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““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ai...
(The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE H...
““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, itArabic proper noun; name for God, itrefers to the One and Only, the ...
““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaningArabic name meaning““the Praised Onethe Praised One”; he is t...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Isl...
THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF AL...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSI...
““O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey theO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey theMessenger and those charged with autho...
““If anyone contends with the MessengerIf anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance haseven after guidance ha...
All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community),...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
““TheThe FUQAHAFUQAHA (Muslim jurists-scholars) are the trustees(Muslim jurists-scholars) are the trustees((UMANAA-UUMANAA...
””Verily this is knowledge (contains theVerily this is knowledge (contains therules) of the DEEN (Religion), so lookrules)...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
””The similitude of those who were charged with theThe similitude of those who were charged with the(obligations of the) M...
We are warned here, that there may be people who claim to beingWe are warned here, that there may be people who claim to b...
Muslims have to be carefulMuslims have to be careful, as some of them may have already been, as some of them may have alre...
They are confused because they could not differentiate “the religionThey are confused because they could not differentiate...
Therefore thisTherefore this DEENDEEN is the “is the “AbsoluteAbsolute” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and” as Allah s.w.t. ...
Their twisted logic is :Their twisted logic is :““since Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannot...
““KAAFFAHKAAFFAH” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc...
It’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfectedIt’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected((KA...
They purport : “They purport : “that since Muslim’s understanding of Islam isthat since Muslim’s understanding of Islam is...
The core-fundamental teachings of “The core-fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM” have been” have been...
Each era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholarsEach era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scho...
““Evolving into following error and deviancyEvolving into following error and deviancy” can never be good. And” can never ...
In fact after the best three generation (In fact after the best three generation (SALAFUS-SOLISALAFUS-SOLIHHEENEEN), accre...
These ‘These ‘academicianacademicianss’ would not admit that their methodology –’ would not admit that their methodology –...
AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. ...
Lest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for theLest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing ch...
““Do they seek for other than theDo they seek for other than the Religion of AllahReligion of Allah?―While all?―While allc...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), andstand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thoutheir vain...
The word “The word “IslamIslam” - literally means “” - literally means “surrendersurrender;;submissionsubmission”. When ad...
So “So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s willhow does one begin to submit to Allah’s will ”?”?This was succinctly e...
Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] T...
As ‘As ‘belief or convictionbelief or conviction’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need’ resides in a person’s hear...
For to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence withFor to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the...
As these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemnAs these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a ...
Thus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational andThus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational...
““There is no god but He: that isThere is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah Histhe witness of Allah Hisangels an...
Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] T...
Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] T...
THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAG...
““declaration; make manifest; witness;declaration; make manifest; witness;testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest;te...
ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAHASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAHI bear witness, that there is no god except Alla...
WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADARWA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADARRO-SUU-LULLAAHRO-SUU-LULLAAHAnd I bear witness, that Muham...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
””Let there beLet there be no compulsion in religionno compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear. Truth stands out cl...
”” If it had been the Lords Will they would all have believed allIf it had been the Lords Will they would all have believe...
””This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailedThis is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have de...
““Allah is the ProtectorAllah is the Protector of those who have faith:of those who have faith: from the depthsfrom the de...
““Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls!Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their so...
"Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and"Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and (ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to(ASLIMU-LAHU) bow t...
““Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deedsUnless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for, forAl...
““We are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the OneWe are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the...
No one should be forced to embrace Islam.No one should be forced to embrace Islam.A person is expected tois expected to en...
Thus, the declaration marks a person’s commitment towardsadhering to all that Islam teaches.It is in fact a covenant betwe...
Amongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towardsAmongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towardstrut...
“Renew your iiman (faith) by (reciting) :Laa-ilaa-ha il-lalLaah(there is no god except Allah)”(Hadith reported by Ibnu Maj...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of themiddle way (midd...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““And strive (And strive (WA-JAA-HADUWA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought) in His cause as ye oughtto strive, (with since...
And say: "And say: "Work (righteousness)Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your: soon will Allah observe yourwo...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““ Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide,Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide,He opens their breast to IS...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““Is one whose heart Allah has opened toIs one whose heart Allah has opened to ISLAMISLAM,,so that he has received Enlight...
“People are like minerals, the best of them inJahiliyah (during times of ignorance)will still be the best amongst them in ...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
“Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness,He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters ofthe religion(Deen); and for...
““And those who (And those who (JAAHADUJAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We) strive in Our (cause),- Wewill certainly guide...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
““The best one amongst youThe best one amongst you is the person whois the person whomakes you remember Allahmakes you rem...
““And whenAnd when Allah guides a single person (to Islam),Allah guides a single person (to Islam),through youthrough you ...
““Among theAmong the believers are men who have [always] been truebelievers are men who have [always] been trueto what the...
All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
Meaning:Meaning: ““polytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to Godpolytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to God” -” -f...
SUCH AS:[a] Ascribing to others, the independent exclusive attributes ofAllah Who is the Unique Creator, Lord, Sovereign, ...
SUCH AS:[c] To deny that Allah has absolute power over all things, and thatthings which occur, although by means of ‘cause...
Meaning:Meaning:““apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; reneg...
SUCH AS:SUCH AS:[a] Outright renunciation.[a] Outright renunciation.[b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam...
SUCH AS:SUCH AS:[e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully[e] Imitating others in their religi...
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““Those who believe then reject Faith, then believeThose who believe then reject Faith, then believe(again) and (again) re...
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““O you who have attained to faith! If you everO you who have attained to faith! If you ever((MURTADMURTAD) abandon your f...
LET US TURN TO ALLAH WITH THIS ....All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our...
"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;He...
““Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afterOur Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afterYou ha...
“(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad,salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family,in accordance with w...
And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our LeaderAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our LeaderMuhammad, and up...
””Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromGlory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He i...
http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introducti...
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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 10-arkaan-ul-islam-shahadatain-(3-may-2013)

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[Slideshare] fardhu'ain(feb-2013-batch)lesson# 10-arkaan-ul-islam-shahadatain-(3-may-2013)

  1. 1. ““A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONA BEGINNERS’ COURSE ONISLAM”ISLAM”Lessons onLessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for AdultsFardhu ‘Ain in English for Adultsconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismailconducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILHADITH OF JIBRA-’ILLESSON #10LESSON #10Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.““To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”IT CAN ALSO BE AIT CAN ALSO BE AREFRESHER COURSE FORREFRESHER COURSE FORMUSLIM PARENTS,MUSLIM PARENTS,EDUCATORS, INEDUCATORS, INCONTEMPORARYCONTEMPORARYSINGAPORE.SINGAPORE.OPEN TO ALLOPEN TO ALL1UPDATED - 3 MAY 2013UPDATED - 3 MAY 2013Every Friday night @Every Friday night @8pm – 10pm8pm – 10pmWisma Indah, 450Wisma Indah, 450Changi Road,Changi Road,#02-00 next to Masjid#02-00 next to MasjidKassimKassimAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)““ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”Pillars of Islam (Submission)Pillars of Islam (Submission)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULSHAHADATAINSHAHADATAIN(DECLARATION AS WITNESS)(DECLARATION AS WITNESS)For further information andFor further information andregistration contact Eregistration contact E -mail :-mail :ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comor +65 81234669 / +65 96838279or +65 81234669 / +65 96838279
  2. 2. (The basic message of Islam)(The basic message of Islam)FARDHU’AINFARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY: CONDUCTED BYUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILUSTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKLESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK““Beginners’ Manual on IslamBeginners’ Manual on Islam””2IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  3. 3. ““Allah”Allah” :: Arabic proper noun; name for God, itArabic proper noun; name for God, itrefers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator,refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator,Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is GodLord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God– there is none besides Allah.– there is none besides Allah.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  4. 4. ““Muhammad s.a.a.w.”Muhammad s.a.a.w.” :: Arabic name meaningArabic name meaning““the Praised Onethe Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered”; he is the Chosen, UnletteredProphet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, theProphet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, theAwaited Seal of Prophethood after whom thereAwaited Seal of Prophethood after whom therewill be no more prophet sent.will be no more prophet sent.FROM PREVIOUS LESSONSFROM PREVIOUS LESSONSAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  6. 6. IIMANIIMANBeliefBeliefFaithFaithConvictionConvictionIHSANIHSANBest orBest orRighteousRighteousConductConduct‘‘AMALAMAL[Islam][Islam]SubmissionSubmissionObedienceObediencePracticePracticeFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith isFaith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith ismere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy.Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANTogether, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSANwhich essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t.Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionThus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submissionto the Will of Allah (as Muslim).to the Will of Allah (as Muslim).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  7. 7. THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TOTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTHE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHHEED)EED)IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOSTMOSTCOMPASSIONATE,COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFUL
  9. 9. ““O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey theO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey theMessenger and those charged with authority fromMessenger and those charged with authority fromamong you (among you (ULIL-’AMRI - MIN-KUMULIL-’AMRI - MIN-KUM).”).”((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 59))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
  10. 10. ““If anyone contends with the MessengerIf anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance haseven after guidance hasbeen plainly conveyed to himbeen plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that, and follows a path other than thatbecoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the path he hasbecoming to men to Faith, We shall leave him in the path he haschosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”chosen, and land him in Hell, what an evil refuge.”((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 115)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)““He is not from my Ummah (community),He is not from my Ummah (community),One who do not respect our elders, orOne who do not respect our elders, orOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andOne who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andone who do not know (and respect the rights of ) ourone who do not know (and respect the rights of ) our ‘Aa-‘Aa-limeenlimeen ( Islamic scholars ).”( Islamic scholars ).”((Hadith reported by TabranyHadith reported by Tabrany))
  12. 12. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
  13. 13. ““TheThe FUQAHAFUQAHA (Muslim jurists-scholars) are the trustees(Muslim jurists-scholars) are the trustees((UMANAA-UUMANAA-U) of the Messenger, as long as they do not insert) of the Messenger, as long as they do not insertworldly interest into it (their religious guidance andworldly interest into it (their religious guidance andteachings).” He was then asked: “What is ‘to insert worldlyteachings).” He was then asked: “What is ‘to insert worldlyinterest into it’ ?” (The Prophet s.a.a.w.) said:interest into it’ ?” (The Prophet s.a.a.w.) said: “(It is when“(It is whenthey) follow the Sultan (i.e. those wielding political power)!they) follow the Sultan (i.e. those wielding political power)!So when they do that (follow the dictates of these leaders),So when they do that (follow the dictates of these leaders),be cautious towards them (i.e. these Muslim jurist-scholars)be cautious towards them (i.e. these Muslim jurist-scholars)in regard to your Deen (religion).”in regard to your Deen (religion).”((Hadith reported by TirmidziHadith reported by Tirmidzi))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012))
