After the Civil War: Life in the South: 1866-1940
Reconstruction• Lincoln assassinated-Andrew Johnson takes over• U.S. soldiers in the South to make sure U.S. laws are being carried out.• Southern people are losing property (no money to pay U.S. property taxes)
13 Amendment thAdded to the Constitution after the Civil War. It freed all slaves and made slavery ILLEGAL in the U.S. forever.
14 Amendment thAll black people are now U.S. citizens and should have the same RIGHTS as all other U.S. citizens
15 Amendment thGives black MEN the right to vote
Better for blacks?But where do they turn for jobs? How do they support their families?
Sharecropping…a rough, hard life of farming for very little return….
These little black boys are part of a sharecropperfamily that rented land to plant cotton in Arkansas in 1925.
This white family in Tennesseesharecropped on someone else’s land in 1929.
This white sharecropper in LauderdaleCounty, Alabama picks cotton in 1929.
The children of sharecroppers such as this man in Mississippi rarely had much ‘schooling’ or education.
This very poor sharecropper family in Hale County, Alabama lived in poor conditions in the early 1900s.
Doesn’t this old Alabama family make you appreciate what you have today?
White and black sharecroppers take a break together from working the farm fields in Florence, Alabama.
This sharecropper’s boy was suffering from a disease when this photo was taken. He later died. He had no medical treatment.
This is a sharecropper family in Ohio.Sharecropping wasn’t totally limited to the poor southerners. Some poor Northern families had to sharecrop as well.
This young Hispanic boy’s family sharecropped in Texas.
This 12 year old girl in Louisiana washesclothes on her family’s sharecropper farm.
This family is looking for work as sharecroppers in Arkansas and are sleeping outside until they canfind work. Most southern families knew little else besides farming.
Sharecropping was a hard life for thethousands of people who experienced it. There was always food but little money.
This Albertville farm family didn’t have life muchbetter in the early 1900s. This is Lincoln Mayo and his wife on their farm.
Mr. Sanders farmed in DeKalb County near mygreat grandfather’s farm at Collinsville. They knew each other well.
Segregation and Prejudice …Ablack man’s way of life from 1866- 1966
Segregation was legal after the civil war. Notice which is the nicest fountain.
Many whites were honestly fearful of ‘free’ black people and certainly didn’t want to think of them as ‘equal’ to them. Many people of bothraces thought it was ‘the right thing to do’ to keep the races separate from each other and in their ‘own places’.
Segregation of blacks and whites at a train station
Segregation in Alabama• Here are some examples of the Jim Crow laws in Alabama.• No person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which Negro men are placed.• The conductor of each passenger train is authorized and required to assign each passenger to the car or the division of the car, when it is divided by a partition, designated for the race to which such passenger belongs.• Every employer of white or negro males shall provide for such white or negro males reasonably accessible and separate toilet facilities.
The ‘original’ KKK targeted carpetbaggers and ‘Yankees’ in the south during reconstruction “stealing” and “causing trouble”. (Notice the hanging of white carpetbaggers in the cartoon drawing) Later, theyturned their frustrations over their own poverty and poor lives against an easy target-black folks. Northern ‘carpetbaggers’ trying to make money off Southern folk’s problems after the war.
This is a Klan ‘uniform’ from 1868. They hid their faces originally so the Union (U.S.) army troops in the South during Reconstruction wouldn’t arrest them. The original Klan actually faded away when Reconstruction ended but a neworganization began in the early 1900s. They did NOT want to see the South change nor lose their family’s homeland to “Yankees” and “ Ex-Slaves” This drawing shows two Confederate officers from HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA
The KKK attracted members from all over thecountry. Here, they are protesting in WashingtonD.C. See the U.S. capitol in the far background?
Racism and prejudice against blacks was never just a ‘southern’ issue as you may think. This is an OHIO governor candidates ad promising no voting forblacks if he is elected. If anything, northerners may have been more fearful of black people’s differences because unlike southerners, they weren’t used to being around black folks.
When the KKK was at it’s most popular, it had 6 million members! And-a Northerner from Indiana-DavidStevenson was the head leader. David is in the dark robe here meeting with leaders in the 1920s.
As the Klan began to get more and more violent and aggressive in the early 1900s, many white people acrossthe country began to see it as a ‘bad club to be a part of’.The KKK burned this black sharecropper’s home in Florida in 1923.
This black man was lynched by the KKK for supposedly attacking a white woman and stealing her cattle.
Most men in the Klan really viewed themselves as doingGod’s work of keeping America a great place to live!! Theywould kill anyone of any color--including whites-- that theyfelt wasn’t ‘behaving right according to THEIR belief about how the world should be’.
While the KKK does still exist even today, it is generallyrecognized as a ‘hate group’ today and it’s popularity is not what it once was. The numbers of members are small across the country. Current KKK member
This is what the ‘current KKK’ says they believe in.• Support of all U.S. soldiers• Strong national defense• No one can lose their home for not paying taxes to the government• Parents should discipline their children• Everyone who can work should work• Everyone not satisfied living under ‘white Christian rules’ is free to leave the U.S.• All HIV positive people should be put into hospitals• A law should make homosexuality illegal.• Death penalty for rape and child abuse• Abortion should be outlawed
Other ideas the KKK says that it supports today:• Everyone pays the same taxes• Teach Christian values in the public schools• Balance the budget• Drug testing for welfare people• Foreigners should not own property in the U.S.• Promote appreciation of the historical white American culture and government• Encourage every American to own a gun• American troops should enforce U.S. borders• All hiring should be based on ability –not color of skin• Stop foreign aid to other countries• American government should put America and Her people first.• Recognize America was founded as a white Christian nation