[Slideshare]tauhid course(#2).

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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAUHEED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

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  • 12/15/10 12:24 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  • [Slideshare]tauhid course(#2).

    1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class started: 27 Nov 2010 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCING START OF A NEW COURSE [2] Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <sameer_al_abd@yahoo.com> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 LESSON #2
    2. 2. REMEMBER THE …. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    3. 3. REMEMBER …. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    4. 4. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    5. 5. REMEMBER THAT…. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    6. 6. REMEMBER THE …. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    7. 7. USING OF REASON ( AQLIYYAH ) AS ONE OF THE MEANS OF DEVELOPING IIMAN (FAITH) Lesson # 2 A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    8. 8. <ul><li>The Holy Qur'an calls upon people to think and to draw conclusions through thought process. It even regards thinking as part of worship, and does not recognise the belief in its doctrinal tenets if it is not the outcome of correct thinking. Islam in this connection has paid attention to a basic point, that although people are capable of thinking, still they can end up with erroneous conclusion - if they neglect to use, or inappropriately allow certain factors to influence their thought process. Thus, in Islam, we are provided basic guidelines - basic lessons on how to think correctly. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    9. 9. <ul><li>Firstly, in the Qur'an, it has pointed out the major causes which lead to wrong thinking and has explained what to do to avoid error and deviation. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    10. 10. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    11. 11. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    12. 12. &quot;Now if you pay heed unto the majority of those (who live) on earth, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but conjectures, and they themselves do nothing but guess * . Verily, thy Lord knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the rightly guided.&quot; ( Qur’an: An 'am 6 :116-117 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    13. 13. <ul><li>The phrase: * “nothing but guess (conjecture)” </li></ul><ul><li>* i.e. They only guess regarding the true nature of human life and its ultimate destiny, the problem of revelation, the relationship between God and man, the meaning of good and evil etc. </li></ul>1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    14. 14. <ul><li>Apart from leading man astray from spiritual truths, such guesswork gives rise to arbitrary rules of conduct and self imposed inhibitions. </li></ul>1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    15. 15. &quot;And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day).&quot; ( Qur’an: Bani Israil : 17 :36 ) . All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    16. 16. <ul><li>Muslims are to be taught that there is distinction between knowledge ( 'ilm ) and conjecture or guesswork ( dzonn ); between absolute and relative; between what are reliable and unreliable reports, and how to distinguish between them; etc. It exposes the fallacy of merely following the majority without concern for substantiation of truth, which seems to be the common approach, albeit erroneously adopted by people, in matters of religion. </li></ul>1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    17. 17. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    18. 18. <ul><li>If man wants to judge rightly, he should fully maintain his impartiality. In other words, he should seek Truth only, and accept without hesitation what evidence proves. He should behave exactly like a judge in a court of justice, who while studying a case ought to be neutral to the claims of both parties. If he is biased towards one party, the arguments in favour of that party will unconsciously attract his attention and the arguments against it will automatically be missed by him. That is what will mislead the judge. </li></ul>2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    19. 19. <ul><li>If man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer of his thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personal liking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Qur'an regards the base desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess and conjecture. Allah says : </li></ul>2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    20. 20. &quot;They follow nothing but conjecture and that which they desire. “ ( Qur’an : Najm 53: 23 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    21. 21. <ul><li>The concept of justice ( al-'adl ) are to be applied in analysis, putting things in their appropriate place, requiring impartial appraisal of all relevant views available to be considered and not suppressed or overlooked. Often, this would be difficult when one inclines to own desires ( hawa ) or self-interest, therefore we are to be extra cautious of our own failings. </li></ul>2. Bias and inclination towards base desires All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    22. 22. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    23. 23. <ul><li>To be able to express an opinion about a question, one should have adequate evidence before him. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless there is enough evidence, any hasty expression of an opinion is likely to lead to error. In the Holy Qur'an, Allah repeatedly refers to the insufficiency of human knowledge for pronouncing an opinion in respect of many important questions. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul>3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    24. 24. &quot;And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is one of the commands of my Lord, and you have been given but little knowledge.“ ( Qur’an : Bani Israil 17 :85 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    25. 25. <ul><li>In this verse, the question posed was to seek something which man's knowledge is inadequate to appreciate any form of detailed answer, thus only a general response suffices. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not provide fully what was being asked, but responded in accordance with the preparedness of the questioner, but it cautioned him that, although our knowledge about the soul may be little, this general response may suffice. </li></ul>3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    26. 26. <ul><li>So we should not deny its existence just because we cannot fully satisfy our curiosity regarding it. </li></ul><ul><li>It teaches us that we should not be hasty in addressing any issue, but to consider carefully what is offered based on available knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>The key point here is, knowledge. To accept is with knowledge, and to deny it also must be based upon knowledge. </li></ul>3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    27. 