[Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #3-(criteria-al-qur'an)-14-february-2014
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    [Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #3-(criteria-al-qur'an)-14-february-2014 [Slideshare] fardh'ain(january-2014-batch)lesson #3-(criteria-al-qur'an)-14-february-2014 Presentation Transcript

    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL EED H TAU ALAH A RIS N # O ESS L “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 3 “CRITERIA” Al-Qur’an: Proof of Muhammad’s Prophethood. Every Friday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) UPDATED FEBRUARY 2014 1
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL FARDHU’AIN: CONDUCTED BY USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAIL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOK “Beginners’ Manual on Islam” Lesson #3 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 2
    • “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and most outstanding of them is still available to be considered by anyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is without doubt, the Qur’an .... ” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 5
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL “The Criteria for a Holy Book” - a case for the Qur’an by : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Singapore. TO VIEW ON BLOG http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 6
    • INTRODUCTION AND A BRIEF BACKGROUND All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Avoiding the Fallacy termed as “circular reasoning”: Q: How do you know that your doctrine is true? A: Because it is written in this Book! Q: What makes you believe that that Book is truly from God? A: Because I have faith in it! Q: How do you get that faith? A: Because I read that (same) Book! Q: But how do you know that that Book is truly from God!? A: Because I have faith! Q: But how do you get that faith? A: I read the Book!!……? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Any inter-faith discussion has to firstly contend with the issue of proving, with evidence and reasoning, the basis for acceptance of a “Book said to be from God”, before assigning it as the authority for reference regarding doctrines. To regard that a “Book is from God” requires that we have to provide for certain reasoning or rationale (criteria) for accepting that conclusion. The objective question to consider firstly is, “How can we agree that a particular book can be relied upon as authoritative?” “What would you insist that such a Book must have, to convince you that it is indeed of Divine authorship?” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #1 THE CRITERIA CLAIM ITSELF TO BE FROM GOD The Book itself must make the claim, and not what people attribute to it based on whatever reasons. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 10
    • “And this, too, is a divine writ which We (God) have bestowed from on high – blessed, confirming the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] – and [this] in order that thou (O Muhammad) mayest warn the foremost of all cities and all who dwell around it.” (Qur’an: Al-An’am: 6: 92) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “We (God) sent down the Qur’an in Truth, and in Truth has it descended : and We sent you but to give glad tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts from time to time) in order that you (O Muhammad) might recite it to men at intervals : We have revealed it by stages” (Qur’an : Bani Isra’il : 17: 105) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #2 THE CRITERIA UNIQUE AND INIMITABLE A Book from God must be unique so that it is distinct from other books. Thus, inimitability (not possible for any to produce another like it) is an important quality. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 14
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    • “And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to our servant, then produce a Surah like thereunto ; and call your witness or helpers (if there are any) besides God, if your (doubts) are true” (Surah al-Baqarah : 2: 23) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than God. On the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the Universe” (Surah Yunos : 10: 37) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  To the Arabs at the time of Muhammad s.a.w. then, it was their language (Arabic), linguistic and literary skills in composing odes and poetry which were held in highest regard.  This was their greatest accomplishment, which they have honed and it marked them out as Arabs.  And it is to this that the ‘miracle’ nature of the Qur’an was highlighted to them to be especially tested. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Many of these celebrated poets of the Quraysh, like:  Musaylama al-Kadz-dzab,  Thulaihah ibn Khuwailid al-As’ady,  An-Nadhor ibn Harith,  Mutanabby, Ibn al-Muqoffa etc., attempted but could not succeed but their attempts were even denounced by their own peers, when compared to the style, eloquence, exquisite beauty and profoundness of the Qur’an. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  And standard of Arabic language used by people had declined since that golden era. Thus it would become near impossible for any to respond to this challenge ever again.  