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Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda
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Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability Action Agenda

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The slides in this presentation are for of a keynote address at the 2011 Sustainable Community Summit, Ottawa, Canada. My assignment is “To promote and guide discussion into the barriers and solutions …

The slides in this presentation are for of a keynote address at the 2011 Sustainable Community Summit, Ottawa, Canada. My assignment is “To promote and guide discussion into the barriers and solutions associated with achieving the transportation element of a sustainable community.” As context for the discussion of barriers and solutions to achieving sustainable transport, I begin by explaining why I use “Inspire” in the title. I then list a dozen of my reports in which I examined various issues associated with sustainable transport, and another set of reports in which I previously discussed barriers and solutions to achieving sustainable transport in the City of Ottawa. The final context remark is to remind/inform attendees, and viewers of this presentation, of the ten reports from the project, Methodologies for Identifying and Ranking Sustainable Transport Practices in Urban Regions, which was undertaken for Transport Canada in 2008-2009. Emphasis then turns to two conditions which must be met in order to achieve the transportation component of a sustainable community. First, simultaneously reduce the number of trips made by private motor vehicles, and increase the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit. And second, actions are explicitly designed and methodologically implemented to increase transportation system flexibility. The presentation is concluded by a number of slides illustrating how the sustainability of a transportation system is determined by the combinations of transportation system outputs that are demanded by citizens, businesses, and government agencies, and the modes of transportation used by citizens, businesses, and governments to achieve those outputs. In the open forum to follow the presentation, Summit attendees will be asked for words of wisdom, guidance, and motivation to INSPIRE a sustainable transportation transformation across Ottawa, Ontario, and beyond.

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  • 1. Dr. Barry Wellar, MCIP Distinguished Research Fellow, Transport Action Canada, Professor Emeritus, University of Ottawa,Policy and Research Advisor, Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods,Policy and Research Advisor Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods Principal, Wellar Consulting Inc.,  wellarconsulting.com wellarb@uottawa.ca Presentation materials for 2nd Annual Sustainable Community Summit: Identifying Barriers and Providing Solutions Summit organized by: Yasir Naqvi, MPP Ottawa Centre ynaqvi.mpp.co@liberal.ola.org yasirnaqvimpp.ca Ottawa, Ontario May 14, 2011 Slide 1 of 39
  • 2. Presentation Assignment P t ti A i t To promote and guide discussion into the barriers and solutions associated with achieving the transportation element of a sustainable community. Slide 2 of 39
  • 3. Why “Inspiring”?  Wh “I i i ”?Because,Because based on the record of the past 35 years informing Canadian citizens years, citizens,corporations, and governments about the ABCs of sustainable transport through factsand logic has proven to be at best a ‘baby step’ way of effecting change.As a result, and by ways yet unknown to me, it seems that a stimulus is needed toINSPIRE citizens, corporations, and governments to move Practice Sustainable Transportto the very top of their Must Do Lists, and to then act accordingly. h f h d h d lToday, Summit attendees will be asked for words of wisdom, guidance, andmotivation to INSPIRE a sustainable transportation transformation across Ottawa,Ontario,Ontario and beyond My task is to help frame the discussion beyond. discussion. Slide 3 of 39
  • 4. Sustainable Transport Concepts in Context S t i bl T tC t i C t tMore than 150 years ago, John Stuart Mill expressed elements of the  concept of sustainability. My initial comments on sustainable transportation were published in  g pthe mid‐1970s, and built on Mill’s thoughts. PowerPoint slides from several previous presentations provide a brief overview of parts of that work, and a context for today’s Summit presentation. Information is included about e‐access to the materials. materials Slide 4 of 39
  • 5. Selected Wellar Presentations on  Selected Wellar Presentations on Sustainable Transportation (available at wellarconsulting.com)Taking steps towards the end of the automobile eraTaking steps towards the end of the automobile era Slide 5 of 39
  • 6. Selected Wellar Presentations on  Selected Wellar Presentations on Sustainable Transportation (available at wellarconsulting.com) Sustainable Transport: Is There Anybody Here Is There Anybody Here Who Can Win This Game?Sustainable Transport by Design or by Default? Either Way, the Wasteful Ride is Over Slide 6 of 39
  • 7. Selected Wellar Presentations on  Selected Wellar Presentations on Sustainable Transportation (available at wellarconsulting.com) Sustainable Transport Best Practices and Geography: Making Connections g p y g Sustainable Transport Practices in Canada: Exhortation Overwhelms Demonstration Exhortation Overwhelms DemonstrationGeographic Factors as a Core Element of Best Practices in Sustainable Transport in Metropolitan Regions in Canada Sustainable Transport in Metropolitan Regions in Canada Slide 7 of 39
