Uk, germany, & russia

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  • 1. COMPARING UNITED KINGDOM, GERMANY AND RUSSIA By: Jai Jacobs
  • 2. United Kingdom
  • 3. Parliamentary System of the UK  • Unitary system: the central has all the power • Democracy: citizens hold the power. They all vote • Parliamentary Democracy: the leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  • 4. Parliamentary System • