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[Slideshare] fiqh-course (august 2014-batch) -introdn #1a -(13-august-2014)

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[Slideshare] fiqh-course (august 2014-batch) -introdn #1a -(13-august-2014)

  1. 1. “INTRODUCTIONTOTHESTUDYOF FIQH” IntermediateLevel IslamiccourseinEnglishforAdults conductedbyUstazZhulkefleeHjIsmail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) LESSON # 1a – INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED – 13 August-2014 AUGUST 2014 - INTAKE
  2. 2. 2 Fardhu‘Ain forAdults All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  3. 3. 3All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  4. 4. 4 ”Seest thou not how Allah sets forth a parable?― a goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens― It brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord. So Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition; (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 24-25) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  5. 5. “Allah” : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refers to the One and Only, the Unique Creator, Lord Sustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God – there is none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language. LAA–ILAA-HA - IL-LALLAAH “ThereisnogodexceptAllah” FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  6. 6. MUHAMMADURRASUU-LULLAAH “MuhammadisthemessengerofAllah” “Muhammad s.a.a.w.” : Arabic name meaning “the Praised One”; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet, the servant and Messenger of Allah, the Awaited Seal of Prophethood after whom there will be no more prophet sent. FROM PREVIOUS LESSONS All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  7. 7. “For We have never sent any Messenger except that he should be heeded (obeyed) by Allah’s leave”. (Qur’an : An-Nisa : 4 : 64) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  8. 8. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  9. 9. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.” (Qur’an: Anfal: 8: 24)
  10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  11. 11. IIMAN Belief Faith Conviction IHSAN Best or Righteous Conduct ‘AMAL [Islam] Submission Obedience Practice Faith without obedience is meaningless; and obedience without Faith is mere rituals and may even lead to hypocrisy. Together, Faith and Obedience must lead to Righteousness with IHSAN which essentially focus in our intention to sincerely serve Allah s.w.t. Thus, in these three aspects can one be said to be true in his submission to the Will of Allah (as Muslim). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  12. 12. TAUHEEDIC paradigm ‘ILM TAUHEED - ‘AQIDAH (Creed or Theology) ‘ILM FIQH (Practical Laws for life; Learning of the Shari’ah) ‘ILM AKHLAQ / TASAWWUF / IRFAN (Science of human Disposition/ Sufism) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  13. 13. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Every tree begun from a seed, and would grow in stages – from seedling into a plant which from its onset develops several important crucial components viz. Its roots, its stems which then grow into trunk and branches, its barks and leaves etc. All of these has to be nurtured and let to grow in tandem – as and when conditions permits. If any of these is neglected, or process for their growth stymied to only allow one component to be fully developed without these others – then the tree may be harmed.
  14. 14. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  15. 15. “O YOU who have attained to faith! Ward off from yourselves (i.e. save yourself) and those who are close to you (AHLI-KUM) that fire [of the hereafter] whose fuel is human beings and stones: [lording] over it are angelic powers awesome [and] severe, who do not disobey Allah in whatever He has commanded them, but [always] do what they are bidden to do.” (Qur’an: Tahrim: 66: 6) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  16. 16. “ Educators are like gardeners, the best of them are the local gardeners with the most experience, who have been living with and nurturing the plants and being the caretaker of its ornaments. Although they are often unassuming by avoiding the gaze of people admiring the garden, yet ignoring them is indeed ignorant heedlessness, compounded with ingratitude, while preferring others less able over them is injustice ” 'If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe” (Qur’an: Surah Ibrahim: 14: 7) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL AN-NASEEHAH Sincere Advice All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013)
  17. 17. ISLAM SUBJECT SUBJECT ISLAM "Turn ye to your Lord (in repentance) and (ASLIMU-LAHU) bow to His (Will),” (Qur’an: Surah Az-Zumar: 39: 54) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2013) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. AN-NASEEHAH
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  19. 19. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  20. 20. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, (YATLU –’ALAYHIM AA-YAA-TIHI) to rehearse to them His Signs, (YUZAK-KEE-HIM) to sanctify (purify and grow) them, and (YU-’ALEEMUHUM) to instruct them in (AL-KITAB) Scripture and (AL-HIKMAH) Wisdom― although they had been, before, in manifest error― .“ (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 2)
  21. 21. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 3) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  22. 22. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. “Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty.” (Qur’an: Jumu’ah: 62: 4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  23. 23. “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah (DA-’AA ILALLAAH), works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam (MINAL-MUSLI-MEEN)" (Qur’an: Fussilat: 41: 33) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  24. 24. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  25. 25. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion (LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID- DEEN) and (LIYUN-DZIRUU) admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” (Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“ (Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9)
  27. 27. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “So ask the people of the ‘Remembrance’ (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know.“ (Qur’an: Anbiya’: 21: 7)
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge (AL-’ULAMA): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.“ (Qur’an: Fatir: 35: 28)
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “ Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge (UU-TUL-’ILMA): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.” (Qur’an: Mujadilah: 58: 11)
  30. 30. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) He (Allah) grants (AL-HIKMAH) wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom (AL-HIKMAH) wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding (ULUL-AL-BAAB).“ (Qur’an: Baqarah: 2: 269)
  31. 31. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  32. 32. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion(Deen); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen); a learned scholar (of the Deen) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” (Reported by Bukhary and Muslim)
  33. 33. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge (‘ILMA), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.” (Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi)
  34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” (Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a.)
