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Usool al-Deen al-Islami, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem al-Tuwayjri

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  1. 1. JinnsDo Jinn Exist?The Quraan and Sunnah indicate that the jinn exist, and that there is apurpose for their existence in this life, which is to worship Allaah Alone, withno partner or associate. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):"And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans, except they should worshipMe (Alone)." [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]."O assembly of jinns and mankind! Did there not come to you Messengersfrom amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses...?" [al-Anaam 6:130]The world of the jinn is an independent and separate world, with its owndistinct nature and features that are hidden from the world of humans. Jinnsand humans have some things in common, such as the possession ofunderstanding and the choice between the way of good and the way of evil.The word jinn comes from an Arabic root meaning "hidden from sight". Allaahsays (interpretation of the meaning):"...Verily he [Shaytaan] and his qabeeluhu [his soldiers from the jinn or histribe] see you from where you cannot see them..." [al-Araaf 7:27]Allaah has told us in His Book the essence from which the jinn were created.He says (interpretation of the meaning):"And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame o fire." [al-Hijr15:27]"And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire." [al-Rahmaan
  2. 2. 55:15].According to a hadeeth narrated by Aaishah, the Prophet (peace and blessingsof Allaah be upon him) said: "The angels were created from light, the jinn werecreated from fire, and Aadam was created from that which has been describedto you." (Reported by Muslim, 5314).Types of JinnAllaah has created different types of jinn. Among them are some who can takeon different forms, such as dogs and snakes; some who are like flying windswith wings; and some who can travel and rest. Abu Thalabah al-Khushani said:"The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through theair; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest thenresumes its journey."(Reported by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/95, and by al-Tabaraani inal-Kabeer, 22/214. Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abul-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad).We All Have Jinn CompanionsEvery individual among the sons of Aadam has a jinn who has been appointedto be his constant companion (qareen). Ibn Masood said: "The Messenger ofAllaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, There is not one ofyou who does not have a jinn appointed to be his constant companion. Theysaid, And you too, O Messenger of Allaah? He said, Me too, but Allaah hashelped me and he has submitted, so that he only helps me to do good."(Reported by Muslim, 2814). Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on Muslim(17/175): "He has submitted ... he became a believing Muslim. This is theapparent meaning. Al-Qaadi said: Know that the ummah is agreed upon the
  3. 3. fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wasprotected from Shaytaan, physically and mentally, and with regard to hisspeech. This hadeeth contains a reference to the warning against the fitnah(temptation, trial) and whispers of the qareen (constant companion fromamong the jinn). We know that he is with us so we should beware of him asmuch as possible."Their PowersAllaah has given the jinn powers that he has not given to humans. Allaah hastold us about some of their powers, such as the ability to move and travelquickly. An ifreet from among the jinn guaranteed to the Prophet Sulaymaan(peace be upon him) that he would bring the throne of the Queen of Yemen toJerusalem in a moment faster than that needed for a man to get up from wherehe was sitting. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):"An ifreet (strong one) from the jinns said: I will bring it [her throne] to youbefore you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, andtrustworthy for such work. One with whom was knowledge of the Scripturesaid: I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye! - then whenSulaymaan saw it placed before him, he said, This is by the Grace of myLord..." [al-Naml 27:39-40].The Food and drink of the JinnThe jinn eat and drink. Ibn Masood said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace andblessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Someone from among the jinn calledme, and I went with him and recited Quraan for them. He took us andshowed us the traces of where they had been and the traces of their fires. Theyasked him for food and he said, You can have every bone on which the nameof Allaah has been mentioned that comes into your possession, as meat, and allthe droppings as food for your animals. The Prophet (peace and blessings of
  4. 4. Allaah be upon him) said, So do not use [these things] for cleaning yourselves[after relieving oneself], for they are the food and provision of your brothers."(Reported by Muslim, 450).According to another report: "A delegation of jinn from Naseebeen came tome, and what good jinn they are! They asked me for food and I prayed toAllaah for them, so that they would not pass by bones or droppings, but theywould find food on them." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 3571). The believing jinnmay eat any bone on which the name of Allaah has been mentioned, becausethe Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not permitthem to have anything on which Allaahs name has not been mentioned - thoseare for the kuffaar among the jinn.The dwelling places of the jinnThe jinn live on this earth where we do. They are mostly to be found in ruinsand unclean places like bathrooms, dunghills, garbage dumps and graveyards.Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us totake precautions when entering such places, by reciting the adhkaar (prayers)prescribed by Islam. One of these was reported by Anas ibn Maalik (mayAllaah be pleased with him), who said: "When the Messenger of Allaah (peaceand blessings of Allaah be upon him) entered the toilet, he would say,Allaahumma innee aoodhu bika min al-khubuthi wal-khabaaith (O Allaah, Iseek refuge with You from the evil ones, male and female)." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 142; and Muslim, 375).Al-Khattaabi explained that khubuth is the plural of khabeeth (evil or dirty -masculine form), and khabaaith is the plural of khabeethah (evil or dirty -feminine form), and that what is meant is male and female shayaateen.