  14. 14. ””Verily this is knowledge (contains theVerily this is knowledge (contains therules) of the DEEN (Religion), so lookrules) of the DEEN (Religion), so lookthoroughly into the person from whomthoroughly into the person from whomyou acquire (the knowledge of) youryou acquire (the knowledge of) yourDEEN Religion.”DEEN Religion.”Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rh.a) advicesImam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rh.a) advicesand warns us Muslims:and warns us Muslims:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  16. 16. ””The similitude of those who were charged with theThe similitude of those who were charged with the(obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequently(obligations of the) Mosaic Law, but who subsequentlyfailed in those (obligations), is that of a donkey whichfailed in those (obligations), is that of a donkey whichcarries huge tomes (but understands them not). Evil iscarries huge tomes (but understands them not). Evil isthe similitude of people who falsify the Signs of Allah:the similitude of people who falsify the Signs of Allah:and Allah guides not people who do wrong.”and Allah guides not people who do wrong.”((Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 5))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  17. 17. We are warned here, that there may be people who claim to beingWe are warned here, that there may be people who claim to beingknowledgeable about Islam, but are non-practicing or even non-Muslims.knowledgeable about Islam, but are non-practicing or even non-Muslims.This ‘Parable’ relevantly refers also to such people, as donkeys ( evenThis ‘Parable’ relevantly refers also to such people, as donkeys ( eventhough they may be very knowledgeable about Islam,)though they may be very knowledgeable about Islam,)NOTE:NOTE: Although such people (e.g. Orientalists, academician, intellectuals,Although such people (e.g. Orientalists, academician, intellectuals,researchers, etc.) may produce much works or books on Islam which canresearchers, etc.) may produce much works or books on Islam which canbe useful as data and information for us Muslims and for others, yet, duebe useful as data and information for us Muslims and for others, yet, dueto their not adhering to the teachings contained within these worksto their not adhering to the teachings contained within these worksthemselves, they are still likened (by Allah s.w.t.) as donkeys.themselves, they are still likened (by Allah s.w.t.) as donkeys.Therefore, they are not and cannot be regarded as ourTherefore, they are not and cannot be regarded as our ulama’ulama’ (Islamic(Islamicscholars)scholars), and must be very careful of their agenda., and must be very careful of their agenda.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  18. 18. Muslims have to be carefulMuslims have to be careful, as some of them may have already been, as some of them may have already beeninfluenced byinfluenced by Orientalist’s teachings garbed as IslamicOrientalist’s teachings garbed as Islamic, especially, especiallytaught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times,taught or disseminated amongst certain academicians. In early times,these academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includesthese academicians were non-Muslim Westerners. Today, it includesMuslims but with the similar mind-set, taught to them just as theseMuslims but with the similar mind-set, taught to them just as theseearlierearlier OrientalistOrientalist, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecture, disseminating their teachings in seminars, lecturecourses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc.courses, books, journals, study or reading groups etc.Thus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speaks aboutThus there is today a lot of confusion where such people speaks about‘‘many types of Islammany types of Islam’ whereas the truth is there is only one “’ whereas the truth is there is only one “AD-DEEN-AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM ”.”.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  19. 19. They are confused because they could not differentiate “the religionThey are confused because they could not differentiate “the religion((DEENDEEN)” itself from people’s “understanding ()” itself from people’s “understanding (FIQHFIQH)” of the religion –)” of the religion –between “between “DEENUL-ISLAMDEENUL-ISLAM” with “” with “FIQHUL-ISLAMFIQHUL-ISLAM”.”.Past Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuousPast Muslim scholars are ever careful not to be presumptuous(arrogant even) to claim their(arrogant even) to claim their FIQHFIQH to be theto be the DEENDEEN..ThisThis DEENDEEN belongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to hisbelongs to Allah s.w.t. whereas man can only claim to hisFIQHFIQH of theof the DeenDeen..All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  20. 20. Therefore thisTherefore this DEENDEEN is the “is the “AbsoluteAbsolute” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, and” as Allah s.w.t. is Absolute, andthose who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion ofthose who doubt or deny this has not understood the clear assertion ofAllah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance :Allah, or purposely twist its meaning and significance :““This day haveThis day have I perfected your religion (DEEN)I perfected your religion (DEEN) for you, completedfor you, completedmy favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as yourmy favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as yourreligion.”religion.”((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 3))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  21. 21. Their twisted logic is :Their twisted logic is :““since Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannotsince Man is imperfect, therefore their religion is imperfect and cannotbe absolutebe absolute.”.”But,But, AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM is not man-created but a revealed religion from a Divineis not man-created but a revealed religion from a DivinePerfect Being.Perfect Being.Another fallacy is to equate “Another fallacy is to equate “KAAFFAHKAAFFAH” with “” with “SHUMULSHUMUL”, as though”, as thoughthese are interchangeable.these are interchangeable.Surely there is need to differentiate betweenSurely there is need to differentiate between AL-ISLAMAL-ISLAM the (perfected)the (perfected)DEENDEEN and theand the MUSLIMSMUSLIMS, who are far from being perfect., who are far from being perfect.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  22. 22. ““KAAFFAHKAAFFAH” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’s” (sufficiently, whole-heartedly, fully etc.) pertains to man’spotential and capability. And Allah only expects the Muslims to givepotential and capability. And Allah only expects the Muslims to givetheir fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they cantheir fullest, for Allah does not put a burden greater than they canbear.bear.““SHUMULSHUMUL” (or all-encompassing nature of” (or all-encompassing nature of AD-DEEN AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN AL-ISLAM) on the) on theother hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’sother hand, pertains to the perfect and Absolute aspect of Allah’sguidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His finalguidance, the fundamental rules and laws established by His finalProphet s.a.w.Prophet s.a.w.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  23. 23. It’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfectedIt’s guiding principles and teachings are already perfected((KAAMILKAAMIL) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, with) and which encompasses every aspect of man’s life, withadequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to faceadequate principles for dynamism in its implementation to facewhatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind.whatever possible problem that the future may hold for mankind.This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “This is because, if it is not all-encompassing “SHUMULSHUMUL ”, then”, thenanother Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial ofanother Prophet would be needed, and this in fact is a denial ofthe perfection ofthe perfection of AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM –– itit tantamount to ‘unbelief’tantamount to ‘unbelief’((KUFRKUFR).).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  24. 