  • 8. Selected Wellar Presentations on Selected Wellar Presentations on Sustainable Transportation (available at wellarconsulting.com) Cutting to the Chase in Designing New Measures of Designing New Measures of Transportation System Performance Designing New Planning Measures of D i i N Pl i M f Transportation System Performance Slide 8 of 39
  • 9. Selected Wellar Presentations on Selected Wellar Presentations on Sustainable Transportation (available at wellarconsulting.com) Best Practices for Walkability y How Citizens Can Make a Difference in  Defining and Achieving Walkability D fi i d A hi i W lk bilit Slide 9 of 39
  • 10. Selected Wellar Presentations on  Selected Wellar Presentations onSustainable Transportation ‐‐ Ottawa  (available at wellarconsulting.com) Sustainable Transport: Does Anybody Here Know How To Win This Game An Advisory to Council About Solving  An Advisory to Council About Solving Ottawa’s Transportation Mess  Slide 10 of 39
  • 11. Selected Wellar Presentations on  Selected Wellar Presentations onSustainable Transportation ‐‐ Ottawa  (available at wellarconsulting.com) The Bottom Line in  Tran$it Financing101: They’re All Taxpayer Dollar$ They’re All Taxpayer Dollar$ Questions, Questions, and More Questions About Ottawa’s LRT Plan, 2009 Edition , Analysis of Responses to ‘Questions, Questions, and More Questions About Ottawa’s LRT Plan, 2009 Edition’ Slide 11 of 39
  • 12. Recent Wellar Research Into the   Recent Wellar Research Into theSustainable Transport Decision Process (available at wellarconsulting.com) Transport Canada Project,  Methodologies for Identifying and Ranking Sustainable Transport Practices in Urban Regions  Slide 12 of 39
  • 13. Inspiring S t i bilit A ti Agenda I i i a Sustainability Action A d Will Not Be a Walk in the Park!   "… Besides, increased traffic is  a natural outcome of t l t f the citys intensification goals." Ottawa Sun Editorial, March 11, 2011. "Walkley driving ban unwarranted" Slide 13 of 39
  • 14. Letter to Editor by B. Wellar L tt t Edit b B W ll Submitted March 11, 2011 but Not Published I expect that your statement "Besides, increased traffic is a natural outcome of the citys intensification goals." will come as one hell of a surprise to all the  y g purban planners, urban designers, etc., in Ottawa and around the world who are under the impression that a primary reason for urban intensification is to reduce the number of trips made by private motor vehicles, and increase the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit.  Slide 14 of 39
  • 15. Essence of a Sustainable Transportation E f S t i bl T t ti Action Agenda (1) SIMULTANEOUSLY a) Reduce the number of trips made by private motor vehicles, and b) Increase the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit. Slide 15 of 39
  • 16. Essence of a Sustainable Transportation E f S t i bl T t ti Action Agenda (2) Actions are explicitly designed and  methodologically implemented to  increase transportation system flexibility (Source: William L. Garrison, contact B. Wellar for references.)  Slide 16 of 39
  • 17. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101: F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Basic Output‐Input RelationshipsIncreased ABC with Increased Use of XYZ Mode of TransportationIncreased ABC with Decreased Use of XYZ Mode of TransportationDecreased ABC with Increased Use of XYZ Mode of Transportation ABC with Increased Use of XYZ Mode of TransportationDecreased ABC with Decreased Use of XYZ Mode of Transportation Slide 17 of 39
  • 18. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (1) Accessibility Accidents Cardiovascular illness Comfort Congestion g Convenience Density Diversity y Slide 18 of 39
  • 19. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (2) Economic development Energy consumption gy p Environmental impact Fitness Greenhouse gases g Green space “Gridlock” Growth Slide 19 of 39
  • 20. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (3) Health problems Infrastructure capital costs p Infrastructure maintenance costs Infrastructure operating costs Intensification Land consumption Mobility Obesity  y Slide 20 of 39
  • 21. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (4) Open space Parking lots g Parking spaces Pollution Resource consumption p Respiratory illnesses Safety Sprawl p Slide 21 of 39
  • 22. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (5) Taxes Traffic deaths Traffic injuries Trip cost Trip distance p Trip interruptions Trip risks Trip time p Slide 22 of 39
  • 23. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your ABCs (6, 7, 8, 9 …) 40 ABCs are sufficient for the Summit. There are dozens of other ABCs,  Fill in the blanks Slide 23 of 39
  • 24. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101:F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101 Name Your XYZ Mode(s) For Moving People Cycling Motorized scooter Motorized wheelchair Private motor vehicle Rollerblading g Skateboarding Transit Walking  g Slide 24 of 39
  • 25. Fundamentals of Sustainable Transportation 101: F d t l f S t i bl T t ti 101Name Your Alternative Means for Not Moving People Telecommute  Teleconference Telehealth T l h lth Telemarket Telemedicine  Teleservice Teleshop Telework . . . Slide 25 of 39
  • 26. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi iSustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Barrier Question 1. What are the reasons that citizens may not actively engage in practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reducing the number of trips made by  a) Reducing the number of trips made by private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? Slide 26 of 39
