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Presentation Topic;
1
Department of
Psychology
First Batch 2016
M.Sc. 3rd semester
AWKUM
Presentation Group;
*Umar Zada .
*Najam Karim .
*Aamna Khan .
*Javeria Elahi .
*Sumbal Gul .
To Ma'am, Bishma Nadeem .
TOPICS TO BE PRESENTED
1.What is Disaster & hazard?
2.Types of Disasters & explanation
3 Disaster Management & Disaster Management techniques
5.Types of Disaster Management & case study
6.Types of Disaster Management technique
7 Phases of Disaster
8. Our views to control disaster
9.Disaster Reports
10.Conclusion
What is Disaster & what is Disaster Management ?
Etymology
Originated from Greek
dus = bad aster = star
4
What is disaster ?
A sudden accident or a natural catastrophe
that causes great damage or loss of life.
What is disaster management ?
Organization and management of
resources and responsibilities for dealing
with all humanitarian aspects of
emergencies, in particular preparedness,
response and recovery in order to lessen
the impact of disasters.
Introduction to Disaster
 Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological
disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of
health and health services on a scale, sufficient
to warrant an extraordinary response from
outside the affected community or area.(WHO)
A disaster can be defined as an occurrence
either natural or man made that causes human
suffering and creates human needs that victim
cannot alleviate without assistance.
Hazard
 Any phenomenon that has the potential to
cause disruption or damage to people and
their environment.
 When hazard involves elements of risks,
vulnerabilities and capacities, they can turn
into disasters.
 Hazards may be inevitable but disasters can
be prevented.

“A hazard is natural event while the disaster is its
consequence. A hazard is perceived natural event which
threatens both life and property…… A disaster is a
realization of this hazard.”
-John Whittow
Vulnerability
The propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard.
Types of Disasters
Man-made
disasters
Natural
disaster
Meteorological
Disasters
• Floods
• Tsunami
• Cyclone
• Hurricane
• Typhoon
• Snow storm
• Blizzard
• Hail storm
Topographical
Disasters
• Earthquake
• Volcanic
Eruptions
• Landslides
and
Avalanches
• Asteroids
• Limnic
eruptions
Environmental
Disasters
• Global
warming
• El Niño-
Southern
Oscillation
• Ozone
depletion-
UVB
Radiation
• Solar flare
10
Visage Disaster (HUDHUD)
Hudhud originated from a low pressure system that
formed under the influence of an upper-air cyclonic
circulation in the Andaman Sea on October 6.
Hudhud intensified into a cyclonic storm on October
8 and as a Severe Cyclonic Storm on October 9.
Hudhud caused extensive damage to the city of
Visakhapatnam and the neighboring districts
of Vizianagaram and Srikakulam of Andhra
Pradesh. According to Andhra Pradesh’s Revenue
(Disaster Management) Department, a total of
2,48,004 people were affected by Hudhud, which
also damaged 70 houses and left 34 animals dead
Management Technique :
Using the Technology
Technological
• Transport
failure
• Public place
failure
• Fire
Industrial
• Chemical
spills
• Radioactive
spills
Warfare
• War
• Terrorism
• Internal
conflicts
• Civil unrest
• CBRNE
12
Hiroshima & Nagasaki Issue
The United States, with the consent of
the United Kingdom as laid down in
the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear
weapons on the Japanese cities
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945,
during the final stage of World War II. The
two bombings, which killed at least
129,000 people
The "Tinian Joint Chiefs":
Captain William S. Parsons
(left), Rear Admiral William R.
Purnell (center), and Brigadier
General Thomas F. Farrell
(right)
Disaster Management
can be defined as the
organization and management
of resources and
responsibilities for dealing with
all humanitarian aspects of
emergencies, in
particular preparedness,
response and recovery in order
to lessen the impact of
disasters.
Disaster Management
The body of policy and administrative decisions
and operational activities that pertain to various
stages of a disaster at all levels.
An applied science which seeks, by
systemic observation and analysis of disasters,
to improve measures relating to prevention,
emergency response, recovery and mitigation.
