Local Government

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Chapter 11

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Local Government

  1. 1. Chapter 11Local Government
  2. 2. Why should we care about local government?• Role of local governments – Service provider – Citizen contact – Reflection of political culture – Autonomy
  3. 3. Types of local government• Counties• Municipalities• Special districts
  4. 4. Organizing local government: counties• Counties and unincorporated communities• Counties vs. cities• Explaining county variance• Structure – Commission – Council-executive – Commission-administrator
  5. 5. Municipalities• Cities• Townships
  6. 6. Municipal governance• Mayor-council systems• Commission systems• City manager systems• Town meeting• Special districts
  7. 7. Mayor-council systems• Most common• Strong mayor systems• Weak mayor systems
  8. 8. Commission systems• Convergence of executive and legislative power• Independent commissioners• Expanded policymaking authority
  9. 9. Council-manager systems• Nonpartisan• Indirect popular accountability• City manager power
  10. 10. Special districts• School districts• Annexation
  11. 11. Local governmental authority• Dillon’s Rule• Home rule• Charters – General act charters – Special act charters
  12. 12. Local governmental participation• Ward/district elections• At-large elections• Local officeholder demographics
  13. 13. The road ahead• Local governments are evolving• Great Recession – Plunging sales – Lowered property taxes• New ‘business norm’
  14. 14. Conclusion• Government closest to home – Reflects local desires – Day-to-day contact with citizenry• Constrained – Dillon’s rule – Structural limitations – Economic limitations

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