24. They purport : “They purport : “that since Muslim’s understanding of Islam isthat since Muslim’s understanding of Islam is“evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam than“evolving” towards a much better understanding of Islam thanMuslims of previous past generations, therefore even the core-Muslims of previous past generations, therefore even the core-fundamental teachings of “fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM ” must continue to be” must continue to bechanged (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’schanged (evolved) just like as had happened as in in other religion’shistorical “historical “reformationreformation”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous but”. This is not only inaccurate, erroneous butdownright mischievous.downright mischievous.As we have stated, there is a difference between “As we have stated, there is a difference between “SHARI’AHSHARI’AH””(literally the “(literally the “Way or SourceWay or Source” of the religion) core-fundamental” of the religion) core-fundamentalteachings, and another term “teachings, and another term “FIQHFIQH” (the Islamic scholars’” (the Islamic scholars’understanding of the religion).understanding of the religion).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  25. 25. The core-fundamental teachings of “The core-fundamental teachings of “AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM” have been” have beenperfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis forperfected and it is comprehensive enough to provide the basis forevery Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose.every Muslim to seek solutions to whatever problem that arose.As regards its application, which must take into consideration theAs regards its application, which must take into consideration thechanging context,changing context, AD-DEENUL-ISLAMAD-DEENUL-ISLAM already allows for differingalready allows for differinginterpretations and application of these principles by theinterpretations and application of these principles by the ULAMA’ULAMA’(Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facing(Islamic scholars), to the specific problems their community is facingin every age or conditions – as long as it does not contradict orin every age or conditions – as long as it does not contradict oroppose these core teachings.oppose these core teachings.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  26. 26. Each era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholarsEach era requires it’s own unique solution. If Muslims scholarsattained to correct interpretation based upon theirattained to correct interpretation based upon their FIQHFIQH, than that is, than that isregarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done in the past or inregarded as good, irrespective of whether it is done in the past or inthe modern present. Past interpretations if flawed cannot be bindingthe modern present. Past interpretations if flawed cannot be bindingto others, nay, it can be criticised and corrected. Yet, theto others, nay, it can be criticised and corrected. Yet, the principlesprinciples ofofthisthis DEENDEEN must be preserved and upheld, to remainmust be preserved and upheld, to remain unchangedunchanged..Lest people get carried away by trends set by people today whoLest people get carried away by trends set by people today whoinstigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to beinstigate for change or renewal, - we must remember to bediscerning as to what can and what cannot, be changed.discerning as to what can and what cannot, be changed.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  27. 27. ““Evolving into following error and deviancyEvolving into following error and deviancy” can never be good. And” can never be good. Andthus the “thus the “calling for changecalling for change ” - cannot and must not be applied to” - cannot and must not be applied towhat is already “what is already “perfect and goodperfect and good.“.“Reformation “Reformation “TAJDEEDTAJDEED” – for us is “” – for us is “renewalrenewal “ with regards to“ with regards toMuslims application of rulings or judgement which are affected byMuslims application of rulings or judgement which are affected bywhatever context or circumstances. Thus, new or changing contextwhatever context or circumstances. Thus, new or changing contextmay require new rulings and need not be bound by previous rulings.may require new rulings and need not be bound by previous rulings.However the primary sources and principles are always preserved –However the primary sources and principles are always preserved –it isit is NOTNOT a “a “total replacementtotal replacement” of the” of the SHARI’AHSHARI’AH..This methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codifiedThis methodology has been taught by the Prophet s.a.a.w. , codifiedand continuously applied and adhered to since then.and continuously applied and adhered to since then.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  28. 28. In fact after the best three generation (In fact after the best three generation (SALAFUS-SOLISALAFUS-SOLIHHEENEEN), accretions), accretionsand deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind” regarding thisand deviations have occurred within the Muslim “mind” regarding thisDEENDEEN. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who “. Thus the emergence of Islamic scholars who “strive to preservestrive to preservethe purity of this religionthe purity of this religion“ through the endeavour termed as“ through the endeavour termed as““TAJDEEDTAJDEED”” ((renewalrenewal) of their thinking (mindset) -) of their thinking (mindset) - FIQHFIQH. And this does. And this doesnor imply “nor imply “replacementreplacement” of” of AD-DEEN-UL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-UL-ISLAM’s principle teachings –’s principle teachings –SHARI’AHSHARI’AH..We are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ inWe are not against changing for the better and embracing ‘progress’ infacing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But wefacing the reality of contemporary needs and circumstances. But wehave to beware, “have to beware, “EvolutionEvolution” that they advocate may even lead to” that they advocate may even lead toreplacement, when innovations (replacement, when innovations (BID’AHBID’AH) are introduced directed) are introduced directedtowards total change in the principles (overhauling) of thistowards total change in the principles (overhauling) of this DEENDEEN..All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  29. 29. These ‘These ‘academicianacademicianss’ would not admit that their methodology –’ would not admit that their methodology – whichwhichis from a humanist sociological study and perspectiveis from a humanist sociological study and perspective – (– ( Not of IslamNot of Islam))is in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporaryis in fact imposing a false parallel, advocating that contemporaryMuslims should imitate the ‘Muslims should imitate the ‘Judeo-ChristianJudeo-Christian’ historical experience.’ historical experience.Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “Their error may perhaps be due to their assuming that “ALAL-ISLAM-ISLAM” is” isexactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlierexactly similar to (if not implying that Islam is copying from earlierreligions ), and therefore must inevitably undergo the same historicalreligions ), and therefore must inevitably undergo the same historicalprocess as that of the “process as that of the “Judeo-ChristianJudeo-Christian” – indeed a mischievous” – indeed a mischievoussuggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy.suggestion and rather simplistic and misplaced analogy.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  30. 30. AD-DEEN-AL-ISLAMAD-DEEN-AL-ISLAM, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in, as established by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. infact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which thefact, was Divinely revealed to complete that process in which the““People of the BookPeople of the Book” went through historically, precisely because they” went through historically, precisely because theyhave erred and have ‘have erred and have ‘evolvedevolved ’ their religion into something contrary to’ their religion into something contrary tothe original universal message of every Prophet of Allah.the original universal message of every Prophet of Allah.Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem that ‘Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. came to stem that ‘evolutionevolution’ and correct’ and correctwhatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to thewhatever was wrong, by referring and inviting them back to thepristinepristine ABRAHAMICABRAHAMIC creed ofcreed of TAUTAUHHEEDEED. It was a ‘. It was a ‘devolutiondevolution’ back to’ back tothe principles rather than ‘the principles rather than ‘evolutionevolution’.’.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  31. 31. Lest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for theLest it be misconstrued, man’s development entailing change for thebetterment (or what is regarded as progress in the sense of ’betterment (or what is regarded as progress in the sense of ’IkhtiyarIkhtiyar’)’)is not in any way to be curtailed.is not in any way to be curtailed.Only that theOnly that the changes must not be made to the universal principleschanges must not be made to the universal principlesand the established foundationand the established foundation of thisof this DEENDEEN (religion). Tampering with(religion). Tampering withthese principles is deviancy clearly condemned by Allah and Histhese principles is deviancy clearly condemned by Allah and HisMessenger (inMessenger (in Al-QUR’ANAl-QUR’AN andand AS-SUNNAHAS-SUNNAH).).Beware, clamouring blindly for “Beware, clamouring blindly for “EvolutionEvolution” may even lead to” may even lead to““replacementreplacement” i.e. total change even in the principles of this” i.e. total change even in the principles of this DEENDEEN..WaAllaahu a’lamWaAllaahu a’lamAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  32. 32. ““Do they seek for other than theDo they seek for other than the Religion of AllahReligion of Allah?―While all?―While allcreatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling,creatures in the heavens and on earth have willing, or unwilling,bowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall theybowed (submitted) to His Will (“Islam” ), and to Him shall theyall be brought back.”all be brought back.”((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3: 83))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  34. 34. “Now then, for that (reason), call (them to the Faith), andstand steadfast as thou art commanded nor follow thoutheir vain desires; but say: "I believe in the Book whichAllah has sent down; and I am commanded to judge justlybetween you. Allah is Our Lord and your Lord. For us (isthe responsibility for) Our deeds, and for you for yourdeeds. There is no contention between us and you. Allahwill bring us together, and to Him is (Our) final goal.”(Qur’an: ash-Shura: 42: 15)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  35. 35. The word “The word “IslamIslam” - literally means “” - literally means “surrendersurrender;;submissionsubmission”. When added with the prefix “”. When added with the prefix “alal” ( definite article” ( definite article“t“thehe” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essential” - to denote a name) yet the word refers to the essentialtraits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’straits of this religion signifying an external manifestation of one’sinner conviction, belief (inner conviction, belief (iimaniiman) towards “) towards “obedience to the will ofobedience to the will ofAllahAllah”.”.The true meaning of “The true meaning of “believebelieve” or “” or “iimaniiman”” is :is :““to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (to be convinced in one’s heart/mind (QolbQolb););and declare with one’s tongue,and declare with one’s tongue,and practice deeds in accordance with its pillarsand practice deeds in accordance with its pillars””All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  36. 36. So “So “how does one begin to submit to Allah’s willhow does one begin to submit to Allah’s will ”?”?This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.This was succinctly enumerated by Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.in what is referred to as :in what is referred to as :the Pillars of Islamthe Pillars of Islam((Arkaan-ul-IslaamArkaan-ul-Islaam).).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  37. 37. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  38. 38. As ‘As ‘belief or convictionbelief or conviction’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a need’ resides in a person’s heart, there is a needto first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to othersto first express ones’ commitment verbally – declaring it to otherssuch that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as asuch that it becomes a solemn pledge or a promise, as well as asign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with thesign of one’s entrance into a social & spiritual contract with theuniversal community as Muslim.universal community as Muslim.So, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – by verbalSo, the gateway into Islam is simple. Yet, this entrance – by verbal‘declaration’ - leads to a whole program to be implemented so as‘declaration’ - leads to a whole program to be implemented so asto ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits histo ‘build’ a truly Muslim personality of one who submits hiswhole-self to the Will of the Creator.whole-self to the Will of the Creator.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  39. 39. For to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence withFor to submit to Allah is to begin to be living in the presence withevery witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty ofevery witnesses of the Truth of the Lordship and Sovereignty ofthe One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy ofthe One and only God – Allah, Who Alone is Deity worthy ofworship; upholding and standing firm with justice, in accordanceworship; upholding and standing firm with justice, in accordancewith the Way of life (with the Way of life (DEENDEEN) as established by His Final Messenger) as established by His Final MessengerMuhammad s.a.w.Muhammad s.a.w.The beginning, the “The beginning, the “SHAHADATAINSHAHADATAIN” is to begin to “” is to begin to “ self-self-actualiseactualise”. And it does not stand alone, but are connected to the”. And it does not stand alone, but are connected to theother four pillars to be upheld and implemented.other four pillars to be upheld and implemented.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  40. 40. As these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemnAs these five pillars are inter-related, beginning with a solemncommitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil allcommitment, a covenant, thus a Muslim is to strive to fulfil allthese – as these are to be regarded as athese – as these are to be regarded as a FARDH ‘AINFARDH ‘AIN (a personal(a personalobligation) unto those who enter into Islam:obligation) unto those who enter into Islam:““O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); andO ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly (fully); andfollow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you anfollow not the footsteps of the Evil One; for he is to you anavowed enemy.”avowed enemy.”(Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208(Qur’an: Surah al-Baqorah: 2: 208))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  41. 