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Dsar ti ke 4

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  • 1. Pertemuan 4 Understanding Output Peripherals 1
  • 2. Learning Outcomes Pada akhir pertemuan ini, diharapkan mahasiswa akan mampu : • menjelaskan tentang contoh-contoh perangkat output pada komputer 2
  • 3. Outline Materi • CRT Monitors • Flat-Panel Displays • Printers • Speakers 3
  • 4. What is Output? • What is output? 4 Ø Data that has been processed into a useful form, called information § Output device is any hardware component that can convey information to user
  • 5. Display Devices • What is a display device? 5 Ø Output device that visually conveys information § Information on display device sometimes called soft copy Ø Monitor houses display device as separate peripheral
  • 6. CRT Monitor • What is a CRT monitor? 6 Ø Contains cathode-ray tube (CRT) Ø Screen coated with tiny dots of phosphor material § Each dot consists of a red, blue, and green phosphor Ø Common sizes are 15, 17, 19, 21, and 22 inches § Viewable size is diagonal measurement of actual viewing area
  • 7. CRT Monitor • What is resolution? 7 Ø Sharpness and clarity of image Ø Refresh rate is speed at which monitor redraws images on screen Ø Higher resolution makes image sharper, displays more text on screen, makes some elements smaller
  • 8. CRT Monitor •How does video travel from the processor to a CRT monitor? 8 Step 1. The processor sends digital video data to the video card. Step 2. The video card’s digital-to-analog converter (DAC) converts the digital video data to an analog signal. Step 3. The analog signal is sent through a cable to the CRT monitor. Step 4. The CRT monitor separates the analog signal into red, green, and blue signals. Step 5. Electron guns fire the three color signals to the front of the CRT. Step 6. An image is displayed on the screen when the electrons hit phosphor dots on the back of the screen. Ø Video card (also called a graphics card) converts digital output from computer into analog video signal
  • 9. CRT Monitor • What are video standards? 9 Ø Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) develops video standards
  • 10. CRT Monitor • What are various video card configurations? 10
  • 11. Flat-Panel Displays • What is a flat panel display? 11 Ø Uses liquid crystal display § Also called LCD monitor Ø Takes up less desk space than CRT monitor Ø Consumes less than one-third the power
  • 12. Flat-Panel Displays • What about using multiple LCD monitors? 12 Ø Some users position two or more monitors side by side or stacked Ø Allows users to run multiple applications simultaneously
  • 13. Flat-Panel Displays • What are some mobile devices that have LCD screens? 13 p. 300 Fig. 6-11 Ø Notebooks Ø Tablet PCs Ø PDAs Ø Smart phones
  • 14. Flat-Panel Displays • What is an electronic book (e-book)? 14 p. 300 Ø Small, book-sized computer that uses LCD screen Ø Allows users to read, save, highlight, bookmark, and add notes to online text Ø Download new book content from Web
  • 15. Flat-Panel Displays •How do you use an LCD monitor with a video card? 15 p. 301 Fig. 6-13 Ø Plug monitor into Digital Video Interface (DVI) port on computer standard monitor port S-video port DVI port
  • 16. Flat-Panel Displays • What is a gas plasma monitor? 16 p. 302 Fig. 6-14 Ø Displays image by applying voltage to layer of gas § Larger screen size and higher display quality than LCD, but much more expensive
  • 17. Printers • What is a printer? 17 Ø Output device that produces text and graphics on paper Ø Result is hard copy, or printout Ø Two orientations: portrait and landscape portrait landscape
  • 18. Printers • How do you know which printer to buy? 18 SpeedSpeedSpeedSpeedBudgetBudgetBudgetBudget Color orColor or black and whiteblack and white Color orColor or black and whiteblack and white Cost per pageCost per pageCost per pageCost per page Paper typesPaper types and sizesand sizes Paper typesPaper types and sizesand sizes Photo printingPhoto printingPhoto printingPhoto printing GraphicsGraphics capabilitycapability GraphicsGraphics capabilitycapability SystemSystem compatibilitycompatibility SystemSystem compatibilitycompatibility – Depends on printing needs WirelessWireless capabilitycapability WirelessWireless capabilitycapability Future needsFuture needsFuture needsFuture needs
  • 19. Printers • What is a dot-matrix printer? 19 Ø Impact printer that produces printed images when tiny wire pins strike ribbon § Impact printer forms characters by striking mechanism against inked ribbon that contacts paper