  • 27. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi i Sustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Barrier Question 2. What are the reasons that corporations may not participate in efforts to achieve sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reducing the number of trips made by  a) Reducing the number of trips made by private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? Slide 27 of 39
  • 28. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi i Sustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Barrier Question 3.What are the reasons that the City of Ottawa may not implement  policies, plans, and programs that give top priority to practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  SIMULTANEOUSLY a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? b lki li d i? Slide 28 of 39
  • 29. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi iSustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Barrier Question 4. What are the reasons that the Province of Ontario  may not implement policies, plans, and programs thatgive top priority to practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  SIMULTANEOUSLY a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? b lki li d i? Slide 29 of 39
  • 30. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi iSustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Barrier Question 5. What are the reasons that the Government of Canada  may not implement policies, plans, and programs that give top priority to practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? b lki li d i? Slide 30 of 39
  • 31. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi iSustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Solution Question 1. What are the ways to inspire citizens to SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reduce the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  private motor vehicles and b) Increase the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? Slide 31 of 39
  • 32. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi iSustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Solution Question 2. What are the ways to inspire corporations to SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reduce the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  private motor vehicles and b) Increase the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? Slide 32 of 39
  • 33. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi i Sustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Solution Question 3.What are the ways to inspire the City of Ottawa to implement  policies, plans, and programs that give top priority to li i l d th t i t i it t practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? by walking cycling and transit? Slide 33 of 39
  • 34. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi i Sustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Solution Question 4.What are the ways to inspire the Province of Ontario to implement  policies, plans, and programs that give top priority to li i l d th t i t i it t practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? by walking cycling and transit? Slide 34 of 39
  • 35. Questions about Barriers to Achieving a   Q ti b t B i t A hi i Sustainable Transportation Action Agenda  Solution Question 5.What are the ways to inspire the Government of Canada to implement  policies, plans, and programs that give top priority to li i l d th t i t i it t practicing sustainable transportation by SIMULTANEOUSLY  a) Reducing the number of trips made by  private motor vehicles, and  b) Increasing the number of trips made by walking, cycling, and transit? by walking cycling and transit? Slide 35 of 39
  • 36. Again, Why “Inspiring”?  A i Wh “I i i ”?Because, based on the record of the past 35 years, informing Canadian citizens, corporations, and governments about the ABCs of sustainable transport through facts and logic has proven to be at best a ‘baby step’ way of effecting change.As a result, and by ways yet unknown to me, it seems that we need to INSPIREour citizens, corporations, and governments to move Practice Sustainable Transport from the To Do List to the top of the Doing List. NOW!Today, Summit attendees are asked for words of wisdom, guidance, and motivation to inspire a sustainable transportation transformation across Ottawa, Ontario, and beyond. Slide 36 of 39
  • 37. Closing Comment Cl i C tCongratulations to MPP Yasir Naqvi for creating the Sustainable Community Summit, and to the Summit participants who care enough about their community to put achieving greater sustainability at the very top of their To Do Lists. May numerous others join us in common cause.  Slide 37 of 39
  • 38. Let the Inspiring BeginL t th I i i B i Slide 38 of 39
  • 39. Note about Barry Wellar N t b tB W ll Barry Wellar has been engaged in community affairs since the early 1970s.  Barry Wellar has been engaged in community affairs since the early 1970s. Information about his academic, research, public service, and consulting activities can  be found at various websites, including: wellarconsulting.com; transport2000.ca;  slideshare.net; urbanneighbourhoods.ca; http://www.geomatics.uottawa.ca/; and ld h b hb h d h // / d urisa.org. In addition, a Google search for B. Wellar and Barry Wellar will yield a  number of results. AcknowledgementThanks to Sam Herold, Technical Advisor, Information Research Board (IRB) for hisassistance in preparing this presentation. Slide 39 of 39

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