41. Thus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational andThus, the five pillars must be regarded as that educational anddevelopmental program to nurture a total personality of “developmental program to nurture a total personality of “one whoone whosubmits to Allah’s Willsubmits to Allah’s Will ” (” (MUSLIMMUSLIM).).Each of these five pillars, contains the medium through which theEach of these five pillars, contains the medium through which thedeeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higherdeeper meanings must impact a Muslim – leading to yet higherconsciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one ofconsciousness of how to transform his/her entire life into one ofcomplete submission to the Will of Allah. For to be a Muslim is aboutcomplete submission to the Will of Allah. For to be a Muslim is about““beingbeing” and “” and “becomingbecoming”. It’s about ‘”. It’s about ‘HAALHAAL ’ (spiritual condition) and’ (spiritual condition) and‘‘MAQOMMAQOM ’ (spiritual station).’ (spiritual station).All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  42. 42. ““There is no god but He: that isThere is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah Histhe witness of Allah Hisangels and those endued with knowledgeangels and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on, standing firm onjustice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, thejustice. There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, theWise.”Wise.”((Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18Qur’an: Aali ‘Imran: 3:18))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  43. 43. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  44. 44. Islam is built upon Five (pillars):Islam is built upon Five (pillars):[1] To bear witness that there is no god except[1] To bear witness that there is no god exceptAllah, and that Muhammad is theAllah, and that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allah;Messenger of Allah;[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)[2] And to establish the (Daily obligatory)Swolah;Swolah;[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[3] And pay out the Zakah (tax on wealth);[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the[4] And to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to theHouse) for those who has the means toHouse) for those who has the means to(do) it;(do) it;[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.[5] And to Fast (daily) in Ramadhan.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  45. 45. THE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE FIRST PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TOTHE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUTAUHHEEDEED))IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST COMPASSIONATE,MOST MERCIFULMOST MERCIFULAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  46. 46. ““declaration; make manifest; witness;declaration; make manifest; witness;testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest;testimony; give evidence; attestation; attest;credential; creed; identification;credential; creed; identification;martyrdom.”martyrdom.”SHA-HAA-DAHAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  47. 47. ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAHASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAHI bear witness, that there is no god except AllahI bear witness, that there is no god except AllahAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  48. 48. WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADARWA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADARRO-SUU-LULLAAHRO-SUU-LULLAAHAnd I bear witness, that Muhammad is theAnd I bear witness, that Muhammad is theMessenger of AllahMessenger of AllahAll Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  50. 50. ””Let there beLet there be no compulsion in religionno compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear. Truth stands out clearfrom Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hathfrom Error; whoever rejects Evil and believes in Allah hathgrasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks.grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks.And Allah hears and knows all things.”And Allah hears and knows all things.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 256))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  51. 51. ”” If it had been the Lords Will they would all have believed allIf it had been the Lords Will they would all have believed allwho are on earth!who are on earth! Wilt thou then compel mankind against theirWilt thou then compel mankind against theirwill to believe?will to believe?””((Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 99))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  52. 52. ””This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailedThis is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailedthe Signs for those who receive admonition.the Signs for those who receive admonition.For them will be a Home of Peace in the presence of their Lord:For them will be a Home of Peace in the presence of their Lord:He will be their Friend because they practised (righteousness).”He will be their Friend because they practised (righteousness).”((Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127Qur’an: An’am: 6: 126-127))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  53. 53. ““Allah is the ProtectorAllah is the Protector of those who have faith:of those who have faith: from the depthsfrom the depthsof darkness, He will lead them forth into light.of darkness, He will lead them forth into light. Of those whoOf those whoreject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will leadreject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will leadthem forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companionsthem forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companionsof the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).”of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 257-258))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  54. 54. ““Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls!Say: "O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls!Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: forDespair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: forHe is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”((Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 53))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  55. 55. "Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and"Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and (ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to(ASLIMU-LAHU) bow toHis (WillHis (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shallnot be helped. “not be helped. “((Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54Qur’an: Az-Zumar: 39: 54))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  56. 56. ““Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deedsUnless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for, forAllah will change the evil of such persons into goodAllah will change the evil of such persons into good and Allahand Allahis Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents andis Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful . And whoever repents anddoes good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable)does good has truly turned to Allah with an (acceptable)conversion―”conversion―”((Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 70-71))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  57. 57. ““We are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the OneWe are to accept what is manifested and Allah will (be the Oneto) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)”to) look into what is (secretly) concealed (in the person’s heart.)”((Hadith of the Prophet s.a.wHadith of the Prophet s.a.w.).)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  58. 58. No one should be forced to embrace Islam.No one should be forced to embrace Islam.A person is expected tois expected to enter into it willingly, with full certaintyof the basic truth that there is no god except Allah and thatMuhammad is the messenger of Allah.Those who are born into a Muslim family needs to be nurturedwith the correct understanding of Islam to attain certainty .All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  59. 59. Thus, the declaration marks a person’s commitment towardsadhering to all that Islam teaches.It is in fact a covenant between him and Allah – to be witnessedat least by other Muslims because he will be accorded everyrights and respect as fellow Muslims; as much as other Muslimshave rights over him.