Development plane of urban transportation in Malaysia
This project study some cities in Malaysiain terms of public transport system and itsproperties, the disadvantages and thebenefits, as well as try to propose solutionsto improve the transport system andincrease its efficiency.
We are going to discuss:the urban transportation facilities like : project review Urban transportation study Urban Public transportation Solutions of urban transportation problems ITS Financial analysis.
Nilai3Nilai 3 is a town located in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Due to its proximity,and connection through the KTM to Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya,and Kuala Lumpur International Airport,it is a rapidly growing town, development projects canbe seen as one drives around Nilai.Area of Nilai reach to (165ha) which represents the country’s largest wholesale center
Absence of bus stations and Taxi Terminal .Bus stop Condition.the lack of parking places for the public near UKM Komuter.
Kajang city 1-Kajang was made the capital of one ofSelangors districts, Hulu Langat in the 1800s because of it being in the districts center2. It is located 21 kilometers (13 mi) from of Malaysias capital
Transportation in kajang :• Kajang is well connected with many major highway and expressway like Kajang Dispersal Link Expressway as a ring road of kajang …etc• to the City’s local and national profile . In Kajang, there are two stations.• 1-Kajang train station or KTM Kajang which is located in jalan Bukit• 2- bus station in Pusat Hentian Kajang
ktm station in kajang :• The Kajang railway station is a Malaysian railway station located near the town of Kajang, Selangor. The station is situated 1 km south from Kajangs town centre.
Putrajaya is a planned city, located 25km south of Kuala Lumpur, that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat ofgovernment was shifted in 1999 fromKuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, due to the overcrowding and congestion in the Kuala Lumpur areas.
• Is one of the most beautiful mosques in Malaysia. Located on Lake Putra Jaya in Kuala Lumpur synthetic and can accommodate more than 15 thousand worshipers, has been completed in the year 1999.•
Transportation in putujaya• Putrajaya Sentral is the main public tranportation hub of Putrajaya. It is a smaller version of Puduraya Station in Kuala Lumpur. Located at the west side of Putrajaya, this is the place where public transportation from other parts of Selangor stop. The Express Rail Link that links KLIA to KL Sentral has a station here.
Major highways in Putrajaya• Persiaran Persekutuan• Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah• Persiaran Utara• Lebuh Sentosa• Persiaran Barat• Persiaran Selatan• Persiaran Timur• Persiaran Perdana
Generally, public transportation is one of themost important part of urban transportationdivision that are available now in Malaysia.the existing public transport services consistof two main parts:1.Buses2.Trains
Estimate Trip Production and Attraction as Future Demand in 2020 : Zone Production Attraction 1 kajang 294,742 309,018 2 Bangi 309,018 79,787 3 Putrajaya 22,500 26,663 4 Seri putra 79,787 33,402 5 Nilai3 10,120 6,819 SUM 716,167 455,689 Average 585927.75
Production Attraction Zome Corr. Production Corr. Attraction kajang 241,141 397,338 Bangi 252,821 102,591Putrajaya 18,408 34,283Seri putra 65,277 42,949 Nilai3 8,280 8,768 SUM 585,928 585,928
Proposals for the development of transport system in the study area:Due to the estimated production and attraction for future demand in2020 we suggest apply some strategies like: Dissuasion:Although automobile circulation is permitted, it is impeded by regulationsand physical planning. For instance, parking space can be severely limitedand speed bumps placed to force speed reduction this is also an attempt toencourage public transport and reduce accidents.
Prohibition of downtown circulation : Automobile circulation is forbidden in the downtown area during most of the day but deliveries are permitted during the night.
Provide an efficient Toll gate to provide a smooth traffic flow and avoids traffic jam at Toll Gate.
Also we suggest construct HOV lanes. High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes insure that vehicles with more than 3 passengers (buses, vans, carpool, etc.) Have a lane of its own that can reduce congested lane, particularly during peak hours.
LRT System :Speed – up to 40 km/hr.2 – 6 couches per train.Capacity – up to 40,000 passengers /hr /direction. Acceleration / deceleration 1.2 m/s 2. Rail – 1000 or 1435mm gauge.Headway 120 s.Suitable for radial movement.For high density and high plot ratio area.Feeder bus service is required.Power supply: 750 V dc.Sub-station: 3 – 5 km spacing.
Guide way utilization factor = 0.75 Load factor = 0.9.To calculate possible range of head way (h) for LRT:Since:Where:Cp = Theoretical passenger line capacityassume= (27040) passengers/hr.α = guide way utilization factor (0.6) = load factor (0.9)n = vehicle per trainS = Maximum passenger per vehicleh = headway in second.
So: h=22.47*(n) N h 1 22.47 2 44.94 3 67.41 4 89.88 5 112.35 6 134.82 7 157.29 8 179.76
We suggest making new Bus Rapid Transit system as follows:
Finally We suggest take heavy vehicles out of CBD area to reduce the traffic and this can be done by applying the following strategies:1. Enforce existing laws on heavy vehicle restrictions andbus lanes.2. Transport terminals: Gombak ITT revival, intermodalterminals and city hubs for bus-rail linkages.