Progressive Presidents

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Progressive Presidents

  1. 1. Progressive Presidents
  2. 2. Who were the three progressive presidents? <ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson </li></ul>
  3. 3. How did Roosevelt become president in 1901? <ul><li>Republican President McKinley was assassinated in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>The VP, TR became the nation’s youngest Pres ever at 42 </li></ul>
  4. 4. How was TR's view of the role of the president different from Presidents before him?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Believed in strong, active government </li></ul><ul><li>Believed government should protect people from big business </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of “big government” </li></ul>
  6. 6. What did TR mean when he said people would get a “square deal?” <ul><li>Government would protect people from big business </li></ul>
  7. 7. What labor precedent did TR set in 1902? <ul><li>Set up arbitration (negotiations) over a coal strike </li></ul><ul><li>Owners refused to negotiate </li></ul><ul><li>TR threatened to send in the Army & nationalize the mine </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t could intervene if a strike threatened public welfare </li></ul>
  8. 8. What was TR’s belief about trusts? <ul><li>Nicknamed “trustbuster” </li></ul><ul><li>Some could be good </li></ul><ul><li>Sued big businesses using the Sherman Anti-trust Act if the monopoly hurt the public </li></ul>
  9. 9. What was TR’s reaction to Sinclair’s The Jungle ? <ul><li>He was grossed out </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food & Drug Act required mandatory labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Meat Inspection Act enacted food inspection </li></ul><ul><li>More gov’t intervention in business </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why is TR considered the 1 st environmental president? <ul><li>Active in conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in preserving natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Established the national parks system </li></ul>
  11. 11. What happened in the election of 1908? <ul><li>Roosevelt chooses Taft as successor </li></ul><ul><li>Taft failed to live up to TR’s expectations </li></ul><ul><li>TR returned to run for President again in 1912 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Who Ran in the election of 1912? <ul><li>Taft won the Republican nomination </li></ul><ul><li>TR formed his own Progressive Party: “The Bull Moose” Party </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson got the Democratic nomination </li></ul>
  13. 13. Comparing TR’s “New Nationalism” to Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom.”
  14. 14. <ul><li>Names of the Platforms for each candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Both were progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Both believed govt should be more active in regulating business </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>New Nationalism (TR) </li></ul><ul><li>Some trusts beneficial </li></ul><ul><li>Only get rid of monopolies that hurt consumers </li></ul><ul><li>New Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>All trusts bad </li></ul><ul><li>Govt should restore competition </li></ul>
  16. 16. What happened in the election of 1912? <ul><li>TR & Taft split Republican voters </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats were united: Wilson won </li></ul>

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