Lecture Education

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Chapter 13

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Lecture Education

  1. 1. Chapter 13Education
  2. 2. Education and democratic ideals• No Child Left Behind Act• Horace Mann – common school• LBJ viewed education as “the answer to all our national problems.”• Largest share of state government spending – elementary and secondary• Standards
  3. 3. Organization and leadership• State boards of education• Departments of education• School boards• Local education agencies/school districts
  4. 4. Money matters• Sources of school funding• Federal intervention (judicial and legislative)• Examining disparities in educational resources
  5. 5. School funding equity• Affluent vs. less affluent districts• Competitiveness• Quality of education
  6. 6. Assessing educational achievement• Nation at Risk – 1983• Standardized tests – Criterion referenced – Norm referenced
  7. 7. Performance standards across states• National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)• Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)
  8. 8. Standards movement• Kentucky Education Reform Act• Goals 2000/Educate America Act• No Child Left Behind Act
  9. 9. Advantages and disadvantages of performance standards• Increase accountability• Rigid curriculum• Reduced flexibility
  10. 10. Teachers• Single most important factor in student learning• Shortage – Low-income schools – Special education – Science and math – Languages – Technology
  11. 11. Alternatives to public schools• Common schools• Charter schools• School voucher programs and privatization• Home schooling
  12. 12. Advantages and disadvantages of school vouchers• Increased flexibility and choice• Market competition and bureaucratic efficiency• Selectivity bias• Performance disparities
  13. 13. Primary educational actors• Teachers’ unions (NEA and AFT)• Parents’ groups (PTA)
  14. 14. Other educational actors• National political parties• Business groups• Professional and advocacy groups
  15. 15. Issues to watch• Intelligent design• Minority growth and achievement
  16. 16. Conclusion• Reforming NCLB• Federal versus local control• Funding reform

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