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[Slideshare]fiqh course#1b-continue(april2011)

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”

Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail
(Singapore)

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[Slideshare]fiqh course#1b-continue(april2011)

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 1 – (a continuation) INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”
  2. 2. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  3. 3. “ It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  5. 5. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) “ Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” ( Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  6. 6. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  7. 7. “ Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  9. 9. “ Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion( Deen ); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen ); a learned scholar (of the Deen ) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ( Reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) PREVIOUSLY DISCUSSED
  11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) NOW TO PROCEED .....
  12. 12. Amongst the definitions: “ ... Knowledge is the arrival ( husul ) of the meaning ( ma’na ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival ( wusul ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.” By “ meaning ” ( ma’na ) is: “the recognition of the proper place of anything in a system ...” Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  13. 13. <ul><li>INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever is outside of person – to be regarded as information ( مَعْلُومَة ) – not knowledge ( عِلْم ٌ ). </li></ul><ul><li>Information may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can be subjected to process or interpretation – by a human - to arriving at meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Every one may have equal access to a given information. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  14. 14. <ul><li>INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever is outside of person – to be regarded as information ( مَعْلُومَة ) – not knowledge ( عِلْم ٌ ). </li></ul><ul><li>Information may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can be subjected to process or interpretation – by a human - to arriving at meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Every one may have equal access to a given information. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge resides in the person – and is also an attribute ( sifat ) of himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge has to do with “meanings” – which may include abstract concepts and construct beyond the material forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, there can be difference in levels and depths of knowledge to a given information, depending upon who contemplates upon it. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  15. 15. <ul><li>INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>Just as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer; observations, news, data and information etc. are objects to be understood and possible meanings from it to be comprehended by man. </li></ul><ul><li>THUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “Signs” – aayat ( آية ) </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah </li></ul><ul><li>Universe – aayat Kauniyah </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  16. 16. <ul><li>INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>Just as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer; observations, news, data and information etc. are objects to be understood and possible meanings from it to be comprehended by man. </li></ul><ul><li>THUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “Signs” – aayat ( آية ) </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah </li></ul><ul><li>Universe – aayat Kauniyah </li></ul><ul><li>It is when cognition of man are applied to process these information, that he may be said to arrive at knowledge (i.e. when it becomes meaningful). </li></ul><ul><li>THUS the Qur’anic approach for man’s education enjoins him to “Read” ( قْرَأ إِ ) these signs to arrive at the “meanings” – the REALITY. </li></ul><ul><li>Note : Arabic word “universe” and “a scholar; one who is knowledgeable” is spelt: ( عالم ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  19. 19. &quot; Verily Allah does not remove knowledge from the (hearts of the) people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away its people (the true scholars – ‘ULAMA ), until there are no more scholars, the people then take leaders that are ignorant, and when they are asked, and give fatwas – religious rulings, (they give) without knowledge, so they misguide and are misguided.“ ( Hadith reported by Ashaab as-Sunnan from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  20. 20. Analysis of Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) THE PROBLEM
  21. 21. <ul><li> (A) </li></ul><ul><li> Confusion and Error in Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The loss of Adab in the community. Thus restoration of Adab has higher priority for Adab precedes even learning. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud’s “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” (ISTAC publication 1998) p 74 </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  22. 22. <ul><li> (A) </li></ul><ul><li> Confusion and Error in Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>“ This state of perpetual confusion at all levels of societal leadership is ingeniously termed by al-Attas as the loss of ADAB . This can be describe as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion and error in knowledge; creating the condition for: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The loss of Adab in the community. Thus restoration of Adab has higher priority for Adab precedes even learning. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud’s “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” (ISTAC publication 1998) p 74 </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li> External </li></ul><ul><li> Loss of ADAB (B) </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li> (A) </li></ul><ul><li> Confusion and Error in Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>“ This state of perpetual confusion at all levels of societal leadership is ingeniously termed by al-Attas as the loss of ADAB . This can be describe as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion and error in knowledge; creating the condition for: </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of ADAB within the Community. The condition arising out of (A) and (B) is: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The loss of Adab in the community. Thus restoration of Adab has higher priority for Adab precedes even learning. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud’s “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” (ISTAC publication 1998) p 74 </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li> (C) </li></ul><ul><li> Rise / election of </li></ul><ul><li> False leaders </li></ul><ul><li> External </li></ul><ul><li> Loss of ADAB (B) </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li> (A) </li></ul><ul><li> Confusion and Error in Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>“ This state of perpetual confusion at all levels of societal leadership is ingeniously termed by al-Attas as the loss of ADAB . This can be describe as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion and error in knowledge; creating the condition for: </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of ADAB within the Community. The condition arising out of (A) and (B) is: Rise of False leaders </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The loss of Adab in the community. Thus restoration of Adab has higher priority for Adab precedes even learning. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud’s “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” (ISTAC publication 1998) p 74 </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li> (C) </li></ul><ul><li> Rise / election of </li></ul><ul><li> False leaders </li></ul><ul><li> External </li></ul><ul><li> Loss of ADAB (B) </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li> (A) </li></ul><ul><li> Confusion and Error in Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1 </li></ul><ul><li>“ This state of perpetual confusion at all levels of societal leadership is ingeniously termed by al-Attas as the loss of ADAB . This can be describe as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion and error in knowledge; creating the condition for: </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of ADAB within the Community. The condition arising out of (A) and (B) is: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The rise of leaders who are not qualified for valid leadership of the Muslim Community, who do not possess the high moral, intellectual and spiritual standards required for Islamic leadership, who perpetuate the condition in (1) [1] above and ensure the continued control of the affairs of the Community by leaders like them who dominate in all fields.” [2] </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The loss of Adab in the community. Thus restoration of Adab has higher priority for Adab precedes even learning. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud’s “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” (ISTAC publication 1998) p 74 </li></ul>
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  27. 27. “ When a trust ( AMANAH )is neglected, then wait for the time (of its destruction).” Somebody ask: ‘ How shall this be neglected O Messenger of Allah?’ He the replied: “When a matter (affair) is given over, not to its rightful (legitimate) person ( AHLIHA ), then wait for its time (of destruction).” ( Hadith reported by Bukhary ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  29. 29. “ (Honour) My successors ( Khulafa’ ), may Allah s.w.t. be Merciful towards them!.” He was asked: “ Who are your successors ( Khulafa’ ) O Messenger of Allah?” And he said: “ They are those who revive my Sunnah (Way or traditions) and teaches them to the servants of Allah.” ( Hadith of the Prophet s.a.w .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  30. 30. “ The pursuit of knowledge is not carried on without six things which I shall inform you through words that are clear: [1] Ingenious acumen, [2] fervent desire, [3] patience, [4] sufficient sustenance, [5] guidance of a teacher, and [6] length of time.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  31. 31. “ An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet a greater evil is an ignoramus leading a ‘godly’ life. Both are a great trial everywhere, to whomever depends to them both, in holding on to his religion” REFLECTION : We would indeed be afflicted with this Fitnah (trial). Only with appropriate knowledge and irshaadah , and more importantly Taufiq wal-Hidaa-ya from Allah SWT. would we be saved from its evil. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  33. 33. “ O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALLAA-HUM-MA ARINAL- H AQ-QA H AQ-QA WAR-ZUQ-NAT-TI-BAA-’A WA-ARINAL-BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWILA WAR-ZUQ-NAJ-TI-NAA-BA
  34. 34. O Allah! Make us to be people who guide (others) and who are (always) Guided (by Your Guidance) . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALLAA-HUM-MAJ- ‘AL –NAA HAA-DEE-NAA- MUH-TA-DEEN
  35. 35. Not of those who are astray and who lead people astray. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) GHOY – RA - DWAA-LEE-NA WA-LAA MU-DWIL-LEEN
  36. 36. O Allah! Guide us all with Your Guidance. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ALLAA-HUM-MAH – DI-NAA – BI –HU-DAAK
  37. 37. And make us people who hasten towards what pleases You. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WAJ-’AL-NAA – MIM-MAN – YU-SAA - RI-’U – FEE- RI- DWAAK
  38. 38. And do not let us be protected (by others) except only with Your Protection (as our Guardian). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA-LAA – TU-WAL- LINAA – WA-LIY-YAN – SI-WAAK
  39. 39. And do not make us to be of those who differ from Your command and who are disobedient towards You. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA-LAA – TAJ-’AL-NAA- MIM-MAN- KHAA-LA-FA AM – RAA - KA – WA – ‘A- SWAAK
  40. 40. And sufficient is Allah for us, for He is the Best Protector All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA- H AS-BUNALLAAHU WA – NI’-MAL – WA-KEEL
  41. 41. And there is no power nor strength except with Allah The Most High, the Most Esteem. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA-LAA-HAU-LA WA- LAA QUW-WA-TA- IL-LA BIL-LAA-HIL- ‘ALIY-YIL –’AZEEM
  42. 42. And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA-SWOL-LALLAAHU ‘ALAA SAY-YIDINAA MU H AM-MADIN WA-’ALAA – AA-LIHI – WA-SWO H -BI-HI WA-SAL-LIM
  43. 43. And all the Praises belongs to Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the world All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) WA- H AM-DU LIL-LAA-HI-ROB-BIL- ‘AA-LA-MEEN
  44. 44. LESSON # 2 – THE APPROACHES IN LEARNING FIQH “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) INSHA-ALLAAH
  45. 45. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )

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