The 1989 'Quebec' Blackout Made by 'Discovery' group
<ul><li>The geomagnetic storm causing this event was itself the result coronal mass ejection or a CME on March 9, 1989. Th...
<ul><li>As this occurred during the Cold War, many worried that a nuclear strike might be in progress. Others considered t...
<ul><li>The burst caused short-wave radio interference, including the disruption of radio signals from Radio Free Europe i...
<ul><li>As midnight came and went invisible electromagnetic forces were staging their own pitched battle in a vast arena b...
<ul><li>Some satellites in polar orbits lost control for several hours. GOES weather satellite communications were interru...
<ul><li>The variations in the earth’s magnetic field also tripped circuit breakers on Hydro-Quebec’s power grid. The utili...
<ul><li>The James Bay network went offline in less than 90 seconds, giving Quebec its second massive blackout in 11 months...
<ul><li>In August 1989, another storm caused a halt of all trading on Toronto’s Stock Market. Since 1995, geomagnetic stor...
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The 1989 quebec blackout dps

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The 1989 quebec blackout dps

  1. 1. The 1989 'Quebec' Blackout Made by 'Discovery' group
  2. 2. <ul><li>The geomagnetic storm causing this event was itself the result coronal mass ejection or a CME on March 9, 1989. Three and the half days later, at 2:44 A.M. March 13, 1989, a severe geomagnetic storm struck Earth. The storm began on Earth with extremely intense auroras on the poles. The auroras could be seen as far as Texas. </li></ul>Geomagnetic storm and auroras
  3. 3. <ul><li>As this occurred during the Cold War, many worried that a nuclear strike might be in progress. Others considered the intense auroras to be associated with the space shuttle mission STS-29, which had been launched on March 13 at 9:57 A.M. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The burst caused short-wave radio interference, including the disruption of radio signals from Radio Free Europe into Russia. It was initially believed that the signals had been jammed by the Soviet Government. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>As midnight came and went invisible electromagnetic forces were staging their own pitched battle in a vast arena bounded by the sky above and the rocky subterranean reaches of the Earth. A river of charged particles and electrons in the ionosphere flowed from west to east, inducing powerful electrical currents in the ground that surged into many natural nooks and crannies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Some satellites in polar orbits lost control for several hours. GOES weather satellite communications were interrupted causing weather images to be lost. NASA’s TDRS-1 communication satellite recorded over 250 anomalies caused by the increased particles flowing into its sensitive electronics. The Space Shuttle Discovery was having its own problems. A sensor on one of the tanks supplying hydrogen to a fuel cell was showing unusually high pressure reading on March 13. The problem went away after the solar storm subsided. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The variations in the earth’s magnetic field also tripped circuit breakers on Hydro-Quebec’s power grid. The utility’s very long transmission lines and the fact that most of Quebec sits on a large rock shield prevented current flowing through the earth, finding a less resistant path along the 735kV power lines. </li></ul>Quebec Blackout
  8. 8. <ul><li>The James Bay network went offline in less than 90 seconds, giving Quebec its second massive blackout in 11 months. The power failure lasted for 9 hours and forced the company to implement various mitigation strategies, including raising the trip level, installing series compensation on ultra high voltage lines and upgrading various monitoring and operational procedures. Other utilities in North America, the UK, Northern Europe and elsewhere implemented programs to reduce the risks associated with geomagnetically induced currents. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In August 1989, another storm caused a halt of all trading on Toronto’s Stock Market. Since 1995, geomagnetic storms and solar flares have been monitored from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) satellite, a joint project of NASA and the European Space Agency. </li></ul>Aftermath

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