Beyond New Urbanism


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Steps to a sustainable city.

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Beyond New Urbanism

  1. 1. Beyond the New Urbanism - City Regeneration Reviving Meaning & Purpose Countering Declining Reconceptualize Thinning Space Birthrates Gathering & Creating Technologies, Tools & Expertise The Meta-Industrial Village Building the Template for Sustainable Cities of the Future
  2. 2. 2006 2060 48 Million 28 Million 2100 2160 10 Million 2 Million
  4. 4. It is not only Korea, accelerating rates of S change have impacted most of the planet. I A N In mathematics, the point where the value of an otherwise finite H G 400,000,000 and continuous function becomes infinite is called a quot;singularity, the point where all mathematical modelling breaks down. U E 300,000,000 L A 200,000,000 A R 100,000,000 I D ? T 0 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 Y
  5. 5. Psychological Fixation Blocks Creativity & Vision Making it hard to adapt to such rapid change Examples of Functional Fixedness: • Using steam to pump water to water wheels instead of driving the mill directly • Including buggy whip holders on the first automobiles • Constraining computer mediated communications to function like regular mail. • Using multi media to produce interactive Books and Movies or otherwise emulate existing media. • Comparing Cyberspace to the Interstate Highway System Familiar Metaphors encourage Functional Fixedness
  6. 6. An Equally Big Revolution in City Planning
  7. 7. Some Crocuses in the Snow Signs of the Coming Spring Season of Sustainability • Dongtan Worlds first Sustainable City • Cntr Interactive Research on Sustainability • Holcim Fnd for Sustainable Construction • World Business Council on Sustainable Dev • Greenest Skyscraper in the World?? • World Resources Defense Council • DestiNY Eco Mega-Mall
  8. 8. Dongtan - world’s first sustainable city “Dongtan potentially represents a ‘seismic shift’ in urban development. But, this isn’t Utopia. It will use existing or near-market technologies.” Peter Head, ARUP
  9. 9. Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability The University of British Columbia in Vancouver is developing what has been hailed as the most environmentally innovative and high performance building in North America. The Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability will occupy three floors, and provide 120,000 square feet of quot;living laboratoryquot; where not only sustainable research will be conducted, but the building's effectiveness as a sustainable working environment will be actively analyzed.
  10. 10. Holcim Foundation for Sustainable Construction Holcim Awards highlight sustainable construction projects and illustrate innovative solutions and technologies around the world. It is the mission of the Holcim Foundation to select and support initiatives that combine sustainable construction solutions with architectural quality and enhanced quality of life beyond technical solutions. The Holcim Foundation intends to encourage sustainable responses to the technological, environmental, socio-economic and cultural issues affecting building and construction.
  11. 11. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is forming an alliance of leading global companies to determine how buildings can be designed and constructed so that they: • Use no energy from external power grids, • Are carbon neutral, and • Built & operated at fair market values. []
  12. 12. Greenest Skyscraper in the World ? When the new Bank of America building, designed by Cook + Fox Architects, is completed at One Bryant place in midtown New York - it will be the first skyscraper ever to attain a Platinum LEED * accreditation. And since Platinum is the best you can get out of the four-tiered LEED system, it means that this will be the greenest skyscraper in the world. * Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
  13. 13. Early Adoptor The Natural Resources Defense Council's Washington, DC- based Eco-Office is one example of a green building whose innovative architectural and engineering features help cut energy consumption by 50 percent.
  14. 14. DestiNY Eco-Mega Mall - Syracuse NY • 44 MW of wind power “America’s ‘Apollo • 120 MW from biodiesel and biomass Project’ for • 32 MW of solar electricity renewable energy” • 28 MW of electricity from fuel cells
  15. 15. Technology to Power the Future • Green Roofs, & Living Walls • Solar Stirling Generators • Wave Energy Conversion • Wind Power Turbines
  16. 16. Green Roof Systems and City Sky Bridges
  17. 17. Insulating Indoors, Filtering Outdoors, Permaculture Infrastructure
  18. 18. Living Walls and Wetparks for Grey Water Purification The current system of wastewater management severely restricts the possibility of nutrient recycling. The bigger constraint evolves when the wastewater from toilets that contains a high quantity of organic material and nutrients (urine and faeces) is mixed with grey water (from washing, dish, bath water and the like), which contains fairly low amounts.