Encompasses all aspects of
planning for, and responding to disasters,
including both pre and post disaster activities.
Disaster Management
A continuous and integrated process of
planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing
measures which are necessary or expedient for-
● Prevention of danger or threat of any disaster.
● Reduction of risk
● of any disaster or its severity or consequences.
● Capacity-building.
● Preparedness to deal with any disaster.
● Prompt response to any threatening disaster situation
or disaster.
● Assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any
disaster.
● Evacuation, rescue and relief.
● Rehabilitation and reconstruction.
PHASES OF DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
* Disaster Prevention
* Disaster Preparedness
* Disaster Impact
* Disaster Response
* Disaster Recovery
* Disaster Mitigation
* Disaster Rehabilitation
Disaster Management Phases,
prepare communities with the knowledge and resources to
protect themselves from harm and to manage the response
and recovery stages.
Prevention and preparedness identifies potential risks and
the actions that can be taken before a disaster event in order
to reduce its impact.
Response to a disaster event must be swift and effective to
combat the disaster, to assist those affected by it and to make
the area safe.
While the effects of a disaster can be sudden,
the recovery period can place significant long-term strain on a
community.
A disaster stricken community needs assistance to regain a
proper level of functioning following a disaster.
Types of Disaster management
Pre-Disaster
management
Management during Disaster
Post-Disaster management
Types of Disaster management technique
1. Continuous monitoring
2. Not harming existing natural
resources
3. Other techniques
Phases of Disaster
Prevention
It focuses on preventing the human hazard, primarily from
potential natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Preventive
measures are taken on both the domestic and international
levels, designed to provide permanent protection from
disasters. Not all disasters, particularly natural disasters, can be
prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated
with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design
standards. In January 2005, 167 Governments adopted a 10-
year global plan for natural disaster risk reduction called the
Hyogo Framework.[citation needed]
Preventing or reducing the impacts of disasters on our
communities is a key focus for emergency management efforts
today. Prevention and mitigation also help reduce the financial
costs of disaster response and recovery. Public Safety Canada
is working with provincial and territorial governments and
stakeholders to promote disaster prevention and mitigation
using a risk-based and all-hazards approach. In 2008,
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers endorsed a National
Disaster Mitigation Strategy
Mitigation
Preventive or mitigation measures take different
forms for different types of disasters. In
earthquake prone areas, these preventive
measures might include structural changes such
as the installation of an earthquake valve to
instantly shut off the natural gas supply, seismic
retrofits of property, and the securing of items
inside a building. The latter may include the
mounting of furniture, refrigerators, water heaters
and breakables to the walls, and the addition of
cabinet latches. In flood prone areas, houses
can be built on poles/stilts. In areas prone to
prolonged electricity black-outs installation of a
generator ensures continuation of electrical
service. The construction of storm cellars and
Disaster Preparedness
Co-ordination of a variety of sectors to carry out-
Evaluation of the risk.
Adopt standards and regulations.
Organize communication and response
mechanism.
Ensure all resources- ready and easily
mobilized.
Develop public education programs.
Coordinate information with news media.
Disaster simulation exercises.
Disaster Response
Immediate reaction to disaster as the
disaster is anticipated, or soon after it begins in
order to assess the needs, reduce the suffering,
limit the spread and consequences of the
disaster, open up the way to rehabilitation.
By-
Mass evacuation
Search and rescue
Emergency medical services
Securing food and water
Maintenance of Law & Order
Responding to disasters
Disasters impact on entire communities. The immediate
effects include loss of life and damage to property and
infrastructure, with the survivors (some of whom may
have been injured in the disaster) traumatized by the
experience, uncertain of the future and less able to
provide for their own welfare, at least in the short term.
More than likely, they are left without adequate shelter,
food, water and other necessities to sustain life. Rapid
action is required to prevent further loss of life.
crisis to recovery
Recovery refers to those programmes which go
beyond the provision of immediate relief to assist
those who have suffered the full impact of a
disaster to rebuild their homes, lives and
services and to strengthen their capacity to cope
with future disasters.