  5. 5. The First Muslim JinnAllaah tells us that some of the jinn said (interpretation of the meaning):" And some of us are Muslims, and of us some are al-qaasitoon (disbelievers -those who have deviated from the Right Path). And whosoever has embracedIslam, then such have sought the Right Path. And as for the qaasitoon, theyshall be firewood for Hell." [al-Jinn 72:14-15]The Muslims among the jinn are of different levels as regards righteousnessand taqwa. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):"[Some jinn said:] There are among us some that are righteous, and some thecontrary; we are groups, each having a different way (religious sects, etc.)" [al-Jinn 72:11]The story of how the first jinns of this ummah became Muslims was narratedby Abd-Allaah ibn Abbaas, who said: "The Prophet (peace and blessings ofAllaah be upon him) went out with a group of his Companions heading for themarketplace of Ukaaz. This was when the shayaateen were prevented fromgetting any news from heaven, and shooting stars had been sent against them.The shayaateen went back to their people, who said, What is the matter withyou? They said, We cannot get news from heaven, and shooting stars weresent against us. Their people said, Nothing is stopping you from hearing newsfrom heaven except some new event that must have happened. Go and look inthe east and the west of the earth, and see if you can find out what it is that isstopping you from hearing news from heaven. Those who went out in thedirection of Tihaamah came upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaahbe upon him) in Nakhlah, when he was on his way to Ukaaz, and found himleading his Companions in Fajr prayer. When they heard the Quraan, they
  6. 6. listened to it and said, By Allaah, this is what is stopping us from hearing newsfrom heaven. When they went back to their people, they said, O our people,we have heard a wonderful Recital (the Quraan). It guides to the Right Path,and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anythingwith our Lord (Allaah). [al-Jinn 72:2 - interpretation of the meaning]. ThenAllaah revealed to His Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) thewords (interpretation of the meaning): "Say (O Muhammad): It has beenrevealed to me that a group of jinns listened (to this Quraan)... [al-Jinn 72:1],and Allaah revealed to him what the jinn had said." (reported by al-Bukhaari,731).The reckoning on the day of JudgmentThe jinn will be called to account on the day of Resurrection. Mujaahid (mayAllaah have mercy on him) said, concerning the aayah (interpretation of themeaning): "...but the jinns know well that they have indeed to appear (beforeHim) (i.e., they will be brought to account)" [al-Saffaat 37:158]: "They will bebrought to judgement." Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Baab Dhikr al-Jinn waThawaabihim wa Iqaabihim.Question and Answers on JinnsQuestion 1: Who are the jinn?The jinn are among the creatures that Allah (swt) created. Allah (swt) createdangels, jinn, mankind, animals, plants and others. Jinn have some qualities likehuman beings. These qualities are intellect, discrimination, freedom, and thepower to choose between right and wrong, between true and false, as well asbetween good and bad.