  35. 35. “People are like minerals, the best of them in Jahiliyah will still be the best amongst them in Islam, so long as they have proper (profound) understanding.” (Hadith reported by Bukhary, Muslim, Darimi and Ahmad) ISLAMIC EDUCATION IS ABOUT SELF-ACTUALIZING POTENTIALS OF EVERY MUSLIM All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  36. 36. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  37. 37. * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t.) into the heart.” (Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a.)
  38. 38. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: •The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m. amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafi’ie r.h.m All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the ‘Haal’ (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain one’s standing (goodly spiritual state attained).”
  39. 39. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states (Haal). In the incremental states which we gained, we must strive to maintain with ‘amal (practice) as we can regress. When ‘istiqomah’ in one’s Haal is achieved, it is called ‘Maqom’ All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  40. 40. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action.”
  41. 41. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) • REFLECTION: Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked to ‘ibaadah – not the secularist- culture of learning which is attached to value- system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.
  42. 42. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: “Fiqh” – literally means “profound understanding (of the Deen)” – ref: al-Qur’an Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence (FIQH), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal.”
  43. 43. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: • REFLECTION: Again, one has to understand Islam’s value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) • “It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. “
  44. 44. * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu ’Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: “Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers.” • REFLECTION: Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled with Taqwa (fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  45. 45. “The knowledge is what benefits, not what is memorized” (Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafi’e rhm. a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  46. 46. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  47. 47. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)
  48. 48. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “We are (much) in need of a little Adab, from (that of) going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak)
  49. 49. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) "Indeed the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? The warriors are the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic ones are the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’), who shall be followed? The governors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?" - Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak
  50. 50. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “(‘ilm) Knowledge without Adab, is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); and Adab without knowledge (‘ilm) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.”
  51. 51. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  52. 52. BY READING ? AS LISTENERS ? BEING IN PRESENCE ? BY BEING TRUE SEEKERS ? ACCEPTED AS SEEKERS ? UNDERGOING MENTORSHIP ? LEARNING THROUGH KHIDMAH ? All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Or, could it be that we are still affected by “PAPERCHASE SYNDROME” ? TASAWWUR ISLAM
  53. 53.  Purify his soul (nafs) from impure traits and blameworthy characteristics. Such as:- ‘ujub (self-conceit) Juhud (ungrateful, obstinacy) Kibr (arrogance) Hasd (jealousy) Riya’ (ostentatious) Hub al-jah (love for status) Hub ad-dunya (love of the world) Etc. .. amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow, (Qur’an: Shams: 91: 10) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  54. 54.  Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to the study. “Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body “ (Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 4) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  55. 55.  Never scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher. “Whosever has humility (tawwadhu’), Allah will raise his rank (and status); and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur) Allah will humiliate him.” (Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  56. 56.  Observe priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning. “... and be satisfied with your ignorance if you have wronged a teacher.” A POEM FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  57. 57.  Must be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge. Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said: “Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas) hastiness is from satan.” (Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  58. 58.  Do not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important. O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger: but fear Allah: for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 1) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  59. 59.  Learn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science. Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh ‘Ain (personal obligation) Fardh Kifaya (community obligation) Muqaddimat (introductory) Mukhtasar (Summary) Mufasssal (Detail) Mujmal (General) Khususiya (Specialised) Usul (Principles) Furu’ (Branches or secondary) Manfa’at (beneficial) Ghoyr Manfa’at (not beneficial) Etc. .. amongst others .... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  60. 60.  Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues – seeking nearness to Allah (“Taqarrub-il-lAllaah”) and attainment of piety (“Taqwa”). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. (Qur’an: Hujurat: 49: 13) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  61. 61. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” (Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah)
