Types Of Social Groups PowerpointPresentation Transcript
Types of Social Groups
A Social Group is formed when 2 or more people are in the same physical location and aware of one another’s presence.
A Transitory Group is when several people happen to be in the same place at the same time but who may never be again. Their interaction is minimal.
Examples: people crossing the street at the same time at the same intersection; people getting onto the same elevator; people waiting in line at the checkout at CVS
A Recurrent Group is one that meets regularly.
Examples: the field hockey team; an annual family gathering; a monthly AA meeting
A Formal Group is one that has rules and regulations, scheduled meeting times, official roles assigned to members (such as treasurer, coach, etc.), official membership list, etc.
Examples: Spanish club; Congress; Sociology class
An Informal Group lacks the formality of the formal group. There may be unwritten rules, etc.
Examples: a group of friends; a family; commuters sharing a bus
An In-Group is simply any group someone belongs to and feels emotional attachment to the members.
An Out-Group is one that someone doesn’t belong to and feels competition and/or hatred towards. These two are different for each individual.
Examples of the above: rival gangs, rival teams or their fans; cliques at school
Group members differ in the ways they interact with one another as well. This determines whether a group is Primary or Secondary. These differ in the following ways.
Primary: Strong emotional attachment among members, love
Secondary: Little emotion felt among members toward one another
Primary: An individual’s entire personality is important to the group.
Secondary: Only a small piece of an individual’s personality is important to the group. Can they do the job assigned?
Primary : Each individual is important to the group. The group is particular about who can be a member
Secondary: Membership is open to all
Primary: very informal. Members feel relaxed around one another
Secondary: formal. Rules exist to explain how and when interaction takes place
Primary: goal is simply to enjoy one another’s company
Secondary: the group meets for a specific reason. Members may have little in common beyond the reason for the group’s existence
Rules & Regulations
Primary: Rules may be understood rather than written down and are very flexible. Punishments for breaking them are also flexible.
Secondary: Rules are formalized and each member must follow the same rules. Punishments also are applied in a standard way for all members.
Discuss how these characteristics apply to a family (a Primary Group relationship) and a group of co-workers at Wendy’s (a Secondary Group Relationship)
Membership in these groups overlap. A group could be recurrent, formal and secondary (student council). It might also be recurrent, informal and primary (a dating couple). Members might belong to a formal group (co-workers on the job) but form informal groups (co-workers who become friends or even begin dating each other). They might interact in a primary and secondary way with differing members of the same group.
Work in groups and develop a unique example of each of the following combinations:
Recurrent, informal, secondary
Recurrent, formal, secondary
Recurrent, informal primary
Recurrent, formal, primary
Transitory, informal, secondary
Do not repeat the examples already given in class.
Remember, to be a group, members must be in the same place at the same time. So the National Honor Society is not a group. The SAHS chapter of the NHS is a group.