  7. 7. Question 2: When did Allah (swt) create the jinn?Allah (swt) created the jinn before Adam (pbuh) was created. Both werecreated in heaven and lived in paradise. One may read in Surah Al-Hijr (TheRocky Tract) [Quran, 15:26-27]. However, nothing was mentioned about theduration of time of the jinns creation before Adam (pbuh).Question 3: What are jinn created from?Jinn are created from fire of hot wind [Quran, 15:27]; and from smokeless fire[Quran, 55:15]. They were originally made from fire and then molded andshaped in the form and shape that Allah (swt) wanted them to be.Question 4: Do jinn have bodies?Yes and no! It depends upon the information that one has. One group ofscholars believe that jinn do not have bodies of their own. They also do notinhabit bodies of other creatures. However, they do exist independently bythemselves. Therefore, they do not know how they exist without bodies: smoke,flame, fire or what?The other group of scholars do believe that jinn do have bodies either definiteor subtle. If their bodies are definite then they have some density; otherwise, ifthey are subtle, then they are so fine that our weak eyes cannot see them. Onemay read Surah Al-Araf (The Heights) [Quran, 7:27]. Even if they are subtlethey should have weight and density similar to that of the air itself.Question 5: Do jinn die?Yes. Jinn do die. As long as they are creatures created by Allah (swt), they
  8. 8. should die. They are creatures that marry, produce children, eat, drink, and dielike all other creatures in the universe. One may read Quran Surah Al-Rahman(The Most Merciful) [Quran, 55:26-28].Question 6: Do the jinn feel envy of us?Yes. There are two types of evil eye: human and the jinn. One has to readregularly Aoozu Billahi Minash-shaitanir Rajeem. Also, by reading Ayah Al-Kursi and Al-Muawwazatain, one will be protected from the evil eyes of boththe jinn and mankind.Question 7: Are there messengers and prophets from within the community ofjinn?Yes. Allah (swt) has sent prophets and messengers to jinn from within the jinncommunity. Also, Allah (swt) sent Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to mankind, tojinn, and to other creatures. In Surah Al-Anam (The Cattle), Allah (swt)explains that He sent messengers to men and to jinn. See Quran [6:130].Question 8: Do jinn have different religions, sects and denominations?In Surah Al-Jinn (Ch. 72), Allah (swt) informs us that some jinn acceptedIslam, while others refused. Those who refused have deviated, and developedfor themselves different methods, different ways of life, and different religions,sects and denominations.Question 9: Do jinn marry and have children?Yes. Jinn do marry and they do have children. The way they marry is notknown to us yet. We may be able to know the future if Allah (swt) wants us to
  9. 9. know.People never knew about microbes, viruses, and the unseen micro creatures.Now we are able to know many things about their life cycles, their lifeduration, their methods of duplication or reproduction: sexually and asexually.The mere fact that we do not know how the jinn marry and reproduce does notnegate their being married and reproduced. The Quran stipulates in Surah Al-Kahf (18:50) that they have offsprings. Similarly, the Quran states in Surah Al-Rahman (55:56) that jinn and human beings never touched (married) the ladiesof paradise.Question 10: Do jinn have animals as pets?Yes. Jinn do have animals or beasts of their own. The Prophet (pbuh)mentioned that every piece of dung is fodder for the beasts of the jinn.However, we do not know what type of beasts the jinn have. The same thing isto be said as to the varieties of beasts, their number, their shape, their size,their weight and so on.Question 11: Do jinn have homes of their own?Yes. The jinn do have homes. They live all over the planet earth. However,there are special places that one may find them in abundance and on a regularbasis. These are deserts, ruins, places of impurities such as dunghills,bathrooms and graveyards. They live in houses of human beings too. For thosewho enter their houses mentioning the name of Allah (swt), the jinn cannothave a place to stay overnight in that house. If the people of the house mentionthe name of Allah (swt) before eating, then the shaitan will not be able to eatwith them.
  10. 10. Question 12: Is it true that animals see jinn and angels?Yes. Animals do see angels and shaitan. When a rooster sees an angel, it startscrowing. However, when a donkey starts braying it is seeing a jinn.Jinns and the purpose of their creationThe jinn are part of the creation of Allaah. He created them from fire beforeHe created Adam, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):"And indeed, We created man from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud.And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire"[al-Hijr 15:26-27]Just as Adam had descendents, so Iblees had descendents too, as Allaah says ofIblees (interpretation of the meaning):"Will you then take him (Iblees) and his offspring as protectors and helpersrather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange forthe Zaalimoon (polytheists, and wrongdoers, etc)"[al-Kahf 18:50]Allaah created the jinn and mankind to worship Him. Whoever obeys Him willenter Paradise and whoever disobeys Him will enter Hell:"And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they shouldworship Me (Alone).