Our views to control some disasters
Control of disaster by using advanced technology
Accidents informer
Traffic controller
Control of plane crashes
A BRICK that helps in tolerating
EARTHQUAKE
Our views to control some disasters
Control of fire accidents like gas leaks & short
circuitsWe can use gas & smoke sensors for any gas leak
happens
It can detect upto 100 meters
long
Fire
sensor
Disaster Reports
World Disaster reduction day is celebrated on 2nd
Wednesday of October
Disater reports highlight disaster management activities undertaken during
the relevant financial year together with details of disaster operations and
information about priorities for disaster management.
Protection of human lives is the main motto of the
World Disaster reduction by 2015
Total number of Disasters up to 2015 is <5000
conclusion
Reference
Documents available:
http://www.dmintl.org/
•Disaster Management: Strategy and Coordination (MAA00029) - Global Plan 2010-2011
•International Federation policies | en español | en français
Useful links:
•UN Millennium Development Goals | en español | en français
1. "Maine Emergency Management Agency" (2007). "What is Emergency Management?". Retrieved 2014-02-22.
2.Jump up^ Drabek, Thomas (1991). Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.:
International City Management Association. pp. xvii.
3.Jump up^ NEWS: Pakistan's Punjab builds model villages to withstand disasters, Climate & Development Knowledge Network, 17
December 2013.
4.Jump up^ Simonovic, Slobodan. "Flood Mitigation Efforts in the Red River Basin" (PDF). www.iclr.org. The Institute of Catastrophic Loss
Reduction. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
5.Jump up^ "Animals in Disasters". Training.fema.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
6.Jump up^ Baird, Malcolm E. (2010). "The "Phases" of Emergency Management" (PDF). Vanderbilt Center for Transportation Research.
Retrieved 2015-03-08.
7.Jump up^ "Building Science". fema.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
8.Jump up^ "Rand Homeland Security" (PDF). Rand.org. Retrieved 2015-03-08.
9.Jump up^ "Public Health Emergency Preparedness Cooperative Agreement" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-08.
10.Jump up^ "US Environmental Protection Agency | US EPA". .epa.gov. 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2015-03-08.
11.Jump up^ "The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act" (PDF). Epa.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-08.
12.Jump up^ "Masuring Progress in Chemical Safety : A Guide for Local Emergency Planning Committees and Similar Groups" (PDF).
Epa.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-0
Presented by:
*Umar Zada .
*Najam Karim .
*Amna Khan .
*Javeria Elahi .
*Sumbal Gul .
.
For Listening
Under supervision of
My teachers…..
ANY Question…..?

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International Management Of Disaster

  • 1. Presentation Topic; 1 Department of Psychology First Batch 2016 M.Sc. 3rd semester AWKUM
  • 2. Presentation Group; *Umar Zada . *Najam Karim . *Aamna Khan . *Javeria Elahi . *Sumbal Gul . To Ma'am, Bishma Nadeem .
  • 3. TOPICS TO BE PRESENTED 1.What is Disaster & hazard? 2.Types of Disasters & explanation 3 Disaster Management & Disaster Management techniques 5.Types of Disaster Management & case study 6.Types of Disaster Management technique 7 Phases of Disaster 8. Our views to control disaster 9.Disaster Reports 10.Conclusion
  • 4. What is Disaster & what is Disaster Management ? Etymology Originated from Greek dus = bad aster = star 4 What is disaster ? A sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life. What is disaster management ? Organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
  • 5. Introduction to Disaster  Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services on a scale, sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area.(WHO) A disaster can be defined as an occurrence either natural or man made that causes human suffering and creates human needs that victim cannot alleviate without assistance.
  • 6. Hazard  Any phenomenon that has the potential to cause disruption or damage to people and their environment.  When hazard involves elements of risks, vulnerabilities and capacities, they can turn into disasters.  Hazards may be inevitable but disasters can be prevented.  “A hazard is natural event while the disaster is its consequence. A hazard is perceived natural event which threatens both life and property…… A disaster is a realization of this hazard.” -John Whittow
  • 7. Vulnerability The propensity of things to be damaged by a hazard.
  • 9.