One well known poet at the time, Walid ibn Mughirah (himself a respected leader of the Quraysh), even admitted to his peers, after hearing Muhammad’s recitation of a portion of the Qur’an saying, that these could not be the work of mortals - whether it be of man or spirits – echoing precisely a verse in the Qur’an: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “Now this Qur’an could not possibly have been devised by anyone save Allah (God): nay indeed, it confirms the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] and clearly spells out the revelation [which comes] – let there be no doubt about it – from the Sustainer of all the worlds .” (Qur’an: Yunus: 10: 37) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • S FIR R IDE S ON TC “The Striking Calamity - What is the Striking Calamity? And what can make you know what is the Striking Calamity? It is the Day when people will be like moths, dispersed, And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up.” (Qur’an: al-Qari-’ah: 101: 1-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • S FIR R IDE S ON TC All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • S FIR R IDE S ON TC “The Inevitable Reality - What is the Inevitable Reality? And what can make you know what is the Inevitable Reality? Thamud and 'Aad denied the Striking Calamity. So as for Thamud, they were destroyed by the overpowering [blast]. And as for 'Aad, they were destroyed by a screaming, violent wind .” (Qur’an: al-Haqqa: 69: 1-4) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • S FIR R IDE S ON TC “Which Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so you would see the people therein fallen as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees. Then do you see of them any remains?” (Qur’an: al-Haqqa: 69: 5-8) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • E AR P OM THIS C H N, IT E TH M W E TH "The elephant. What is the elephant? And what can make you know what is the elephant? He has a ropy tail and a long trunk." All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “And no question do they bring to thee but We reveal to thee the Truth and the explanation thereof” (Qur’an: al-Furqan : 25: 33) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Muhammad wrote it !” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Muhammad wrote it !” [O Muhammad] thou hast never been able to recite any divine writ ere this one [was revealed], nor didst thou ever transcribe one with thine own hand – or else, they who try to disprove the truth [of thy revelation] might indeed have had cause to doubt [it]. Nay, but this [divine writ] consists of messages clear to the hearts of all who are gifted with [innate] knowledge – and none could knowingly reject Our messages unless it be such as would do wrong [to themselves].” (Qur’an: al-Ankabut: 29: 48-49) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Why has not the Qur’an been revealed to him all at once?” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Why has not the Qur’an been revealed to him all at once?” “Those who reject Faith say: ‘Why is not the Qur’an revealed to him all at once?’ Thus is it revealed that We may strengthen thy heart thereby, and We rehearsed it to thee in slow well-arranged stages, gradually” (Qur’an: al-Furqan: 25: 32) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Why an Arabic Qur’an? All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Why an Arabic Qur’an? “Now had We willed this [divine writ] to be a discourse in a non-Arabic tongue, they would surely have said, ‘Why are not its verses explained in detail? What! (a book) not in Arabic and (a messenger) an Arab?’ Say: ‘It is a Guide and a Healing to those who believe” (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 44) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “Muhammad may have received it from the Devil !” “No evil ones have brought down this (revelation). It would neither suit them nor would they be able to produce it!” (Qur’an: ash-Shuara: 26: 210-211) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say:” He was taught by a Jew or a Christian!” “We know indeed that they say ‘It is a man that teaches him’ (but) the tongue of him they wickedly pointed to is notably foreign, while it (Al-Qur’an) is Arabic, pure and clear” (Qur’an: an-Nahl: 16: 103) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • If they say: “It is a fraud!” “Say: ‘Truth has arrived, and falsehood neither creates anything new, nor restores anything” (Qur’an: Saba’: 34: 49) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #3 THE CRITERIA CONTAINS ABSOLUTE PRINCIPLES All principles which the book contains must be absolute (not affected by time) and remain as true today as they will remain true in the future and as they had proven true in the past. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 41
    •  If one is truly objective (in the sense of seeking justice) and is sincere in analysing the history of the Arabs and in comparing their condition before with that after the revelation of the Qur’an, it would become obvious that their society underwent a drastic change – one that was quite revolutionary.  Their customs, trends, worldview and accepted norms were in fact overturned and replaced with fundamental principles quite unknown to them before this, and since then it has continued to be adhered to even till today. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences  current at that time. ONE OF THE EXAMPLE – “BANNING INTOXICANTS” : All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences  current at that time. ONE OF THE EXAMPLE – “BANNING INTOXICANTS” : “O You who have attained to faith! Intoxicants, and games of chance, idolatrous practices, and the divining of the future are but a loathsome evil of Satan’s doing: Shun them so that you may be successful “ (Qur’an: Ma’idah: 5: 90) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  And today, the dangers of alcoholism, substance abuse and drug addiction are well acknowledged scourge, whereas the Qur’an has, not only explicitly warns mankind against it since 1400 years ago, it has since then started a movement towards eradicating this menace and has been successful in producing the biggest society of teetotallers with an uncompromising stance towards it – “shun them” totally, not even imbibing of even a drop of it. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Today, over 1.5 billion Muslims as the rule, abstain from every alcoholic drink and intoxicant on religious grounds, because it has been forbidden by God (as Haram), explicitly recorded and preserved in the original religious text or scripture.  Although there may be few exceptions of disobedient Muslims, yet no other religion has been as successful as Islam in advocating sobriety as a religious obligation. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #4 THE CRITERIA CONTAINS NEITHER DISCREPANCY NOR INACCURACY God is perfect in His Wisdom and cannot be the author of discrepancies and/or inaccuracies. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 47
