19th Century Latin America<br />Mid-Term Part 2<br />Sarah Williamson<br />
Independence Movement: 	Background<br />Political and Economic movement ending Spanish and Portugal rule over Latin Americ...
Independence Movement: Outcomes<br />Difficult Times:<br />		-Ill-prepared to function effectively<br />		- Underdeveloped...
Mid-Century :Economy<br />Technology improvements helped Economy:<br />		- Expansion on Export Trade<br />		- Steam Ships ...
Mid-Century:New Ideas<br />Enlightenment Ideas:<br />		- Emphasis on science and reason; 	Challenged political and social ...
British Influences:<br />British Trade Involvement:	<br />		- British government negotiated trading 	privileges in Brazil ...
British Influences:<br />British Trade Involvement:<br />		- British trade reached its peak between 	1870 and 1914<br />		...
19th Century Wars:	Spanish South America<br />Independence movement created tension:<br />		- People still claimed loyalty...
19th Century Wars:Mexico, Central America, & theCaribbean<br />Mexico:<br />	- Peninsulares desired stability in Mexico<br...
Mexico:<br />1910-1921: The Mexican revolution began soon after the re-election of Porfirio Díaz.<br />Another leading cau...
Mexico:<br />Mexico competed at the modern Olympic Games for the first time at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.<...
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Latin America Slides

  1. 1. 19th Century Latin America<br />Mid-Term Part 2<br />Sarah Williamson<br />
  2. 2. Independence Movement: Background<br />Political and Economic movement ending Spanish and Portugal rule over Latin America.<br /> Spanish:<br /> -Colonies stretched from Western U.S. and Mexico to Argentina<br /> - Independence Movement began in spanish territory.<br /> Portuguese: <br /> - Empire in Brazil<br />Reasons for Revolution:<br /> - New Political Enlightenment ideas<br /> -Colonists wanted personal control over economic and government issues<br />
  3. 3. Independence Movement: Outcomes<br />Difficult Times:<br /> -Ill-prepared to function effectively<br /> - Underdeveloped, no political foundation<br /> - Caused many arguments and wars amongst countries<br /> - Unsure of involvement of Catholic church<br />
  4. 4. Mid-Century :Economy<br />Technology improvements helped Economy:<br /> - Expansion on Export Trade<br /> - Steam Ships allowed for faster, more efficient trade with Europe and the U.S.<br /> - Ability to export livestock; such as cattle<br /> - These improvements brought new jobs in shipping, brokers and insurers<br />
  5. 5. Mid-Century:New Ideas<br />Enlightenment Ideas:<br /> - Emphasis on science and reason; Challenged political and social institutions<br /> - Modeled after the American and French Revolutions; demise of Monarchs and rise of independent/republican governments.<br /> - Questioned traditional beliefs and authority <br />
  6. 6. British Influences:<br />British Trade Involvement: <br /> - British government negotiated trading privileges in Brazil as a thank you for supporting for the Portuguese royal family during Napoleonic Wars<br /> - 1/3 of their trade was with Brazil<br /> -Britain possessed a dominant role in public finance, shipping, the import trade, export credit, railways, cables and telegraphs <br /> - Britain&apos;s main interests were in Peru, Chile and Uruguay, and many smaller investments<br />
  7. 7. British Influences:<br />British Trade Involvement:<br /> - British trade reached its peak between 1870 and 1914<br /> - Ended before the start of WWI<br /> - United States gained precedence in Latin America, pushing out European powers <br /> - Trade declined, and Britain&apos;s investments became unprofitable<br /> - Depression in Britain in 1930’s<br />
  8. 8. 19th Century Wars: Spanish South America<br />Independence movement created tension:<br /> - People still claimed loyalty to the king<br /> - Many military campaigns<br />-North: <br /> - Simon Bolivar : <br /> - Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia<br /> - FoughtagainstRoyalistforces<br /> -South:<br /> - Jose de San Martin : <br /> - Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, and Peru<br />
  9. 9. 19th Century Wars:Mexico, Central America, & theCaribbean<br />Mexico:<br /> - Peninsulares desired stability in Mexico<br /> - Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla: <br /> - Fought for Independence reform<br />Central America:<br /> - Under colonial rule<br /> - Part of the captaincy-general of Guatemala<br /> - Lead by GabinoGainza<br /> - Constitution of 1824 created a federation: United Provinces of Central America <br /> -Included: Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.<br />Caribbean:<br /> - Santo Domingo achieved independence before the end of the 19th century<br /> - Cuba and Puerto Rico remained under Spanish rule until 1898<br />
  10. 10. Mexico:<br />1910-1921: The Mexican revolution began soon after the re-election of Porfirio Díaz.<br />Another leading cause was the battle between those favoring secular society and separation of Church and State, against those favoring power in the hands of the Roman Catholic Church.<br />It is estimated that between 1910 and 1921 about 900,000 people died for the revolution.<br />
  11. 11. Mexico:<br />Mexico competed at the modern Olympic Games for the first time at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.<br />The period of 1900 to 1929 is pivotal in the formation of modern Mexico and its subsequent relationship with the United States.<br />

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