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Frame, Build, Measure, Learn:

Responding to Change"
Zach Nies – Chief Technologist!

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Zach Nies
Chief Technologist
Rally Software

Faculty
University of Colorado at Boulder

@zachnies
www.rallydev.com

@zachn...
The biggest risk
you face

is changing"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Risk:

failing to respond
to market shifts"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
ANOTHER RISK…?

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
An example…"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Local consumer
data company"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
90%

We have 80%
market share"

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2 201...
90%

We need

a mobile app"

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2 2012

...
90%

Mobile app
specification
begins"

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

...
90%

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

Startup
competitor
ships 1.0"

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2...
90%

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

Startup
competitor
ships 1.1"

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2...
90%

App

defined



Dev

begins"

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2 2...
90%

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

Startup
competitor
ships 1.2"

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2...
90%

Mobile app ships"

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Q3 2011

Q4 2011

Q1 2012

Q2 2012

Q3 20...
90%

80%

70%

Market Share

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

We forever
lost half our
market share
in one year"

0%
Q3 2011
...
Gut wrenching"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
What’s

going on here?"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Time needed

to change

market expectations"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Some examples…"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
1984!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2006!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
About 20 years!

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2007!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2010!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
3 years!

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2010!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2012!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2 years!

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
1979!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
1989!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
10 years!

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
5 years!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
2.5 years!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
1.5 years!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://hbr.org/2013/03/big-bang-disruption/
Huge market shifts
can happen

in a year"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Are you

Agile enough

to balance"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
operating the business

and

responding to change?"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Typical approach"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Create a plan to
predict the future"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/isaacmao/380257543
Market research"
Product definition"
Product requirements"
Detailed plan"
Alpha release"
Beta release"
Final release"

FIRS...
Market research"
Project definition"
Product requirements"
Detailed plan"
Alpha release"
Beta release"
Final release"
FIRST...
Market research"
Project definition"
Project requirements"
Detailed plan"
Alpha release"
Beta release"
Final release"

FIRS...
Market research"
Project definition"
Project requirements"
Detailed plan"
Alpha release"
Beta release"
Final release"

FIRS...
Market research"
Project definition"
Project requirements"
Detailed plan"
Development"
"
Final release"

FIRST CONTACT WITH...
Market research"
Project definition"
Project requirements"
Detailed plan"
Development"
User acceptance testing"
"

FIRST CO...
Market research"
Project definition"
Project requirements"
Detailed plan"
Development"
User acceptance testing"
Final relea...
HOW MANY
GUESSES?"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
FIRST CONTACT
WITH USERS"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/oregondot/4132135156
Obscure

the uncertainty

with details of a
false precision"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Embrace, reveal
and mitigate

the uncertainty"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Why does this

feel unnatural?"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
“the greatest prosperity
can exist only when that
individual has reached
his highest state of
efficiency; that is, when
he ...
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Assumes:

Certainty is high"



Goal: 

Maximize individual
efficiency"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
100 years later"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Status Quo

Budgets"
"
Comprehensive

Analysis"
"
Detailed

Plans"
"
Waterfall

Execution"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©...
Works when:"

"
Certainty is high"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Is your business
getting

more certain?"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Agile Execution



Lean Thinking"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Balance

execution and
exploration"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Assumes:

Uncertainty exists"
"
Goal:

Maximize value
delivery"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Adaptive

Steering"
"
Disciplined

Exploration"
"
Empirical

Learning"
"
Agile

Execution"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©...
Adaptive

Steering"
"
Disciplined

Exploration"
"
Empirical

Learning"
"
Agile

Execution"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©...
Turn Uncertainty"

Into Knowledge"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/memekiller/4564410767
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Business"
"
"
"
Initiative"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Assumptions

Canvas Name:
Key Assumption

Reminders will
help gift givers

Dependent Assumptions

Key Assumption

Suggesti...
Key assumptions"