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  60. 60. Amongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towardsAmongst these are for Muslims to exhort one another towardstruth and patient constancy; makingtruth and patient constancy; making DU’ADU’A for one another;for one another;protecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in all mattersprotecting each others rights and dignity; assisting in all mattersleading toleading to AL-BIRRAL-BIRR (Goodness) and(Goodness) and AL-TAQWAAL-TAQWA (consciousness of(consciousness ofAllah) with love for one another for the sake of Allah.Allah) with love for one another for the sake of Allah.When a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins areWhen a person enters or embraces Islam, his/her past sins areforgiven and erased whereas merit of al their good deeds remainsforgiven and erased whereas merit of al their good deeds remains(including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This is(including now also, merit of repentance of those past sins). This issimilar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah.similar to Muslims whose repentance have been accepted by Allah.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  61. 61. “Renew your iiman (faith) by (reciting) :Laa-ilaa-ha il-lalLaah(there is no god except Allah)”(Hadith reported by Ibnu Majah)Our Prophet s.a.w. advises:All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  62. 62. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  63. 63. ““And thus have We willed you to be a community of theAnd thus have We willed you to be a community of themiddle way (middle way (UMMATAN WASOTANUMMATAN WASOTAN) [i.e. justly balanced], so) [i.e. justly balanced], sothat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truththat [with your lives] you might bear witness to the truthbefore all mankind (before all mankind (SHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A - ‘ALAN-NAAS) , and the) , and theMessenger as a witness over you.“Messenger as a witness over you.“((Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143Qur’an: al- Baqarah: 2:143))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  64. 64. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  65. 65. ““And strive (And strive (WA-JAA-HADUWA-JAA-HADU) in His cause as ye ought) in His cause as ye oughtto strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He hasto strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He haschosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you inchosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you inreligion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is Hereligion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is HeWho has named you Muslims, both before and in thisWho has named you Muslims, both before and in this(Revelation); that the Messenger ((Revelation); that the Messenger (SHAHEEDANSHAHEEDAN) may) maybe a witness for you, and ye be witnesses forbe a witness for you, and ye be witnesses formankind! (mankind! (SHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAASSHUHADAA-A- ‘ALAN-NAAS)).“.“((Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78Qur’an: al- Hajj: 22:78))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  66. 66. And say: "And say: "Work (righteousness)Work (righteousness): soon will Allah observe your: soon will Allah observe yourwork, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye bework, and His Messenger and the Believers: soon will ye bebrought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open:brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open:then will He show you the truth of all that ye did."then will He show you the truth of all that ye did."((Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 10Qur’an: Taubah: 9: 105)5)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  67. 67. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  68. 68. ““ Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide,Those whom Allah (in His plan) wills to guide,He opens their breast to ISLAMHe opens their breast to ISLAM; those whom He; those whom Hewills to leave straying, He makes their breastwills to leave straying, He makes their breastclose and constricted, as if they had to climb upclose and constricted, as if they had to climb upto the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penaltyto the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penaltyon those who refuse to believe. "on those who refuse to believe. "((Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 12Qur’an: An-’am: 6: 125)5)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  69. 69. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  70. 70. ““Is one whose heart Allah has opened toIs one whose heart Allah has opened to ISLAMISLAM,,so that he has received Enlightenment fromso that he has received Enlightenment fromAllah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? WoeAllah, (no better than one hard-hearted)? Woeto those whose hearts are hardened againstto those whose hearts are hardened againstcelebrating the praises of Allah! they arecelebrating the praises of Allah! they aremanifestly wandering (in error)!”manifestly wandering (in error)!”((Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 22))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  71. 71. “People are like minerals, the best of them inJahiliyah (during times of ignorance)will still be the best amongst them in Islam,so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.”(Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  72. 72. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  73. 73. “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness,He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters ofthe religion(Deen); and for everything there is apillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH –(the profound understanding of the Deen); alearned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult uponsatan than a thousand worshippers.”((Reported by Bukhary and MuslimReported by Bukhary and Muslim))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  74. 74. ““And those who (And those who (JAAHADUJAAHADU) strive in Our (cause),- We) strive in Our (cause),- Wewill certainly guide them to our Paths (will certainly guide them to our Paths (SUBUULANASUBUULANA) :) :For verily Allah is with those who do right.For verily Allah is with those who do right.””((Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69Qur’an: Ahnkabut: 29: 69))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  76. 76. ““The best one amongst youThe best one amongst you is the person whois the person whomakes you remember Allahmakes you remember Allah when you lookwhen you lookupon him; and whenever he speaks it increasesupon him; and whenever he speaks it increasesyou your knowledgeyou your knowledge ( ‘ilm( ‘ilm of theof the DeenDeen), and), andwith his deeds (‘with his deeds (‘amalamal) it inspires (motivates)) it inspires (motivates)you to strive for your Hereafter.”you to strive for your Hereafter.”((Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.aHadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.).)All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  77. 77. ““And whenAnd when Allah guides a single person (to Islam),Allah guides a single person (to Islam),through youthrough you (with your sincere effort), (the reward) for(with your sincere effort), (the reward) foryou is better than (if you are given) the whole worldyou is better than (if you are given) the whole worldand whatever it contains.”and whatever it contains.”((Hadith of the ProphetHadith of the Prophet ))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  78. 78. ““Among theAmong the believers are men who have [always] been truebelievers are men who have [always] been trueto what they have vowed before Allahto what they have vowed before Allah: Of them some have: Of them some havefulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of themfulfilled their obligations (with their lives), and some of themare still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changedare still waiting (for its fulfillment) without having changed[their resolve] in the least.”