Turning point


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There is a difference between declaring independence and being independent, as the colonists find out in the hard days after July, 1776

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Turning point

  1. 1. 1776
  2. 2. Not good <ul><li>Once the English evacuated Boston, it took some time both for there to be another major battle and another colonial victory. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Not good <ul><li>In the summer of 1776, the English, under the leadership of General William Howe , arrived in New York Harbor. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Not good <ul><li>The British believed that they would have a better chance for victory in the Middle Colonies than in New England as more Tories lived there. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Not good <ul><li>In a series of battles from Long Island to Fort Lee, the colonists were defeated by the English time and again. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Not good <ul><li>Finally, by October, 1776, the English had captured New York (which they would hold on to for the rest of the war) and sent the colonists scurrying through Pennsylvania. </li></ul>
  7. 7. inspiration <ul><li>Realizing that colonial volunteer enlistments ended with the turn of the new year, Thomas Paine, author of Common Sense, once again tried to inspire the colonists to cause of independence. </li></ul>
  8. 8. inspiration <ul><li>His new pamphlet, The Crisis (written in December, 1776), began with “These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service to their country.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. inspiration <ul><li>“ But he that stands it NOW,” he continued, “deserves the love and thanks of man and woman…we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. inspiration <ul><li>Just as Paine’s thoughts swept through the colonies, Washington and the colonial army spread some inspiration of their own. </li></ul>
  11. 11. inspiration <ul><li>On Christmas night, 1776, Washington led his troops across the Delaware River, aided by General John Glover and his sailors from Marblehead, to attack the tiny town of Trenton , New Jersey. </li></ul>
  12. 12. inspiration <ul><li>There, sleeping off their Christmas dinner and partying, were a group of Hessians , German mercenaries hired by George III, who were caught completely by surprise and captured. </li></ul>
  13. 13. inspiration <ul><li>A few days later, Washington made another daring and successful attack at Princeton , and as word spread, volunteers began to join up again. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Turning point <ul><li>As the summer of 1777 began, things once again looked bad for the colonists. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Turning point <ul><li>With a victory just outside of Philadelphia, long seen as the colonial capital the English decided that the revolution would be over if they could separate New England from the rest of the colonies. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Turning point <ul><li>So, they sent General John Burgoyne south from Canada and he quickly recaptured Fort Ticonderoga (where the cannon had come from to defend Boston) and moved toward Albany. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Turning point <ul><li>The retreating colonial forces destroyed bridges, cut down trees, anything they could to slow “Gentleman Johnny” down. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Turning point <ul><li>By the time Burgoyne reached Saratoga , the colonists were ready for him as more volunteers were able to step forward and help the continental army.. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Turning point <ul><li>The colonists won a series of victories at Saratoga, forcing Burgoyne to surrender his troops and gave the French the perfect opportunity to openly declare their support for the colonists . </li></ul>