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Chemical disasters


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information of the bhopal disaster on december 3 1984

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Chemical disasters

  2. 2. DEFINITION OF CHEMICAL ACCIDENT  The terms “chemical accident” refer to an event resulting in the release of a substance or substances hazardous to human health and/or the environment in the short or long term. Such events include fires, explosions, leakages or releases of toxics or hazardous materials that can cause people illness, injury, disability or death.
  3. 3. PRECAUTIONAL STEPS TAKEN CARE :-  Find out whether the industrial units close to your city use hazardous chemicals  Find out if the local administration has emergency plans to deal with industrial accidents  Find out about the antidotes needed in case of poisoning of people, animals, water resources, etc., and their availability  Find out from hospitals, if they are capable of handling cases of exposure to chemicals  Keep a chart of do’s and don’ts in case of a chemical disaster
  4. 4. BACKGROUND OF THE BHOPAL DISASTER  What happened at the Bhopal Disaster?  45 tons of methyl isocyanate (MIC) escaped from 2 underground storage tanks at a Union Carbide pesticide plant. o When it happened?  December 3,1984 o Where did it occur?  Bhopal , India
  5. 5. THE BHOPAL DISASTER- INTRODUCTION  The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered one of the world's worst industrial disasters.  It occurred on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.  Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocynated gas and other chemicals.
  6. 6. THE BHOPAL DISASTER  In the early hours of Dec 3, 1984, a chemical factory in Bhopal leaked a highly toxic cloud of methyl isocyanate onto the densely populated city.  This factory belonged to Union Carbide , a multinational company based in USA.  Of 8,00,000 people living in Bhopal at the time 2,000 died immediately, 300,000 were injured and as many 8,000 have died since.
  7. 7. THE BHOPAL DISASTER  The leak was caused by a series of mechanical and human errors.  A portion of the safety equipment at the plant had been non operational for 4 months and rest failed.  The city health officials had not been informed of the toxicity of the chemicals used at the union carbide factory.  There were no emergency plans or procedure in the place and no knowledge of how to deal with the poisonous cloud .  A series of studies made 5 years later showed that many of the survivors were still suffering from various related
  10. 10. CONCLUSION The bhopal disaster Is one of the worst industrial accidents in history.