  • 10. Meteorological Disasters • Floods • Tsunami • Cyclone • Hurricane • Typhoon • Snow storm • Blizzard • Hail storm Topographical Disasters • Earthquake • Volcanic Eruptions • Landslides and Avalanches • Asteroids • Limnic eruptions Environmental Disasters • Global warming • El Niño- Southern Oscillation • Ozone depletion- UVB Radiation • Solar flare 10
  • 11. Visage Disaster (HUDHUD) Hudhud originated from a low pressure system that formed under the influence of an upper-air cyclonic circulation in the Andaman Sea on October 6. Hudhud intensified into a cyclonic storm on October 8 and as a Severe Cyclonic Storm on October 9. Hudhud caused extensive damage to the city of Visakhapatnam and the neighboring districts of Vizianagaram and Srikakulam of Andhra Pradesh. According to Andhra Pradesh’s Revenue (Disaster Management) Department, a total of 2,48,004 people were affected by Hudhud, which also damaged 70 houses and left 34 animals dead Management Technique : Using the Technology
  • 12. Technological • Transport failure • Public place failure • Fire Industrial • Chemical spills • Radioactive spills Warfare • War • Terrorism • Internal conflicts • Civil unrest • CBRNE 12
  • 13. Hiroshima & Nagasaki Issue The United States, with the consent of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of World War II. The two bombings, which killed at least 129,000 people The "Tinian Joint Chiefs": Captain William S. Parsons (left), Rear Admiral William R. Purnell (center), and Brigadier General Thomas F. Farrell (right)
  • 14. Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
  • 15. Disaster Management The body of policy and administrative decisions and operational activities that pertain to various stages of a disaster at all levels. An applied science which seeks, by systemic observation and analysis of disasters, to improve measures relating to prevention, emergency response, recovery and mitigation. Encompasses all aspects of planning for, and responding to disasters, including both pre and post disaster activities.
  • 16. Disaster Management A continuous and integrated process of planning, organizing, coordinating and implementing measures which are necessary or expedient for- ● Prevention of danger or threat of any disaster. ● Reduction of risk ● of any disaster or its severity or consequences. ● Capacity-building. ● Preparedness to deal with any disaster. ● Prompt response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. ● Assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any disaster. ● Evacuation, rescue and relief. ● Rehabilitation and reconstruction.
  • 17. PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT * Disaster Prevention * Disaster Preparedness * Disaster Impact * Disaster Response * Disaster Recovery * Disaster Mitigation * Disaster Rehabilitation
  • 18. Disaster Management Phases, prepare communities with the knowledge and resources to protect themselves from harm and to manage the response and recovery stages. Prevention and preparedness identifies potential risks and the actions that can be taken before a disaster event in order to reduce its impact. Response to a disaster event must be swift and effective to combat the disaster, to assist those affected by it and to make the area safe. While the effects of a disaster can be sudden, the recovery period can place significant long-term strain on a community. A disaster stricken community needs assistance to regain a proper level of functioning following a disaster.
  • 19. Types of Disaster management Pre-Disaster management Management during Disaster Post-Disaster management
  • 20. Types of Disaster management technique 1. Continuous monitoring 2. Not harming existing natural resources 3. Other techniques
  • 22. Prevention It focuses on preventing the human hazard, primarily from potential natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Preventive measures are taken on both the domestic and international levels, designed to provide permanent protection from disasters. Not all disasters, particularly natural disasters, can be prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards. In January 2005, 167 Governments adopted a 10- year global plan for natural disaster risk reduction called the Hyogo Framework.[citation needed] Preventing or reducing the impacts of disasters on our communities is a key focus for emergency management efforts today. Prevention and mitigation also help reduce the financial costs of disaster response and recovery. Public Safety Canada is working with provincial and territorial governments and stakeholders to promote disaster prevention and mitigation using a risk-based and all-hazards approach. In 2008, Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers endorsed a National Disaster Mitigation Strategy
  • 23. Mitigation Preventive or mitigation measures take different forms for different types of disasters. In earthquake prone areas, these preventive measures might include structural changes such as the installation of an earthquake valve to instantly shut off the natural gas supply, seismic retrofits of property, and the securing of items inside a building. The latter may include the mounting of furniture, refrigerators, water heaters and breakables to the walls, and the addition of cabinet latches. In flood prone areas, houses can be built on poles/stilts. In areas prone to prolonged electricity black-outs installation of a generator ensures continuation of electrical service. The construction of storm cellars and
  • 24. Disaster Preparedness Co-ordination of a variety of sectors to carry out- Evaluation of the risk. Adopt standards and regulations. Organize communication and response mechanism. Ensure all resources- ready and easily mobilized. Develop public education programs. Coordinate information with news media. Disaster simulation exercises.
