Crossroads Of Freedom


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Crossroads Of Freedom

  1. 1. CROSSROADS OF FREEDOM - ANTIETAM - Sarah Williamson Mid-Term Part 1
  2. 2. The Pendulum of War <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>- Feb. 6 1862, Grant led battle to open confederate river ways on Mississippi and Ohio rivers at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson (Kentucky-Tennessee Theater), this allowed Union troops to invade the heart of the confederacy by gunboat. </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederates fight back at Shiloh, surprise attack on Grant </li></ul><ul><li>- Union takes over New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>- The Peninsula Campaign – Johnston vs. McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>- Naval Bockades geographically split the confereracy in two the Union Troops could now attack from all sides. </li></ul><ul><li>- Media outburst in newspapers across North and South; North: High expectations, excited, ready for victory, South: heart broken, panic-stricken, despairing events. </li></ul><ul><li>- South urges British and French involvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union Generals were “soft” on the South. They did not want to fight the revolutionary war against slavery or for the free labor image. </li></ul><ul><li>- 1862 Union Congress initiated the Greenback Currency and war bonds – Lincoln needed $ </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Pendulum of War <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>- George B. McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, Army of the Potomac, “the young Napoleon, afraid to risk failure, accused with siding with South, came down with Typhoid fever </li></ul><ul><li>- Ulysses S. Grant: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, joined forces with McClellan, experienced past failure not afraid to take risks </li></ul><ul><li>- Robert E. Lee: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, risk taker </li></ul><ul><li>- Joseph E. Johnston: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General </li></ul>Ulysses S. Grant George B. McClellan
  4. 4. Taking Off the Kid Gloves <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>- Shendoah valley, Stonewall Jackson created a diversion in order for Lincoln to send reinforcements to the valley rather than to McClellan’s needs. Main victory was at Winchester May 25 th . </li></ul><ul><li>- The Seven Days Battles; Army of N. Virginia did most of the attacking, </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>- Stonewall is praised in the South, Confederate morale is boosted, most importantly was the wounding of Stonewall; replaced by Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li> - The Seven Days Battles; a Shock to the North, panic on Wallstreet, “nation is in most eventful crisis of history” </li></ul><ul><li>- North discovers that Southerners only possessions are their slaves, if slaves were taken away (freed) the south would fail. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>- Foreign policy considerations </li></ul><ul><li>- Mar. 13,1862; Lincoln signed legislation to abolish all slavery in the District of Colombia </li></ul>
  5. 5. Taking Off the Kid Gloves <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>- McClellan: </li></ul><ul><li>- Union General, Reinstated </li></ul><ul><li>- Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, Wounded in surprise attack in Valley. </li></ul><ul><li> - Robert E. Lee: </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate General, Failed previously during Civil War, reinstatement after Stonewall Jackson’s injury brought little excitement to South, “Granny Lee” </li></ul>Robert E. Lee Stonewall Jackson
  6. 6. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall1862, Confederate raids and invasions in the West, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Second Bull Run (Manassas) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing <ul><li>Military Figures : </li></ul><ul><li>- Lieutenant Isaac Newton Brown </li></ul><ul><li>- Buell </li></ul><ul><li>-Union </li></ul><ul><li>- Farragut </li></ul><ul><li>-Halleck </li></ul><ul><li>- Nathan Bedford Forrest </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>- John Hunt Morgan </li></ul><ul><li>-Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>-General Braxton Bragg </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederate </li></ul><ul><li>- Kirby Smith </li></ul><ul><li>- Confederate </li></ul>
  8. 8. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Showdown at Sharpsburg <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Battles: </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Beginning of the End <ul><li>Military Figures: </li></ul>