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    • “Do they not consider the Qur’an with care ? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy” (Surah An- Nisa’ : 4: 82) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #5 THE CRITERIA CONTRIBUTES TO THE WELL-BEING OF PEOPLE OF ALL LEVEL Unlike other books which appeal to or benefit only certain classes of people according to their intellectual levels, the Book of God is meant for all classes of people. Only God’s Wisdom is capable of producing such a Book. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 50
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    • “All praise is due to God (Allah), who has bestowed this divine writ from on high upon His Servant (Muhammad), and has not allowed any deviousness to obscure its meanings: [a divine writ] unerringly straight, meant to warn [the godless] of a severe punishment from Him, and to give unto the believers who do good works the glad tiding that theirs shall be a goodly reward – [a state of bliss] in which they shall dwell beyond the count of time.” (Qur’an: al-Kahf: 18: 1-3) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because:  Simple devotees refer to it, yet it is not merely a book on devotions;  legists formulate legal rulings from it, and yet it is not merely a book of laws;  educationist derived wisdom from it and yet it does not only speak about education; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  theologians are guided by its principles, and yet it is not merely a book on theology;  it mentions past history and indicate to contemporary men the remnants of past civilization to be discovered, visited and studied, yet it is not a book on history or archaeology; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  it points to the signs in the universe and provide principles for contemplation and reflection for thinkers and philosophers, yet it is not a book on philosophy;  it highlights laws of natural phenomenon long before man develops serious study of natural sciences, from which it only confirms observations made by the book, yet it is not a book on science; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  those who have the aesthetic appreciation for beauty in language and expression are enthralled by its recitation, yet it is not a book on poetry;  Arabic linguists and grammarians use its standard for correctness and eloquence, yet it is not a book on grammar; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Applying to the Qur’an the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because :  those seeking solace and spirituality finds in it companionship and guidance towards their spiritual upliftment, yet it is not merely a book on spirituality;  it has inspired and transformed a whole civilization through all classes of people who then manifested the effect it has on them in almost every field of human endeavour. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Perhaps the closest categorization would be ‘an encyclopaedia’, yet it even transcend this when we realise that this book contains only just over 6,000 verses – and has never needed any re-edition. Only one category is possible, and that is, it is a book of God for the guidance of mankind. Only God’s Wisdom is capable for its authorship. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #6 THE CRITERIA SOME PROPHECIES PROVEN TO BE TRUE Proof of God’s knowledge is in the truth of His prophecies. Although there are many which have not yet come to pass, still there must be some prophecies which can validate this unique attribute of God in the Book. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 59
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    • “Truly did God (Allah) fulfil the vision for His Messenger: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if God (Allah) wills, with minds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not and He granted besides this a speedy victory. It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is God (Allah) for a Witness.” (Qur’an: Surah Fath: 48: 27-28) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • NOTE: NOTE  This verses were revealed when Muslims were a disregarded group, oppressed and weak, living in Madinah after being forced to migrate there, and then had to face several invasions by the Quraish. Yet the prophecy came of the Prophet’s imminent entrance into Makkah, as well as the conquest and triumph of Islam over the Makkans. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “Alif Lam Mim. The Roman Empire has been defeated― In a land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious. Within a few years. With Allah is the Decision, in the Past and in the Future: on that Day shall the Believers rejoice―” (Qur’an: Rum: 30: 1-4)
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    • “Perish the hands of Abu Lahab (the Father of Flame)! Perish he! No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains! Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of blazing Flame! His wife shall carry the (crackling) wood ―as fuel!― A twisted rope of palm-leaf fibre round her (own) neck!” (Qur’an: al-Masad: 111: 1-5) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • NOTE: NOTE  Even after this verse, Abu Lahab continued to live for another 10 years but finally died as an unbeliever, true to the prophecy.  The opportunity for him to contradict this prophecy was available during these years – even by him pretending to accept Islam – yet the enemies of Islam in Makkah had never realised this. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #7 THE CRITERIA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH VALIDATES DATA IN THE BOOK Any scientific fact mentioned in the Book should be able to stand the test of time and scientific research. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 68
