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[Slideshare]avoiding linguistic pitfalls.

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CLARIFICATION: …

CLARIFICATION:

Understanding the Qur'anic methodology.

Clarifying confusion cause by attempts of those who raise the 'fitnah' regarding Islamic Theology - quoting but yet misinterpreting Qur'anic verses.

Explanation against those misinterpreting the MUTASHABIHAT 'allegorical' verses, insisting that their meaning to be in the literal sense by forbidding TA''WIL.

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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  • 1. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “ BETWEEN THE CLEAR AND THE AMBIGUOUS” “ UNDERSTANDING AL-QUR’AN”
  • 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • There are some people who tries to ‘attack’ Islam by misreading the Qur’an and Ahadith ; quoting words out of context; applying their own interpretations (or rather misinterpretations) to some of the words pertaining to the attributes of Allah; accusing Muslims of anthropomorphism , etc.
  • 3. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Allah in the Qur’an has already warned of this and thus provided the guideline regarding its interpretation, which all traditional Islamic scholars have applied since the time of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.
    • Muslims must be informed of this.
  • 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL.
  • 6. “ He it is Who has sent down to thee the Book: in it are AAYAT MU H KAMAT - verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning); they are the foundation of the Book: others are AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT – verses not of well-established meaning. But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning ( AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation...” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 7. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 8. “ ... but no one knows its true meanings except Allah * , and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 )
    • Some Islamic scholars opine that this phrase ends here * – therefore
    • they contend that nobody else knows the interpretation ( TA’WIL ) of the MUTASHABIHAT verses except Allah alone.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 9. “ ... but no one knows its true meanings except Allah * , and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord"; and none will grasp the Message except men of understanding.” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 )
    • While many others differ from this view and contend that knowledge of TA’WIL is also known by “those firmly grounded in knowledge “ - e.g. Companion Ibnu Abbas r.a. whom the Prophet s.a.w. approved of and make Du’a for it to be given to him by Allah SWT.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Whoever claims that Allah is in something or on something or from something, commits the “ SHIRK .” Because if He was in something, He would be contained, and if He was on something, He would be carried, and if H e was from something, He would be a creature (creation)." * Regarded by the SHI’ITE MADZHAB as their sixth Imam, he was also the teacher to many Imams of AHLUS-SUNNAH like Abu Hanifa, Malik, etc.
  • 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 (In agreement to this) Imam Abu Ja’far At-Tahaawiy rh.m. said: "Whoever attributes to Allah the meanings with (same) meanings as the attributes of humans, commits blasphemy ( KUFR ).“ ( Quote from “Aqeedatut-Tahaawiyyah” )
  • 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • They are those NEO-SALAFIS * who insist that Allah, literally, is in a place i.e. the heaven (sky), as in a verse:
    * True SALAFIS are only those of the SAHABI , TABI-’IN and TABI’-TA-BI-’IN period.
  • 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • They are those NEO-SALAFIS * who insist that Allah, literally, is in a place i.e. the heaven (sky), as in a verse:
    “ Do ye feel secure that He Who is in heaven ( FIS-SAMAA’ ) will not cause you to be swallowed up by the earth when it shakes (as in an earthquake)?” ( Qur’an: Mulk: 67: 16 ) * True SALAFIS are only those of the SAHABI , TABI-’IN and TABI’-TA-BI-’IN period.
  • 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Yet they adamantly insist that they are being true to the Salafus-Sole h een , whereas their argument in fact, indicate insistence to defend a literal interpretation (anthropomorphic) by always quoting many of these mutashaabihat ayat while preventing (condemning) any one who tries to offer a clear and correct interpretation ( TA’WIL ) consistent with aayat Mu h kamat (which is as explained and commanded by Allah).
  • 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Yet they adamantly insist that they are being true to the Salafus-Sole h een , whereas their argument in fact, indicate insistence to defend a literal interpretation (anthropomorphic) by always quoting many of these mutashaabihat ayat while preventing (condemning) any one who tries to offer a clear and correct interpretation ( TA’WIL ) consistent with aayat Mu h kamat (which is as explained and commanded by Allah).
  • 16. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Some SALAF who did not apply TA’WIL , like Imam Malik r.a. yet in actual fact they “ forbade ” people from ever applying “ any literal meanings ” to these verses.
  • 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Some SALAF who did not apply TA’WIL , like Imam Malik r.a. yet in actual fact they “ forbade ” people from ever applying “ any literal meanings ” to these verses.
    • Their stand was as Imam Shafi-’ie r.a. said:
  • 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • Some SALAF who did not apply TA’WIL , like Imam Malik r.a. yet in actual fact they “ forbade ” people from ever applying “ any literal meanings ” to these verses.
    • Their stand is as Imam Shafi-’ie r.a. said:
    "I believe in what Allah revealed according to the meaning that Allah willed, and in what the Messenger of Allah conveyed according to the meaning that the Messenger of Allah willed."
  • 19. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • The statement is to warn others from tampering or changing the words as used by Allah or His Prophet.
