Both parties agreed to a 15 person commission (7 democrats, 7 republicans, 1 unbiased) but the unbiased was replaced with a Republican which allowed Hayes to win
they were people who liked the constitution, they wrote essays supporting the constitution
1800 Alexander Hamilton was Secretary of Treasure, and Thomas Jefferson was Secretary of State. Both were running for president. Presidency; U.S. direction in the future; economic goals. State vs.. federal constitution; industrial capitalistic society vs.. rural agrarian society Jefferson wins the presidency in what is known as the "Revolution of 1800," which is the first time an opposing political faction rises to power through peaceful means. Hamilton was a Federalist: wanted a strong centralized government that depended on industry and commerce, favored a tariff system to help manufacturers Jefferson was a Democratic-Republican: wanted a decentralized government, favored a tariff system that supported farmers
1876 The election of 1876. Dispute over the number of votes in the electoral college Hayes actually received; Ruther(fraud) B. Hayes. The Compromise of 1877 gave the disputed votes to Hayes, who won the electoral votes 185-184 and thus the presidency. It became known as the “second corrupt bargain”.
1919 Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. admission into the League of Nations. Article 10 of League: must give assistance to a member with external aggressions (alliances) Wilsons refusal to compromise; ineffectiveness of the resolutions; permanent alliances with other nations. Lodge believes the US must not become involved foreign affairs and it threatens the Congressional right to declare war. Lodge exempts the US from Article 10 and attaches new changes for it to take effect; Wilson is unable to accept due a stroke. Wilsons asked Senate Democrats to vote against the Treaty of Versailles unless Lodge drops the changes; neither side shifted. The United States does not join the League of Nations. Treaty of Versailles is ratified
1935 NRA; New Deal programs; Roosevelt proposes the “court-packing” scheme as part of the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937. The constitutionality of various New Deal programs enacted by Roosevelt; the constitutionality of "court packing," or instituting other justices into the Supreme Court to help achieve his goals. The NRA is ruled unconstitutional. Democrats in Congress began to vote more conservatively so the chances of any more significant New Deal programs became slim
1972 Watergate Scandal. Nixon involved in illegal acts of spying on opposing Democrats. Nixon also defied the authority of Congress by refusing to deliever tapes and other materials of evidence to the committee. Nixon is impeached and later resigns. The American people are disillusioned by the president Watergate became a symbol of the President having too much power – “Imperial Presidency”
1970, during the Women’s Liberation Movement Gloria Steinem: She was an American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist who became a media spokeswoman for the women’s liberation movement in the late 1960s and 1970s. Phyllis Schafley: She is a Constitutional lawyer and a conservative activist. She is known for her opposition towards feminism and campaigned against the Equal Rights Amendment. This case was dealt with the decision on whether or not women and men should have equal rights. This involved the Equal Rights Amendment and the rights of women. Schafley was against the Equal Rights Amendment while Steinem supported it. Steinem and Schafley argued over the possible outcomes of the Equal Rights Amendment. Although the Equal Rights Amendments was approved by Congress, it failed to be ratified by the states. Regardless, it helped bring about more power for women.
1951, during the conflict between China and North Korea. Harry S. Truman:Was the president of the U.S. from 1945-1953. He ended WWII and eventually started a new one in Korea. Douglas MacArthur: He was an American general. Truman disapproved of MacArthur’s military strategy, such as using nuclear weapons against China. The main issue focused was General MacArthur and the use of nuclear weapons against North Korea and China. Truman wanted to make peace negotiations with North Korea and China, fearing that using these nuclear weapons would result in the Soviet Union to enter the war in Korea. As a result of their conflict, Truman relieved MacArthur.
1890sWilliam Jennings Bryan: Was a Democratic PoliticianWilliam McKinley: Republican Politician Elections during the 1890-1900s. They alsodebated on national currency, where Bryan supported“Free Silver” while McKinley supported the Gold Standard. Had conflicts whether or not the national currencyshould be “free coinage of silver” and bimetallism or GoldStandard. McKinley won the elections and passed the GoldStandard Act of 1900.
1787 (Federalists) Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington, and John Jay (Anti-federalists) Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, and Richard Henry Conflict: The ratification of the Constitution of the United States The Federalists were supporters of the Constitution whom liked how the Constitution balanced power between the states and the national government. Anti-Federalists opposed the new Constitution and were against having a strong central government. Feared government would ignore rights of majority . Their biggest problem was that the Constitution lacked any protection for individual rights. Impact: The formation of a two-party system and the creation of the Bill of Rights.
1830s Andrew Jackson-President of the U.S. Nicholas Biddle-President of the Back of U.S Andrew Jackson opposed the Bank and sought to destroy and weaken the banks. He refused to re-charter it until it expired. Jackson supported hard-money and opposed banks lending paper currency ever since the consequences from the panic of 1797. Nicholas Biddle fought to keep the banks running. The Bank of the U.S died in 1836. it led to a recession, and an unstable economy.
Early 1930s Roosevelt was a liberal. Hoover was a conservative The government intervening in the depressive economy Hoover wanted to approach the Depression with “laissez-faire”- tactics; the government would not step in or spend federal money to help the people and the economy in fear of further damage. Roosevelt believed in involvement in ( RRR) the economy and the affected people. He proposed countless relief programs to get everyone out of the Depression, and approve of government spending. The New Deal and WWII helped give many opportunities to people in employment and help stir the economy again and driving them out of the Depression.
1960s The method of how colored Americans going to obtain their rights during the Civil Rights Movement Both sides advocated for immediate, direct action for Civil Rights, Martin King. Jr supported passivism and nonviolence, while Malcolm X accepted violence, self-defense was more radical. Both sides encouraged colored Americans to not wait for change, but disagreed on the method of resistance. After both leaders died, in 1968, the Civil Rights legislation was passed.
1890’s-1905 Views on Earning Civil Rights and the future of the colored American. Washington believed Negroes should take part in an industrial education and seek a job in agricultural/trades. He believed instead of reaching for short-ranged social change, Negroes should focus on self-advancement through self-improvement and assimilation into society by gaining economic statues through their industrial works. DuBois did not believe in agricultural/trade schools, but in a full education in an university. He also believed that Negroes should fight for Civil Rights push for immediate change. Dubois was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people, which fought for equal rights, politically and economically. Booker T. Washington delivered his Atlantic Compromise in 1895.