  • 25. Disaster Response Immediate reaction to disaster as the disaster is anticipated, or soon after it begins in order to assess the needs, reduce the suffering, limit the spread and consequences of the disaster, open up the way to rehabilitation. By- Mass evacuation Search and rescue Emergency medical services Securing food and water Maintenance of Law & Order
  • 26. Responding to disasters Disasters impact on entire communities. The immediate effects include loss of life and damage to property and infrastructure, with the survivors (some of whom may have been injured in the disaster) traumatized by the experience, uncertain of the future and less able to provide for their own welfare, at least in the short term. More than likely, they are left without adequate shelter, food, water and other necessities to sustain life. Rapid action is required to prevent further loss of life.
  • 27. crisis to recovery Recovery refers to those programmes which go beyond the provision of immediate relief to assist those who have suffered the full impact of a disaster to rebuild their homes, lives and services and to strengthen their capacity to cope with future disasters.
  • 28. Our views to control some disasters Control of disaster by using advanced technology Accidents informer Traffic controller Control of plane crashes A BRICK that helps in tolerating EARTHQUAKE
  • 29. Our views to control some disasters Control of fire accidents like gas leaks & short circuitsWe can use gas & smoke sensors for any gas leak happens It can detect upto 100 meters long Fire sensor
  • 30.
  • 31. Disaster Reports World Disaster reduction day is celebrated on 2nd Wednesday of October Disater reports highlight disaster management activities undertaken during the relevant financial year together with details of disaster operations and information about priorities for disaster management. Protection of human lives is the main motto of the World Disaster reduction by 2015 Total number of Disasters up to 2015 is <5000
  • 33.
  • 34. Reference Documents available: http://www.dmintl.org/ •Disaster Management: Strategy and Coordination (MAA00029) - Global Plan 2010-2011 •International Federation policies | en español | en français Useful links: •UN Millennium Development Goals | en español | en français 1. "Maine Emergency Management Agency" (2007). "What is Emergency Management?". Retrieved 2014-02-22. 2.Jump up^ Drabek, Thomas (1991). Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. pp. xvii. 3.Jump up^ NEWS: Pakistan's Punjab builds model villages to withstand disasters, Climate & Development Knowledge Network, 17 December 2013. 4.Jump up^ Simonovic, Slobodan. "Flood Mitigation Efforts in the Red River Basin" (PDF). www.iclr.org. The Institute of Catastrophic Loss Reduction. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 5.Jump up^ "Animals in Disasters". Training.fema.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-06. 6.Jump up^ Baird, Malcolm E. (2010). "The "Phases" of Emergency Management" (PDF). Vanderbilt Center for Transportation Research. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 7.Jump up^ "Building Science". fema.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 8.Jump up^ "Rand Homeland Security" (PDF). Rand.org. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 9.Jump up^ "Public Health Emergency Preparedness Cooperative Agreement" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 10.Jump up^ "US Environmental Protection Agency | US EPA". .epa.gov. 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 11.Jump up^ "The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act" (PDF). Epa.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-08. 12.Jump up^ "Masuring Progress in Chemical Safety : A Guide for Local Emergency Planning Committees and Similar Groups" (PDF). Epa.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-0
  • 35. Presented by: *Umar Zada . *Najam Karim . *Amna Khan . *Javeria Elahi . *Sumbal Gul .
  • 36. . For Listening Under supervision of My teachers….. ANY Question…..?