  • 20. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • The statement is to warn others from tampering or changing the words as used by Allah or His Prophet.
    • At the time, there was the danger of TAHRIF (possibility of interpolation to the text of revelation).
  • 21. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • The statement is to warn others from tampering or changing the words as used by Allah or His Prophet.
    • At the time, there was the danger of TAHRIF (possibility of interpolation to the text of revelation).
    • Many of our SALAF simply accept it as ‘allegorical’ or metaphorical (figure of speech) of which the meaning is not to be understood in their literal sense.
  • 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • The proper meanings are not literal according to the sensuous and physical meanings, such as ascribing places, shapes, limbs, movements, sitting, colours, directions, smiling, laughing, or any other meanings which are not permissible to be attributed to Allah.
  • 23. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • The proper meanings are not literal according to the sensuous and physical meanings, such as ascribing places, shapes, limbs, movements, sitting, colours, directions, smiling, laughing, or any other meanings which are not permissible to be attributed to Allah.
    • In the KHALAF period, the danger is the ignorant people interpreting the meaning literally. Thus the necessity for TA’WIL to ensure correct understanding.
  • 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • But these NEO-SALAFIS twisted this into a blatant lie as though implying that – not even a single scholars amongst the pious predecessors ( SALAFUS-SOLI H EEN ) of the three generations has ever applied any TA’WIL (interpretation) upon these aayat Mutashaabihat .
  • 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    • But these NEO-SALAFIS twisted this into a blatant lie as though implying that – not even a single scholars amongst the pious predecessors (SALAFUS-SOLI H EEN) of the three generations has ever applied any TA’WIL (interpretation) upon these aayat Mutashaabihat.
    • In fact, there were many SALAF who applied TA’WIL , which is even approved by the Prophet s.a.a.w.
  • 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. made this Du’a for Ibnu Abbas. r.a. “ O Allah! Teach him the Wisdom (knowledge of Sunnah) and TA’WIL (interpretation) of the Book.” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary, Ibnu Majah and others )
  • 27. Ibn ‘Abbas, Sufyan ath­Thaury, Mujaahid, Sa’ i d Ibn Jubayr, Malik, Ahmad, al­Bukhary, an-Nawawy, Ibn Rajab al­Hanbaly, Ibnul-Jawziyy, Ibn Hajar, al­Bayhaqy, Abu Fadl at-Tamimy, ‘Abdul-Qahir al-Baghdady , And even the famous linguist and scholar of Hadith, Murtada az-Zabidiyy , and others. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning ( MUTASHAABIHAT ), seeking discord ( FITNAH )” ( Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 )
  • 29.
    • The Arabic word “ ISTAWA ” literally means “sit” or “establish”, but can also be used as a figure of speech, in a metaphorical or allegorical sense – which is what Allah clearly referred to them as AAYAT MUTASHAABIHAT . ( ref: Q: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 7 )
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ (Allah) Most Gracious is firmly established ( ISTAWA ) on the Throne (of authority).” ( Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 5 )
  • 30.
    • Their meanings must be referred to and consistent with the Foundation of the Book, the clear verses termed AAYAT MU H KAMAT .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ (Allah) Most Gracious is firmly established ( ISTAWA ) on the Throne (of authority).” ( Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 5 )
  • 31.
    • Therefore correct way of explaining the MUTASHAABIHAT aayat in the Qur‘an is to say one believes in them according to the meaning that Allah willed it, without saying what that meaning is; and without a 'how,' i.e., without attributing to Allah ‘sitting, standing, occupying places, sensuous attributes’, or any of the meanings that apply to humans and other creations.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ (Allah) Most Gracious is firmly established ( ISTAWA ) on the Throne (of authority).” ( Qur’an: Ta Ha: 20: 5 )
  • 32. “ ISTAWA ” (Establishment) is known; the ‘how’ of it is unknown; belief in it is obligatory, and the questioning about it is (reprehensible) innovation – BID’AH .” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 33.
    • The NEO-SALAFIS often use this statement to accuse (or insinuate) the traditional Islamic scholars today who accepts and apply TA’WIL , as committing BID’AH .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 34.
    • The NEO-SALAFIS often use this statement to accuse (or insinuate) the traditional Islamic scholars today who accepts and apply TA’WIL , as committing BID’AH.
    • This is malicious because actually the BID’AH is when ordinary people began to ‘question’ the apparent anthropomorphic implication of these verses.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 35.
    • Our traditional scholars are only responding to this BID’AH by ensuring that such misinterpretation is avoided. While those NEO-SALAFIS who allow such ‘misinterpretation’ to these “ MUTASHAABIHAT ” verses to persist by not giving the correct TA’WIL (some even preventing others from giving it), are being irresponsible and indeed, condoning the BID’AH .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 36.
    • Our traditional scholars are only responding to this BID’AH by ensuring that such misinterpretation is avoided. While those NEO-SALAFIS who allow such ‘misinterpretation’ to these “ MUTASHAABIHAT ” verses to persist by not giving the correct TA’WIL (some even preventing others from giving it), are being irresponsible and indeed, condoning the BID’AH .
    • WaAllaahu a’-lam
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  • 37. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 “ Glory to thy Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”
  • 38. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010

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