    •  Our understanding of empirical science and human discovery in nature is that of the inevitable outcome of man’s reflection of God’s signs (aayat) In the universe, and would not lead to any definitive contradiction in terms of scientific facts. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Yet, science being relative and therefore cannot claim to have absolute certainty, is therefore inadequate to be used as definitive criteria. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  But, in the case of the Qur’an, what we can show is that, as man discover new things in nature, it would not make the statements in the Qur’an redundant, but rather only enhances mankind’s understanding of them. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “In time We shall make them fully understand Our messages [through what they perceive] in the utmost horizons [of the universe] and within themselves, so that it will become clear unto them that this [revelation] is indeed the truth. [Still] is it not enough [for them to know] that thy Sustainer is witness unto everything?” (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 53) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  “The Bible, the Qur’an and Modern Science” by Dr. Maurice Bucaille  “The Developing Human” by Dr. Keith L Moore (with Islamic additions)  “The Basis for a Muslim Belief” by Gary Miller All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • notice the preformed shape of a foetus Seventeenth century drawing by Hartsoeker of a sperm (circa 1600) 76 All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • “We (Allah) created man from a quintessence (gentle extraction) of clay; We then placed him as a drop ( nutfah) in a place of rest firmly fixed; then We made the drop into an “alaqah” (leech-like); and then We change the “alaqah” into “mudghah” (chewed-like substance); then We made out of that “mudghah” bones (‘izam); then We clothed the bones with flesh (‘lahm); then We developed out of it another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.” (Qur’an : al- Mu’minun : 23:12-14) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “When forty-two nights have passed over the Nutfah (i.e. the zygote) Allah sends an angel to it, who shapes it and make its ears, skin, flesh and bones. Then the angel says ‘O Lord ! Is it male or female ?’ And your Lord decide what He wishes and then the angel records it.” (Hadith reported by Muslim in Kitab al-Qadr) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “It appears that Human knowledge had, at one time contradicted some of the facts brought by Islam on some aspects of reproduction. It is also realised that as man discovers new facts, he finds himself repeating what had already been stated by the Qur’an and the Hadith.” All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • #8 THE CRITERIA MUST REMAIN PRESERVED AND NOT BEEN TAMPERED WITH A claim of a Book from God must be on the basis of its original writing. Not something which has been doctored with or edited, with the intention of giving it credibility, based on newly discovered knowledge. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 81
    • “We (Allah) have, without doubt, send down the Message (Al-Qur’an) And We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)” (Qur’an: Surah al- Hijr: 15: 9) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Prophetic Era 13 BH – 10 AH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) * * * * * Revelation to Prophet Muhammad memorised Dictated Recorded Collated Counterchecked
    • 1st Mushaf 12 AH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Battle of Yamamah * original materials which have been recorded by the Prophet’s scribe were sorted out, checked and bound into a single Book.
    • Mushaf Uthmani 30 AH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Expansion of Islam • Uthman’s recension - 7 official copies made from the 1st Mushaf – these sent to all Islamic centres accompanied by a Reciter (muqri’) • (extant copies of these are available even to this day)
    • IN MASJID IMAM HUSSAYN – CAIRO, EGYPT All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • PRESERVED MUSHAF OF KHALIFA ‘UTHMAN IBN ‘AFFAN TOPKAPI MUSEUM ISTANBUL, TURKEY All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • TOPKAPI MUSEUM, ISTANBUL, TURKEY. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
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    • Diacritical marking 65 AH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) (Science) Ilmu- Qira’atil Qur’an * inclusion of markings to the script conforming with Prophet’s recitation, and to facilitate non-Arab learning recitation
    • Compare with verses in the present Mushaf Text All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • Compare with verses in the present Mushaf Text All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • MUSHAF FUAD 1342 AH All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) From Mushaf Uthmani, text compiled at ALAZHAR with one of the original manner of Recitation which has been preserved - from HAFASH.
    • Hafash ‘Asim ibn Abin Nujud Abi Abdur Rahman Abd ibn Habib as-Sulaimi ‘Ali Abi Talib Uthman ‘Affan Zaid Tsabit Ubay Ka’ab Holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • MUSHAF MADINAH 1403 AH (1980) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Commissioned by Saudi King, text using the Rasm’ Uthmani - following strictly the spelling, letter for letter, identical to Mushaf Uthmani.