  19. 19. Solar Stirling Gen Sets 3 X more energy Density than Photovoltaics
  20. 20. Wave Energy Conversion
  21. 21. Wind Power ..................... If 10% of the world’s power came from wind, it would cut CO2 emissions by one billion UNDP tonnes a year UK Secretary of State Peter Hain has suggested that starting in 2008, all new homes built will include solar panels, wind turbines, or some other form of micro-generation.
  22. 22. Many Varieties of Wind Power Technology
  23. 23. Human/Organizational Challenges • The Hanover Principles • Focus on Meaning & Purpose • SOCBED (Self Organizing Community-Based Economic Development • Convolving Space & Cyberspace • Lessons for U City
  24. 24. The Hannover Principles of Sustainable Development by William McDonough 1. Insist on rights of humanity and nature to co-exist in a healthy, supportive, diverse and sustainable condition. 2. Recognize interdependence. The elements of human design interact with and depend upon the natural world, with broad and diverse implications at every scale. Expand design considerations to recognizing even distant effects. 3. Respect relationships between spirit and matter. Consider all aspects of human settlement including community, dwelling, industry and trade in terms of existing and evolving connections between spiritual and material consciousness. 4. Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being, the viability of natural systems, and their right to co-exist. 5. Create safe objects of long-term value. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance of vigilant administration of potential danger due to the careless creation of products, processes or standards. 6. Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products and processes, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste. 7. Rely on natural energy flows. Human designs should, like the living world, derive their creative forces from perpetual solar income. Incorporate the energy efficiently and safely for responsible use. 8. Understand the limitations of design. No human creation lasts forever and design does not solve all problems. Those who create and plan should practice humility in the face of nature. Treat nature as a model and mentor, not and inconvenience to be evaded or controlled. 9. Seek constant improvement by the sharing of knowledge. Encourage direct and open communication between colleagues, patrons, manufacturers and users to link long term sustainable considerations with ethical responsibility, and re-establish the integral relationship between natural processes and human activity.
  25. 25. Refocus on Human Meaning & Purpose Broaden the bandwidth of communication technology to encourage emergent communication & organization styles
  26. 26. Abraham Maslow’s Self Actualization Hierachy of Needs Is Not An End Point But a Self Renewing Drive A Humanistic Guide to Homo Digitalis From Survival to Self Actualization A Template for specifying design parameters for new technologies to ensure the emergence of Humanism in the Digital World.
  27. 27. Cultivating the Network of Minds • Learning Community/ Appreciative Systems • Storytelling - Indigenous Wisdom • Transpersonal & Quantum Metaphors • Multi-Spectral Work Place Environments • T. Autonomous Zones
  28. 28. Cultivating the Mind of the Network • Self Org. Community Based Economic Dev. • Social Network Agents • Active Packets - Beneficial Viruses • Convolving Cyber and Physical Spaces • Serious Games...
  29. 29. Emerging Maps of Ubiquitous Convolved Cyber-Space Fully Convolved MetaVerse A visual taxonomy of different modes of communication and interaction created by designer Nathan Shedroff
  30. 30. Cultivating Emergent Business Models • Maruyama’s Morpho- Genetic Joint Ventures • Open Source- Cathedral & the Bazaar, Clue Train Manifesto • Temporary Autonomous Zones as Incubators • Positive Sum Serious Games, Increasing Returns
  31. 31. SOCBED Research Methodology Self Organizing Community Based Economic Development A Participatory Futures WayFinders Cybercafe & Community Visioning Center A learning community action research experiment in Maui, Hawaii. Starring the Ke Ala Hoku children’s Vision for Hawaii’s Future.
  32. 32. Lessons for U-City & New City • Provide a real life laboratory for policy experimentation. • Add synergy and value to existing projects • Act as an incentive for participation in existing projects • Serve to focus public dialogue, participation and quot;buy inquot; to resulting new policies • Be more likely to incubate new social inventions • Allow for flexible and rapid transitions to national policies
  33. 33. “The way forward is paradoxically to look not ahead but to look around” - John Seeley Brown
  34. 34. Dawn of a New Era “We find ourselves at the end of one era, and not yet at the beginning of a new one. We are the citizens of closing times, and this makes us pioneers of opening time, bridge builders and architects, the ones who will make it happen. “ - Jean Houston