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Disaster mgt

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  • 1. INDUSTRIALDISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • 2. OBJECTIVE
    To understand:
    Definition of disaster
    Types of disasters
    Need for Disaster Management
    Disaster Management Cycle
    Importance of Disaster Control Action Plan.
  • 3. Definition of Disaster
    • It is a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which far exceeds our ability to recover.
    • 4. An unexpected natural or man-made catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or sometimes permanent change to the natural environment.
    • 5. An unforeseen event causing great loss, upset or unpleasantness of whatever kind.
  • TypesofDisasters
    NATURAL
    Earthquakes
    Hurricanes
    Floods
    Extreme Temperatures
    etc…
    ACCIDENTAL
    Negligence of worker
    Failure of Devices
    Emissions of Hazardous
    Material.
    etc….
  • 6. Purpose of Disaster Management
    Prevent human lives and property
    Remain prepared for prevention of Disasters
    Rapid control and containment of hazardous situation
    Minimize the risk and impact of an accident on environment.
    Ensure effective rehabilitation of the affected employees
    To arrange disaster management and awareness training program.
  • 7. Causes of Industrial Disaster
    Inappropriate or inadequate design
    Malfunction of process controls / safety devices
    Human and organizational error (Communication gap, mix up hazardous material, operator error etc…)
    Natural factors
    Act of negligence
    …………………..
  • 8. Key Elements of Disaster Action Plan
    Nature of product
    Chemicals
    Petroleum & its by products
    Manufacturing Process
    Location of the Industry
    Plant & office layout
    Installation of detection equipment such as fire alarms, smoke detectors, fire extinguishers etc.
    Materials handling & storage
    Employees ‘ preparedness
  • 9. Disaster Management Cycle
    Disaster Phase
  • 10. Disaster Control Action Plan
    On Site emergency plan:
    Emergency Training
    Risk Involved
    Medical Facilities
    Emergency Equipments
    Conveyance Systems
    Notification & Comm. procd.
    Safety Training
    On-Site Emergency Plan
    Rehearsal
    Off Site Emergency Plan:
    Emergency Actions
    Communication
    Evacuation/ Sheltering
  • 11. Industrial Accidents
    Bhopal Gas tragedy (1984):
    (leakage of gas methyl isocyanate-mic)
    Human error & compromise on safety
    Gulf Coast of the United States:
    Spillage of crude oil
    Effective emergency plan and immediate reaction &
    implementation
  • 12. Natural Disasters
    Over 85 killed, 10000 hit by Leh flash floods
    Katrina Hurricane (USA)
    Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States (1836 people were affected)
    With effective measures they have successfully mitigated the loss.
    Floods in Pakistan
    (14 million people suffered)
    Lack of emergency plans
  • 13. Importance of Disaster management plan
    Safety training to employees
    Creating awareness among employees about safety equipments
    Precautionary measures in case of natural disasters
    Back up plans in case failure of main plan
    24/7 emergency committee/safety committee
    Conclusions
  • 14. Thankyou….!