  • 20. Printers • What is a line printer? 20 Ø High-speed impact printer that prints entire line at a time Ø Speed measured in lines per minute (lpm) § Band printer prints fully formed characters using a hammer mechanism § Shuttle-matrix printer is high-speed printer that works like dot-matrix printer
  • 21. Printers • What is an ink-jet printer? 21 Ø A type of nonimpact printer that sprays tiny drops of liquid ink onto paper § Nonimpact printer forms characters and graphics without striking paper Ø Prints in black-and-white or color on a variety of paper types
  • 22. Printers • What is the resolution of a printer? 22 Ø Sharpness and clarity Ø Measured by number of dots per inch (dpi) printer can output
  • 23. Printers • How does an ink-jet printer work? 23 Step 1. A small resistor heats the ink, causing the ink to boil and form a vapor bubble. Step 2. The vapor bubble forces the ink through the nozzle. Step 3. Ink drops onto the paper. Step 4. As the vapor bubble collapses, fresh ink is drawn into the firing chamber. print cartridge print head nozzle firing chamber nozzlebubble resistor ink ink ink dot paper
  • 24. Printers • What is a photo printer? 24 Step 2. Insert media card into card reader on photo printer. Step 3. Use menu to select desired image to print, view it on LCD screen, edit if necessary, select size of the print, and then print image. Step 4. Remove printed photo from the printer. Ø Color printer that produces photo-lab-quality pictures Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 6, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Photo Printers below Chapter 6 media cards photo printer Click to view video Step 1. Take photograph with digital camera and store it on media card in the camera. media card
  • 25. Printers • What is a laser printer? 25 Ø High-speed, high-quality nonimpact printer Ø Prints text and graphics in very high-quality resolution, ranging from 600 to 2,400 dpi Ø Typically costs more than ink-jet printer, but is much faster
  • 26. Printers • What is a thermal printer? 26 Ø Generates images by pushing electrically heated pins against heat-sensitive paper § Dye-sublimation printer, (also called a digital photo printer) uses heat to transfer dye to specially coated paper professional home use
  • 27. Printers • What is a mobile printer? 27 Ø Small, lightweight, battery-powered printer that allows mobile user to print from notebook computer, Tablet PC, or PDA while traveling
  • 28. Printers • What is a label printer? 28 Ø Small printer that prints on adhesive-type material § Postage printer has built-in digital scale and prints postage stamps Ø Most also print bar codes
  • 29. Printers • What is a plotter? 29 Ø Sophisticated printer used to produce high-quality drawings Ø Large-format printer creates photo-realistic-quality color prints
  • 30. Printers • What is wireless printing? 30 Ø Output transmitted to printer wirelessly via infrared light waves or radio waves § Bluetooth printing uses radio waves § Devices need to be within 30-foot range
  • 31. Speakers and Headsets • What is an audio output device? 31 Ø Computer component that produces music, speech, or other sounds Ø Speakers and headsets are common devices
  • 32. Speakers and Headsets • What is voice output? 32 Ø Computer talks to you through speakers on computer Ø Internet telephony allows you to have conversation over Web
  • 33. Other Output Devices • What is a facsimile (fax) machine? 33 Ø Device that transmits and receives documents over telephone lines
  • 34. Other Output Devices • What is a fax modem? 34 Ø Modem that allows you to send and receive electronic documents as faxes external fax modem internal fax card in system unit fax machine
  • 35. Other Output Devices • What is a multifunction peripheral? 35 Ø Provides functionality of printer, scanner, copy machine, and fax machine
  • 36. Other Output Devices • What is a data projector? 36 Ø Device that takes image from computer screen and projects it onto larger screen
  • 37. Other Output Devices • What is force feedback? 37 Ø Sends resistance to joystick or wheel in response to actions of user
  • 38. Output Devices for Physically Challenged Users •What other output options are available for visually impaired users? 38 Ø Change Window settings, such as increasing size or changing color of text to make words easier to read Ø Blind users can work with voice output Ø Braille printer outputs information in Braille onto paper
  • 39. • Source : Shelly, Gary B. Discovering Computers (2004/2005/2006). Thomson Course Technology. PPT for Chapter 6. 39

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