
Electronics and Communication Engineering 
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur 
Ambala 
Submitted By 
ABHISHEK K. UPADHYAY 
Univ. Roll no: 75113002 
Under Supervision of: 
Er. MANVIR (External, Trainer of company) 
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT 
MAHARISHI MARKANDESHWAR UNIVERSITY, SADOPUR, AMBALA
CERTIFICATE 
(Photocopy of Certificate given by company)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 
First of all I would like to thank almighty GOD who has given this wonderful gift of life 
to us. He is the one who is guiding us in right direction to follow noble path of humanity. 
In my Four weeks industrial training it is a wonderful experience to be a part of it where 
I have opportunity to work under brilliant minds. I owe my deep regards for the 
supporting and kind staff authorities who are helping me in my lean patches during these 
Four weeks. The knowledge I am gaining throughout my studies have the practical 
implementation during this period. I am grateful to all the staff of the company and for 
their timely support and sharing of their experience with me. I would like to express my 
heartiest concern for able guidance and for inspiring attitude, praiseworthy attitude and 
honest support.Last but not the least I would express my utmost regards for the 
Electronics and Communication Department of our Institute.
CONTENTS 
Certificate…………………………………………………………………………i 
Preface..…………………………………………………………………….. …….ii 
Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………. …….iii 
List of figures………………………………………………………………. …….iv 
List of tables………………………………………………………………... …….v 
1. INTRODUCTION TO PIC MICROCONTROLLERS 
1.1. Key Features Of PIC16F73……………………………………….. .1 
1.2. Pin Configuration…………………………………………………...2 
1.3. Block Diagram Of PIC16F73………………………………………3 
1.4. Introduction Of Timers……………………………………………..5 
1.4.1. Timer TMR0…………………………………………………..5 
1.4.2. Timer TMR1……………………………………………………7 
1.4.3. Timer TMR2……………………………………………………9 
1.5. Capture/Compare/PWM Mode……………………………………11 
1.6. Special Feature Of PIC16F73………………………………………13 
2. INTERFACING OF MICROCONTROLLERS 
2.1. Interfacing With Leds……………………………………………….14 
2.2. Interfacing With Seven Segment……………………………………15 
2.3. Interfacing With LCD………………………………………………18 
2.3.1. Pin Description of LCD………………………………………18 
2.3.2. LCD Initialization…………………………………………….18 
2.3.3. Algorithm To Send Data To LCD……………………………19
3. Project Description 
3.1. Power Supply……………………………………………………….20 
3.1.1. Transformer…………………………………………………...20 
3.1.2. Bridge Rectifier……………………………………………......21 
3.1.3. Capacitor………………………………………………………22 
3.1.4. Resistance ……………………………………………………..23 
3.1.5. Voltage regulator………………………………………………24 
3.1.6. Led……………………………………………………………25 
3.2. Power Supply Circuit………………………………………………..26 
3.3 Running Message Display on LCD……………………..27 
3.4 PIC microcontroller based Running Message Display on LCD….31 
3.5 Program…………………………………………………………….32
LIST OF FIGURES 
Fig 1.1 Key Feature of PIC16F73………………………………………………………………..1 
Fig. 1.2 INPUT/OUTPUT port………………………………………………………………………3 
Fig 1.3 PORTB & TRISB registers……………………………………………………………..4 
Fig 1.4 PORTC & TRISC register…………………………………………..4 
Fig.1.5 TIMERTMR0………………………………………………………6 
Fig 1.6 TIMER TMR 2……………………………………………………...10 
Fig 2.1 Seven Segment Conversion………………………………………....17 
Fig 2.2 Pin Description of LCD………………………………………….…18
LIST OF TABLES 
Table 1.1 Pin Configuration 2 
Table 1.2 Block Diagram of 16F73 3 
Table 2.1 Interfacing with LED’S 15 
Table 2.2 Common Anode & Common Cathode 15 
Table 2.3 Seven Segment Display 16 
Table 3.1 Transformer 20 
Table 3.2 Bridge Rectifier 21 
Table 3.3 Capacitor 22 
Table 3.4 Resistance 23 
Table 3.5 Voltage Regulator 24 
Table 3.6 LED 25 
Table 3.7 Power Supply Circuit 26 
Table 3.8 Running Message Display on LCD Circuit Diagram 27 
Table 3.9 Crystal Oscillator 28 
Table 3.10 PIC16F73 29 
Table 3.11 LCD Display 30 
Table 3.12 Running Message Display on LCD Project Diagram 31

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mmu

  • 1. Four Week Training Report Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology In Electronics and Communication Engineering Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Sadopur Ambala Submitted By ABHISHEK K. UPADHYAY Univ. Roll no: 75113002 Under Supervision of: Er. MANVIR (External, Trainer of company) ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT MAHARISHI MARKANDESHWAR UNIVERSITY, SADOPUR, AMBALA
  • 2. CERTIFICATE (Photocopy of Certificate given by company)
  • 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all I would like to thank almighty GOD who has given this wonderful gift of life to us. He is the one who is guiding us in right direction to follow noble path of humanity. In my Four weeks industrial training it is a wonderful experience to be a part of it where I have opportunity to work under brilliant minds. I owe my deep regards for the supporting and kind staff authorities who are helping me in my lean patches during these Four weeks. The knowledge I am gaining throughout my studies have the practical implementation during this period. I am grateful to all the staff of the company and for their timely support and sharing of their experience with me. I would like to express my heartiest concern for able guidance and for inspiring attitude, praiseworthy attitude and honest support.Last but not the least I would express my utmost regards for the Electronics and Communication Department of our Institute.