    • #9 THE CRITERIA If God sends a Book to us, it must be to inform us about Himself and His Divine Plan. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 97
    •  If you ask any person, on their own, to list down possible names and adjectives to describe God in His sublime and transcendent glory, few can make a list up to twenty or there about; even rarely to reach fifty. Even with scholastic learning in religion (other than Islam), this feat would be stupendous. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Yet, in the Qur’an, the names of God are so numerously referred to, and Islamic scholars have counted them to number over a hundred and having such profound meanings befitting God’s majesty and glory; maintaining consistency without any possibility of confusion of His transcendence, that it cannot be the work of any mortal, but of God Himself. For instance in just three verses we can sample a number of these: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the One who knows all (‘Aalim) that is beyond the reach of a created being’s perception, as well as all that can be witnessed by a creature’s senses and mind: He, the Most Gracious (Al-Rahmaan), the Dispenser of Grace (AlRahiim). (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 22) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “(Allah) God is He save whom there is no deity: the Sovereign Supreme (al-Malik), the Holy (al-Quddus), the One with whom all salvation rests (al-Salaam), the Giver of Faith (al-Mu’-minu), the One who determines what is true and false (al-Muhaymin), the Almighty (al-‘Aziz), the One who subdues wrong and restores right (al-Jab-bar), the One whom all greatness belongs (al-Mutakabbir)! Utterly remote is God (Allah), in His limitless glory, from anything to which men may ascribe a share in His divinity.” (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 22-24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “He is God (Allah), the Creator (al-Khaliq), the Evolver (al-Baa-ri-u) , Bestower of all forms or colour (al-Musow-wir)! His [alone] are the attributes of perfection (asma-al-Husna). All that is in the heavens and on earth extols His limitless glory: for He (Allah) alone is Almighty (alAziz), truly wise (al-Hakim)! (Qur’an: al-Hashr: 59: 23-24) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “Hallowed be He (Allah) in whose hand all dominion rests, since He has power to will anything: He who has created death as well as life, so that He might put you to a test [and thus show] which of you is best in conduct, and [make you realize that] He alone is almighty, forgiving.” (Qur’an: al-Mulk: 67: 1-2) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • # 10 THE CRITERIA UNIVERSAL APPEAL AND APPLICATION … Whatever the message of the Book, it must remain relevant throughout the ages from the time of its revelation. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 108
    •  If God intends a Book to be for guidance of all mankind, then its relevance must continue to exist since the time of its revelation, without any period in history where it became hidden or completely lost its usefulness. It must always be openly known.  This criterion therefore would eliminate inclusion of such discoveries of later manuscripts which were lost but now found, or ancient book of wisdom discovered anew and popularized today. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  To be sure, by this, we do not therefore deny previous revelations to Prophets of the past e.g. Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus (peace be upon all of them) etc. (which the Qur’an confirmed), - only that we regard the preservation of these revelations, if any, to be partial, and are known to have been tampered with or mixed with other writing, and much have already been lost.  Thus, we hold that these previous books have now been superseded by the Qur’an. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Any attempt to re-discover and re-compile these earlier revelations in any endeavour to restore it to their originals as a book, would be futile, since much of it were meant to be only for its time, sent for a particular people, and admittedly many have been irretrievably lost.  The Qur’an attributes much of the error in their preservation of scriptures to subsequent people who tampered (by addition, alteration or omission) to their collection of writings and then claiming it to be from God: All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “Do they not know, then, that God (Allah) is aware of all that they would conceal as well as all that they bring into the open? And there are among them unlettered people who have no real knowledge of the divine writ, [following] only wishful beliefs and depending on nothing but conjecture.” (Qur’an: al-Baqarah: 2: 77-78). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • “Woe unto those who write down, with their own hands, [something which they claim to be] divine writ. And then say, ‘This is from God’, in order to acquire a trifling gain thereby; woe, then, unto them for what their hands have written, and woe unto them for all that they may have gained!” (Qur’an: al-Baqarah: 2: 79). All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  Thus, many so called extant copies of ancient religious scriptures are in the language other than the original, or the usage of its language is considered to be no longer existing (on account of it being a dead language), with the only exception being the Qur’an.  With reference to many Biblical texts (Judeo-Christian), even this has been admitted by their respective scholars. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • What the Qur’an asserted 1400 year ago, now confirmed by their own Biblical scholars “Reason for the Revision” “Yet the King James version has serious defects. ….. And discovery of many biblical manuscripts more ancient than those on which the King James version was based made it apparent that these defects were so many as to call for a revision .” (Forward in the New Revised Standard version of the Bible) All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • THE CRITERIA THE CONCLUSION All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) 118
    •  claims to be from God;  And which could not be produced by any who tries;  And contains absolute principles;  And does not contain discrepancies; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  And has contributed to the well-being of mankind at all levels;  And can be shown that some of its prophecies were proven true;  And some of its data compatible with scientific research; All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    •  And the whole book still remains in its original text (language);  And speaks of God and His plan;  And has universal appeal and application. All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • WHAT MUST BE YOUR VERDICT OR CONCLUSION?
    • MOST CERTAINLY, IT MUST BE FROM GOD. WHY ... ? BECAUSE, NO OTHER CONCLUSION IS PLAUSIBLE...! All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • TO BE CONTINUED All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
    • All welcome to visit my web-blog: http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)