[their resolve] in the least.”((Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23Qur’an: al-Ahzab: 33: 23))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  79. 79. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  80. 80. Meaning:Meaning: ““polytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to Godpolytheism; idolatry; setting up partners to God” -” -from the word meaning “from the word meaning “partner, associatepartner, associate””Belief that “Belief that “regards others as partners or associates to Allah;regards others as partners or associates to Allah;ascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusivelyascribing to others the absolute attributes which exclusivelybelongs to Allahbelongs to Allah;;””All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  81. 81. SUCH AS:[a] Ascribing to others, the independent exclusive attributes ofAllah Who is the Unique Creator, Lord, Sovereign, Law-giver; Whoalone is the all-knowing.[b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination with[b] Believe in the practices of fortune telling; divination witharrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc.arrows or astrology; delving in sorcery; invoking spirits, idols, etc.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  82. 82. SUCH AS:[c] To deny that Allah has absolute power over all things, and thatthings which occur, although by means of ‘cause and effect’ yet, itcan occur only by Allah’s permission.[d] Ascribing to Allah attributes that contradict His Exalted Majestye.g. holding to anthropomorphic beliefs.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  83. 83. Meaning:Meaning:““apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;apostasy; renouncement; withdraw; desertion; renegade;””Acts, through words and deeds, that causes a person to noActs, through words and deeds, that causes a person to nolonger be regarded as a Muslim.longer be regarded as a Muslim.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  84. 84. SUCH AS:SUCH AS:[a] Outright renunciation.[a] Outright renunciation.[b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam.[b] Rejecting or opposing principle teachings of Islam.[c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa;[c] To regard what is clearly forbidden to be lawful – or vice-versa;[d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacred[d] Blasphemy or committing acts which demeans Islam’s sacredsymbols (symbols (SHI’-ARSHI’-AR) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba,) e.g. Allah’s names, Al-Qur’an, Prophets, Ka’aba,mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery.mosques, sacred rites, etc. – act of defiance, treachery.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  85. 85. SUCH AS:SUCH AS:[e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefully[e] Imitating others in their religious rites or worship; purposefullytrying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity istrying to resemble others such that his/her own Muslim identity isbeing compromised:being compromised:““Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people,Whosoever resembles (or imitates) a people,then he is from amongst them”then he is from amongst them”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  86. 86. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  87. 87. ““Those who believe then reject Faith, then believeThose who believe then reject Faith, then believe(again) and (again) reject Faith and go on(again) and (again) reject Faith and go onincreasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them,increasing in unbelief ― Allah will not forgive them,nor guide them on the way.nor guide them on the way.To the Hypocrites (To the Hypocrites (MUNAAFIQEENMUNAAFIQEEN) give the glad) give the gladtidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―”tidings that there is for them a grievous penalty.―”((Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138Qur’an: An-Nisa’: 4: 137-138))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  89. 89. ““O you who have attained to faith! If you everO you who have attained to faith! If you ever((MURTADMURTAD) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bring) abandon your faith," Allah will in time bringforth [in your stead] people whom He loves and whoforth [in your stead] people whom He loves and wholove Him - humble towards the believers, powerfullove Him - humble towards the believers, powerful(stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who(stern) towards all who deny the truth: [people] who((YUJAAHIDUYUJAAHIDU) strive hard in Allahs cause, and do not) strive hard in Allahs cause, and do notfear to be censured by anyone who might censure them:fear to be censured by anyone who might censure them:such is Allahs favour, which He grants unto whom Hesuch is Allahs favour, which He grants unto whom Hewills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.”wills. And Allah is infinite, all-knowing.”((Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 54))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  90. 90. LET US TURN TO ALLAH WITH THIS ....All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  91. 91. "Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our"Our Lord! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of ourprogeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us ourprogeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us ourplaces for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy);places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy);for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.”for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.”((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 128))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  92. 92. "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;"Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm;Help us against those that reject faith."Help us against those that reject faith."((Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250Qur’an: Baqarah: 2:250))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  93. 93. ““Our Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afterOur Lord ! Let not our hearts swerve from the truth afterYou have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of ThyYou have guided us; and bestow upon us the gift of ThyGrace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of GiftsGrace (Mercy): verily, You are the (true) giver of Gifts(bestowals).”(bestowals).”((Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8Qur’an : Aali ‘Imran : 3 : 8))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  94. 94. “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad,salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family,in accordance with what he deserves(in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  95. 95. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our LeaderAnd salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our LeaderMuhammad, and upon His household and Companions .Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .And all the Praises is for Allah,And all the Praises is for Allah,Lord Sustainer of all the worlds.Lord Sustainer of all the worlds.All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  96. 96. ””Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromGlory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) fromwhat they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praisewhat they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praiseto Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”((Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182Qur’an : Saffat: 37 : 180-182))All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))
  97. 97. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All welcome to visit my web-blog:All welcome to visit my web-blog:97All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013))

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