  • 4. CONTENTS Certificate…………………………………………………………………………i Preface..…………………………………………………………………….. …….ii Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………. …….iii List of figures………………………………………………………………. …….iv List of tables………………………………………………………………... …….v 1. INTRODUCTION TO PIC MICROCONTROLLERS 1.1. Key Features Of PIC16F73……………………………………….. .1 1.2. Pin Configuration…………………………………………………...2 1.3. Block Diagram Of PIC16F73………………………………………3 1.4. Introduction Of Timers……………………………………………..5 1.4.1. Timer TMR0…………………………………………………..5 1.4.2. Timer TMR1……………………………………………………7 1.4.3. Timer TMR2……………………………………………………9 1.5. Capture/Compare/PWM Mode……………………………………11 1.6. Special Feature Of PIC16F73………………………………………13 2. INTERFACING OF MICROCONTROLLERS 2.1. Interfacing With Leds……………………………………………….14 2.2. Interfacing With Seven Segment……………………………………15 2.3. Interfacing With LCD………………………………………………18 2.3.1. Pin Description of LCD………………………………………18 2.3.2. LCD Initialization…………………………………………….18 2.3.3. Algorithm To Send Data To LCD……………………………19
  • 5. 3. Project Description 3.1. Power Supply……………………………………………………….20 3.1.1. Transformer…………………………………………………...20 3.1.2. Bridge Rectifier……………………………………………......21 3.1.3. Capacitor………………………………………………………22 3.1.4. Resistance ……………………………………………………..23 3.1.5. Voltage regulator………………………………………………24 3.1.6. Led……………………………………………………………25 3.2. Power Supply Circuit………………………………………………..26 3.3 Running Message Display on LCD……………………..27 3.4 PIC microcontroller based Running Message Display on LCD….31 3.5 Program…………………………………………………………….32
  • 6. LIST OF FIGURES Fig 1.1 Key Feature of PIC16F73………………………………………………………………..1 Fig. 1.2 INPUT/OUTPUT port………………………………………………………………………3 Fig 1.3 PORTB & TRISB registers……………………………………………………………..4 Fig 1.4 PORTC & TRISC register…………………………………………..4 Fig.1.5 TIMERTMR0………………………………………………………6 Fig 1.6 TIMER TMR 2……………………………………………………...10 Fig 2.1 Seven Segment Conversion………………………………………....17 Fig 2.2 Pin Description of LCD………………………………………….…18
  • 7. LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1 Pin Configuration 2 Table 1.2 Block Diagram of 16F73 3 Table 2.1 Interfacing with LED’S 15 Table 2.2 Common Anode & Common Cathode 15 Table 2.3 Seven Segment Display 16 Table 3.1 Transformer 20 Table 3.2 Bridge Rectifier 21 Table 3.3 Capacitor 22 Table 3.4 Resistance 23 Table 3.5 Voltage Regulator 24 Table 3.6 LED 25 Table 3.7 Power Supply Circuit 26 Table 3.8 Running Message Display on LCD Circuit Diagram 27 Table 3.9 Crystal Oscillator 28 Table 3.10 PIC16F73 29 Table 3.11 LCD Display 30 Table 3.12 Running Message Display on LCD Project Diagram 31