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Types Of Social Groups Powerpoint


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  • 1. Types of Social Groups
  • 2.
    • A Social Group is formed when 2 or more people are in the same physical location and aware of one another’s presence.
  • 3.
    • A Transitory Group is when several people happen to be in the same place at the same time but who may never be again. Their interaction is minimal.
    • Examples: people crossing the street at the same time at the same intersection; people getting onto the same elevator; people waiting in line at the checkout at CVS
  • 4.
    • A Recurrent Group is one that meets regularly.
    • Examples: the field hockey team; an annual family gathering; a monthly AA meeting
  • 5.
    • A Formal Group is one that has rules and regulations, scheduled meeting times, official roles assigned to members (such as treasurer, coach, etc.), official membership list, etc.
    • Examples: Spanish club; Congress; Sociology class
  • 6.
    • An Informal Group lacks the formality of the formal group. There may be unwritten rules, etc.
    • Examples: a group of friends; a family; commuters sharing a bus
  • 7.
    • An In-Group is simply any group someone belongs to and feels emotional attachment to the members.
    • An Out-Group is one that someone doesn’t belong to and feels competition and/or hatred towards. These two are different for each individual.
    • Examples of the above: rival gangs, rival teams or their fans; cliques at school
  • 8.
    • Group members differ in the ways they interact with one another as well. This determines whether a group is Primary or Secondary. These differ in the following ways.
  • 9.
    • Emotional Intensity:
    • Primary: Strong emotional attachment among members, love
    • Secondary: Little emotion felt among members toward one another
  • 10.
    • Scope
    • Primary: An individual’s entire personality is important to the group.
    • Secondary: Only a small piece of an individual’s personality is important to the group. Can they do the job assigned?
  • 11.
    • Particularism/ Universalism
    • Primary : Each individual is important to the group. The group is particular about who can be a member
    • Secondary: Membership is open to all
  • 12.
    • Interaction
    • Primary: very informal. Members feel relaxed around one another
    • Secondary: formal. Rules exist to explain how and when interaction takes place
  • 13.
    • Aims
    • Primary: goal is simply to enjoy one another’s company
    • Secondary: the group meets for a specific reason. Members may have little in common beyond the reason for the group’s existence
  • 14.
    • Rules & Regulations
    • Primary: Rules may be understood rather than written down and are very flexible. Punishments for breaking them are also flexible.
    • Secondary: Rules are formalized and each member must follow the same rules. Punishments also are applied in a standard way for all members.
  • 15.
    • Discuss how these characteristics apply to a family (a Primary Group relationship) and a group of co-workers at Wendy’s (a Secondary Group Relationship)
  • 16.
    • Membership in these groups overlap. A group could be recurrent, formal and secondary (student council). It might also be recurrent, informal and primary (a dating couple). Members might belong to a formal group (co-workers on the job) but form informal groups (co-workers who become friends or even begin dating each other). They might interact in a primary and secondary way with differing members of the same group.
  • 17.
    • Work in groups and develop a unique example of each of the following combinations:
    • Recurrent, informal, secondary
    • Recurrent, formal, secondary
    • Recurrent, informal primary
    • Recurrent, formal, primary
    • Transitory, informal, secondary
    • In-group
    • Out-group
    • Do not repeat the examples already given in class.
    • Remember, to be a group, members must be in the same place at the same time. So the National Honor Society is not a group. The SAHS chapter of the NHS is a group.