Knowledge"
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Run experiments"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Frame"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Build"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Scrum Machine
Daily
Scrum
Product Backlog
Refinement
Sprint
Planning

Sprint
1-2 Weeks
Burndown
Chart

Product
Backlog
www...
Measure"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Collect"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4977025601
Analyze"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4992505907
Organize"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4992505641
Learn"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
25%
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
25%
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

55%
©2014!
Empirical Learning"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Advice

from a master…"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

http://www.richard-feynman.net/gallery.htm

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
One last thing to
keep in mind"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Technology adoption
is a human
phenomenon "

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
An example…"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Need an Agile and
human centered
approach!
www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
Balance execution
and exploration"

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
LEARN MORE…
rallydev.com/els
rallydev.com/frame

www.rallydev.com

@zachnies!

©2014!
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Frame, Build, Measure, Learn: Responding to Change

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The key to running effective experiments is to first frame the experiment thoughtfully. This takes time, but the investment pays off many-fold. This presentation will guide you through the key steps of framing, which, when done properly, reward your brain–and your organization–with learning.

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Transcript of "Frame, Build, Measure, Learn: Responding to Change"

  1. 1. Frame, Build, Measure, Learn:
 Responding to Change" Zach Nies – Chief Technologist! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  2. 2. Zach Nies Chief Technologist Rally Software Faculty University of Colorado at Boulder @zachnies www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  3. 3. The biggest risk you face
 is changing" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  4. 4. Risk:
 failing to respond to market shifts" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  5. 5. ANOTHER RISK…? www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  6. 6. An example…" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  7. 7. Local consumer data company" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  8. 8. 90% We have 80% market share" 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  9. 9. 90% We need
 a mobile app" 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  10. 10. 90% Mobile app specification begins" 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  11. 11. 90% 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Startup competitor ships 1.0" 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  12. 12. 90% 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Startup competitor ships 1.1" 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  13. 13. 90% App
 defined
 
 Dev
 begins" 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  14. 14. 90% 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Startup competitor ships 1.2" 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  15. 15. 90% Mobile app ships" 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  16. 16. 90% 80% 70% Market Share 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% We forever lost half our market share in one year" 0% Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Desktop www.rallydev.com @zachnies! Q1 2013 Q2 2013 Q3 2013 Q4 2013 Q1 2014 Mobile ©2014!
  17. 17. Gut wrenching" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  18. 18. What’s
 going on here?" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  19. 19. Time needed
 to change
 market expectations" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  20. 20. Some examples…" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  21. 21. 1984! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  22. 22. 2006! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  23. 23. About 20 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  24. 24. 2007! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  25. 25. 2010! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  26. 26. 3 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  27. 27. 2010! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  28. 28. 2012! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  29. 29. 2 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  30. 30. 1979! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  31. 31. 1989! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  32. 32. 10 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  33. 33. 5 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  34. 34. 2.5 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  35. 35. 1.5 years! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  36. 36. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://hbr.org/2013/03/big-bang-disruption/
  37. 37. Huge market shifts can happen
 in a year" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  38. 38. Are you
 Agile enough
 to balance" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  39. 39. operating the business
 and
 responding to change?" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  40. 40. Typical approach" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  41. 41. Create a plan to predict the future" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/isaacmao/380257543
  42. 42. Market research" Product definition" Product requirements" Detailed plan" Alpha release" Beta release" Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  43. 43. Market research" Project definition" Product requirements" Detailed plan" Alpha release" Beta release" Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  44. 44. Market research" Project definition" Project requirements" Detailed plan" Alpha release" Beta release" Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  45. 45. Market research" Project definition" Project requirements" Detailed plan" Alpha release" Beta release" Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  46. 46. Market research" Project definition" Project requirements" Detailed plan" Development" " Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  47. 47. Market research" Project definition" Project requirements" Detailed plan" Development" User acceptance testing" " FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  48. 48. Market research" Project definition" Project requirements" Detailed plan" Development" User acceptance testing" Final release" FIRST CONTACT WITH CUSTOMERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  49. 49. HOW MANY GUESSES?" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  50. 50. FIRST CONTACT WITH USERS" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  51. 51. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  52. 52. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  53. 53. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/oregondot/4132135156
  54. 54. Obscure
 the uncertainty
 with details of a false precision" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  55. 55. Embrace, reveal and mitigate
 the uncertainty" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  56. 56. Why does this
 feel unnatural?" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  57. 57. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  58. 58. “the greatest prosperity can exist only when that individual has reached his highest state of efficiency; that is, when he is turning out his largest daily output.”" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  59. 59. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  60. 60. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  61. 61. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  62. 62. Assumes:
 Certainty is high" 
 Goal: 
 Maximize individual efficiency" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  63. 63. 100 years later" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  64. 64. Status Quo
 Budgets" " Comprehensive
 Analysis" " Detailed
 Plans" " Waterfall
 Execution" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  65. 65. Works when:" " Certainty is high" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  66. 66. Is your business getting
 more certain?" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  67. 67. Agile Execution
 