  11. 11. I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for Mycreatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed themselves or Mycreatures).Verily, Allaah is the All Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong"[al-Dhaariyaat 51:56 - interpretation]All of the jinn, like mankind, are accountable. Among them there are believersand kaafirs, those who obey Allaah and those who disobey Him, as Allaah tellsus that they said:"There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we aregroups having different ways (religious sects)"[al-Jinn 72:11 - interpretation of the meaning]The jinn will be rewarded or punished in the Hereafter just like mankind.Allaah tells us that they said:"And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allaah, after listening tothis Quraan), and of us some are Al?Qaasitoon (disbelievers those who havedeviated from the Right Path). And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. hasbecome a Muslim by submitting to Allaah), then such have sought the RightPath.And as for the Qaasitoon (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), theyshall be firewood for Hell"[al-Jinn 72:14-15 - interpretation of the meaning]
  12. 12. The jinn and mankind will all be brought to account on the Day ofResurrection before the Lord of the Worlds. None of them will be able topostpone that or flee from it."O assembly of jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones ofthe heavens and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be ableto pass them, except with authority (from Allaah)!"[al-Rahmaan 55:33 - interpretation of the meaning]Whoever among the jinn or mankind tries to flee from the Reckoning willnever be able to do so, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):"There will be sent against you both, smokeless flames of fire and (molten)brass, and you will not be able to defend yourselves[al-Rahmaan 55:35]When the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was inMakkah, a group of the jinn came to him; they heard the Quraan and weremoved by it:"And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad) a group (three toten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Quraan. When they stood inthe presence thereof, they said: "Listen in silence!" And when it was finished,they returned to their people, as warners"[al-Ahqaaf 46:29 - interpretation of the meaning]
  13. 13. Some of the jinn believed when they heard the Quraan, as Allaah says(interpretation of the meaning):"Say (O Muhammad): It has been revealed to me that a group (from three toten in number) of jinn listened (to this Quraan). They said: "Verily, we haveheard a wonderful Recitation (this Quraan)!It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall neverjoin (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allaah)""[al-Jinn 72:1-2]Both Adam and Iblees fell into sin, but Adam regretted it and repented, andAllaah accepted his repentance:"Then Adam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him(accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (acceptsrepentance), the Most Merciful"[al-Baqarah 2:37 - interpretation of the meaning]But Iblees refused and was arrogant, so he was one of the disbelievers:"And (remember) when We said to the angels: Prostrate yourselves beforeAdam. And they prostrated except Iblees (Satan), he refused and was proudand was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allaah)"[al-Baqarah 2:34 - interpretation of the meaning]Whoever disobeys Allaah out of pride and arrogance, among the jinn and
  14. 14. mankind, is following the Shaytaan and will be gathered with him in the Fireof Hell if he does not repent, as Allaah said to Iblees:"(Allaah) said: The truth is - and the truth I sayThat I will fill Hell with you [Iblees (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) thatfollow you, together"[Saad 38:84-85 - interpretation of the meaning]The friends of the Most Merciful (Allaah), among the jinn and mankind, co-operate in righteousness and piety, and the friends of the Shaytaan, among thejinn and mankind, co-operate in sin and transgression. Allaah says(interpretation of the meaning):"And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayaateen (devils)among mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as adelusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would nothave done it; so leave them alone with their fabrications"[al-Anaam 6:112]The jinn used to have places near the heavens where they would sit toeavesdrop (on the inhabitants of the heavens), but when Allaah sent HisMessenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) they wereno longer allowed to do that. Whoever among them tries to listen is burnedwith a flaming fire, as Allaah tells us that the jinn said:" And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with sternguards and flaming fires.
  15. 15. And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any wholistens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush"[al-Jinn 72:8-9 - interpretation of the meaning]The jinn are with us on this earth, but by the mercy of Allaah they see us andwe do not see them, as Allaah says of Iblees and his tribe (interpretation of themeaning):"Verily, he and Qabeeluhu (his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe) see you fromwhere you cannot see them"[al-Araaf 7:27]Whoever can see you when you cannot see him, and he is your enemy, is moredangerous. So you must always beware of him and protect yourself from thedevils among the jinn and mankind.Find out more.....Jinn ( ‫)جن‬