OBJECTIVE To understand: Definition of disaster Types of disasters Need for Disaster Management Disaster Management Cycle Importance of Disaster Control Action Plan.
Definition of Disaster
It is a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which far exceeds our ability to recover.
An unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.
An unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind.
TypesofDisasters NATURAL Earthquakes Hurricanes Floods Extreme Temperatures etc… ACCIDENTAL Negligence of worker Failure of Devices Emissions of Hazardous Material. etc….
Purpose of Disaster Management Prevent human lives and property Remain prepared for prevention of Disasters Rapid control and containment of hazardous situation Minimize the risk and impact of an accident on environment. Ensure effective rehabilitation of the affected employees To arrange disaster management and awareness training program.
Causes of Industrial Disaster Inappropriate or inadequate design Malfunction of process controls / safety devices Human and organizational error (Communication gap, mix up hazardous material, operator error etc…) Natural factors Act of negligence …………………..
Key Elements of Disaster Action Plan Nature of product Chemicals Petroleum & its by products Manufacturing Process Location of the Industry Plant & office layout Installation of detection equipment such as fire alarms, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers etc. Materials handling & storage Employees ‘ preparedness
Disaster Management Cycle Disaster Phase
Disaster Control Action Plan On Site emergency plan: Emergency Training Risk Involved Medical Facilities Emergency Equipments Conveyance Systems Notification & Comm. procd. Safety Training On-Site Emergency Plan Rehearsal Off Site Emergency Plan: Emergency Actions Communication Evacuation/ Sheltering
Industrial Accidents Bhopal Gas tragedy (1984): (leakage of gas methyl isocyanate-mic) Human error & compromise on safety Gulf Coast of the United States: Spillage of crude oil Effective emergency plan and immediate reaction & implementation
Natural Disasters Over 85 killed, 10000 hit by Leh flash floods Katrina Hurricane (USA) Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States (1836 people were affected) With effective measures they have successfully mitigated the loss. Floods in Pakistan (14 million people suffered) Lack of emergency plans
Importance of Disaster management plan Safety training to employees Creating awareness among employees about safety equipments Precautionary measures in case of natural disasters Back up plans in case failure of main plan 24/7 emergency committee/safety committee Conclusions