After looking at the pictures ofsome of what the South looked likeafter Sherman marched through, if you were a Southerner in 1866, how would you react to what you just saw? Write a paragraph that explains your reaction on your handout.
No better• As a way to keep some kind of control, many Southern states passed a series of laws called Black Codes to keep the former slaves in positions of semi-slavery.
No better• They set up curfews so that African Americans could not gather after dark or could be whipped, fined, or sold into a year’s labor if they did not have a job.
No better•The codes said that blacks could only work on the farm or in the house.
No better•Some had to sign year- long labor contracts and if they left early they did not get paid and were arrested as being vagrants.
response• Other whites were angry that so much had been given to African Americans and in response some joined an organization called the “Ku Klux Klan,” which was formed in 1866.
response• Members agreed to “defend the social and political superiority” of whites against the “aggressions of an inferior race.”
response• In an effort to intimidate Republicans, both whites and African Americans, the Klan became the United States’ first true terrorist organization, covering themselves in long white robes and hoods and appearing from
response• Their actions might include planting burning crosses in front of their victims homes, dragging their victims from their homes and harassing, torturing, kidnapping, or even murdering them.