 Lean Thinking" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  68. 68. Balance
 execution and exploration" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  69. 69. Assumes:
 Uncertainty exists" " Goal:
 Maximize value delivery" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  70. 70. Adaptive
 Steering" " Disciplined
 Exploration" " Empirical
 Learning" " Agile
 Execution" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  71. 71. Adaptive
 Steering" " Disciplined
 Exploration" " Empirical
 Learning" " Agile
 Execution" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  72. 72. Turn Uncertainty" Into Knowledge" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  73. 73. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/memekiller/4564410767
  74. 74. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  75. 75. Business" " " " Initiative" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  76. 76. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  77. 77. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  78. 78. Assumptions Canvas Name: Key Assumption Reminders will help gift givers Dependent Assumptions Key Assumption Suggestions will motivate givers Dependent Assumptions We know when We can give giving events reasonable will happen suggestions Text messages are acceptable reminders We can send timely text messages We can get receiver preference data Date: Key Assumption Falsified Assumptions We can make money through partner referrals Dependent Assumptions Partners want referral leads We can get Other Assumptions Other Assumptions Facebook adds Recipients will drive want gifts on traffic time A mobile first enough parter product inventory strategy Our leads will buy gifts I-1 www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  79. 79. Key assumptions" Knowledge" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  80. 80. Run experiments" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  81. 81. Frame" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  82. 82. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  83. 83. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  84. 84. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  85. 85. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  86. 86. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  87. 87. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  88. 88. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  89. 89. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  90. 90. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  91. 91. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  92. 92. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  93. 93. Build" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  94. 94. Scrum Machine Daily Scrum Product Backlog Refinement Sprint Planning Sprint 1-2 Weeks Burndown Chart Product Backlog www.rallydev.com Sprint Backlog @zachnies! Sprint Demo & Review Sprint Retrospective Product Increment ©2014!
  95. 95. Measure" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  96. 96. Collect" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4977025601
  97. 97. Analyze" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4992505907
  98. 98. Organize" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014! http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpetersononline/4992505641
  99. 99. Learn" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  100. 100. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  101. 101. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  102. 102. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  103. 103. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  104. 104. 25% www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  105. 105. 25% www.rallydev.com @zachnies! 55% ©2014!
  106. 106. Empirical Learning" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  107. 107. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  108. 108. Advice
 from a master…" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  109. 109. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! http://www.richard-feynman.net/gallery.htm ©2014!
  110. 110. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  111. 111. One last thing to keep in mind" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  112. 112. Technology adoption is a human phenomenon " www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  113. 113. An example…" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  114. 114. www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  115. 115. Need an Agile and human centered approach! www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  116. 116. Balance execution and exploration" www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!
  117. 117. LEARN MORE… rallydev.com/els rallydev.com/frame www.rallydev.com @zachnies! ©2014!

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