  62. 62. Avoid polemics. (Difference between Maslahat al-mursala and Bid’ah) 1. Niyyat : Essentials (rukn ’) in every worship (servitude). 2. Intention is formulated in the heart and mind. 3. In language that one understands. 4. Conscious awareness accompanying the act. 5. Clarity of action and purpose. 6. To eradicate ambiguity. 7. Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  63. 63. As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  64. 64. “I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allah’s) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Qur’an) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin” As an example of the intention (and Du’a): as formulated by Imam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad (rahimahullah) – may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  65. 65.  Refer also to the traditional text : “Ta’lim Muta’allim Tariqit Ta’allum” “INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING” by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Nu’man al-Zarnuji. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  66. 66. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  67. 67. “O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy (bitaanah*) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom. (Qur’an : Aali’Imran: 3:118) *bitaanah : advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  68. 68. “O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah (TAQWA) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).” (Qur’an: Taubah:9: 119) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  69. 69. “He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, and one who do not know (and respect the rights of) our ‘Ulama’ (Islamic scholars).” (Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  70. 70. “A person is upon the religion (way of life) of the ones (friends) he is close to, therefore look to whom you (love to befriend or) close to.” (Hadith reported by Tirmidzi) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  71. 71. Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: ”Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN (Religion).” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  72. 72. “Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment (ZUHD) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further” (Hadith reported by Dailami from ‘Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a.) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  73. 73. “He is not an ascetic (ZAHID) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic (ZAHID) is one who detaches himself from all other except the Irresistable (Allah jallaajalaa-luh)” (Explanation of “ZUHD” by Ibn ‘Arabiy) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  74. 74. A SCHOLARS’ ADVICE FROM KITAB “TA’LIM MUTA’LLIM” “He who does not exert abstinence (WARA’) while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways: [1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or [2] exiles him into [far-off] regions, or [3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  75. 75. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  76. 76. Amongst the definitions: “....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul- )* of the meaning (ma’na- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul of the subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soul’s arrival (wusul- ) at the meaning of that thing or the object of knowledge.” By “meaning” (ma’na- ) is: “the recognition of the proper place of anything in a system ...” * “attainment; acquirement” is a better translation. EPISTEMOLOGY Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  77. 77. Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined: “... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilled into man, of the proper places of things in the order of creation, such that it leads to the recognition and acknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order of being and existence.” ______________________________________________________ Quoted from: “The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas” by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication). ___________________________________________________ EPISTEMOLOGY In other words, it is all about – “ADAB ” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  78. 78. EPISTEMOLOGY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  79. 79. Whatever is outside of the person – to be regarded as information ( ) – not knowledge ( ). Knowledge resides in the person – and is also an attribute (sifat- ) of the person him/herself. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  80. 80. Information may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can be subjected to process or interpretation – by a human – striving to seek and arriving at understanding of “meanings” from it. Knowledge has to do with “meanings” – which may include abstract concepts and construct beyond the material forms. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  81. 81. Every one may have equal access to a given information. Yet, there can be difference in levels and depths of knowledge to a given information, depending upon who contemplates upon it. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  82. 82. Just as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer , our readings, observations, news, data and information etc. are objects to be understood and possible meanings from it to be comprehended by us human. It is when cognition of man are applied to process these information, that he may be said to arrive at knowledge (i.e. when it becomes meaningful). All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  83. 83. THUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “Signs” – aayat ( ) Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah Universe – aayat Kauniyah THUS the Qur’anic approach for man’s education enjoins him to “Read” ( ) these signs to arrive at the “meanings” – regarding the REALITY. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  84. 84. Note: Arabic word “universe” and “a scholar; one who is knowledgeable” is spelt: ( ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  85. 85. AMODERN PARABLE “THE JIG-SAW PUZZLE” By : Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 85All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) TO BE CONTINUED
  86. 86. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)
  87. 87. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) “O Allah! Make us see the Truth to be true and grant us the ability to follow it. And make us see Falsehood to be false and grant us the ability to reject it.”
  88. 88. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) O Allah! Make us to be people who guide (others) and who are (always) Guided (by Your Guidance) .
  89. 89. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) Not of those who are astray and who lead people astray.
  90. 90. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) O Allah! Guide us all with Your Guidance.
  91. 91. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And make us people who hasten towards what pleases You.
  92. 92. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And do not let us be protected (by others) except only with Your Protection (as our Guardian).
  93. 93. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And do not make us to be of those who differ from Your command and who are disobedient towards You.
  94. 94. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And sufficient is Allah for us, for He is the Best Protector
  95. 95. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And there is no power nor strength except with Allah The Most High, the Most Esteem.
  96. 96. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And salutations of Allah and Peace be upon our Leader Muhammad, and upon His household and Companions .
  97. 97. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014) And all the Praises belongs to Allah, Lord Sustainer of all the world
  98. 98. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2014)

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