27. <ul><li>Do not reject something by simply basing it upon our ignorance of that thing - e.g. some people categorically deny something with the irrelevant excuse &quot; because I have not come across it .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>This statement is simply an admission of his ignorance of that thing, not a proof (knowledge) that that thing does not exist! </li></ul>3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    28. 28. <ul><li>From the above, we are taught, nay, warned against being hasty in 2 things : </li></ul><ul><li>(1) That we must not believe a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty believing something without knowledge). </li></ul><ul><li>(2) That we must not deny a thing unless we have sure knowledge about it. (Warning against hasty denial without knowledge). </li></ul>3. Haste All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    29. 29. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    30. 30. <ul><li>Man has a tendency to readily accept an idea or a belief that was accepted by past generations, without giving it any further thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah s.w.t. in the Holy Qur'an, reminds people that they should have independent thinking and should not accept anything without judging it carefully, simply because it was accepted by others in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus: </li></ul>4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
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    32. 32. &quot;But when they are told, &quot;Follow what Allah has revealed&quot; some answers, &quot;Nay, we shall follow (only) that which we found our forefathers believe in and did.&quot; What! even though their forefathers did not understand anything and had no guidance?&quot; ( Qur’an : Baqarah 2 :170 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    33. 33. <ul><li>In spite of advancement in education, yet when it concerns religious beliefs and practices, many people tend to blindly imitate or follow whatever their forefathers may have passed on for them. </li></ul><ul><li>When new and verifiable evidence are offered, they refused to even consider them but rely only on this blind fanaticism. </li></ul>4. Traditional thinking and looking to the past All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    34. 34. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    35. 35. <ul><li>In this last era, another cause of wrong thinking is the cult of personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the great respect in which they are held, some of the celebrated historical and contemporary personalities influence the thinking and the will of others. Some famous / infamous personalities have been known to control the thinking of others such that these people think and have the same opinion as they. </li></ul>5. Cult of personality All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    36. 36. <ul><li>Other people do not dare differ from the (so-called) great people and so lose their independence of thought and will. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah s.w.t. calls upon people to think independently and not to follow their elders and other influential personalities blindly. They, the misguided and heedless people will regret them on Judgement Day: </li></ul>5. Cult of personality All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    37. 37. &quot;And they will say (in the Hereafter) : “O our Lord! Behold! We (obeyed) paid heed unto our leaders and great men, and it is they who have led us astray from the right path!” ( Qur’an: Ahzab: 33: 67 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    38. 38. <ul><li>‘ Cult of personality’ - It is when a person is being followed, obeyed or imitated unconditionally, i.e. without him needing to provide any authoritative basis or verifiable knowledge; – relying only upon his charisma, power, charm, popularity or whatever factor he possesses, which held people to be in awe or captivated by him – but devoid of any rationale proof, true knowledge or in accordance with certain reasonable criteria. </li></ul>5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    39. 39. <ul><li>Prophets (a.s.) and all Islamic scholars who are true heirs of the prophets ( warathatul-anbiya ), such as those proven scholars of Islam (e.g. Aimmah mujtahidun , Hujjatul Islam Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali, Imam An-Nawaawi and Qutb al-Irshad Habib ‘Abdillah Al-Haddad , and our ‘Ulama in the Nusantara that follow them faithfully – may Allah bless their souls and elevate their ranks), do not fall into this category of cult. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION
    40. 40. <ul><li>Yet, in the present age, we need to be cautious of pseudo-scholars who may use religion to start a cult-following. Devoid of knowledge ( jaahil ), they would attract followings only through a display of outward ‘ piety ’ or ‘ holiness ’ as though these are sufficient and valid credentials to prove that they are learned and thus by this method, they manipulate obedience of their followers. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION
    41. 41. <ul><li>One tell-tale sign is that the teacher would strictly forbid their students/followers from asking him questions (which he fear would expose his own ignorance); or forbid them from learning or consulting with other Islamic scholars and teachers of the Deen . </li></ul><ul><li>Imam Burhanuddin Zarnuji r.a. expresses this concern in a couplet: </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION
    42. 42. 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    43. 43. <ul><li>“ An immoral man of learning is a great evil, yet greater evil is an ignoramus ( jaahilun ) leading a ‘godly pious’ life ( mutanassik ). </li></ul><ul><li>Both are a great trial everywhere, </li></ul><ul><li>to whomsoever (wishing to) cling to his religion (by having to follow people like them).” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION
    44. 44. <ul><li>Imam Muhammad ibnu S irrin (rh.a) advices and warns us Muslims: </li></ul><ul><li>” Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of the DEEN (Religion), so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire (the knowledge of) your DEEN Religion.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – ADDITIONAL CLARIFICATION
    45. 45. &quot;Allaahum-ma arina al-haqqa haqqa , war zuq-nat-tibaa-’a ; Wa arina al-baa-tila al-baa-tila , war-zuq - naj-tinaa-ba.” 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A AND SEEK ALLAH’S HELP: All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
    46. 46. <ul><li>O Allah! Make us to see truth as true </li></ul><ul><li>and grant us the ability to follow it; </li></ul><ul><li>And make us to see falsehood as false </li></ul><ul><li>and make us able to reject it.” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 5. What is meant by “Cult of personality”? – SO LET US MAKE DU’A AND SEEK ALLAH’S HELP: TO BE CONTINUED ...

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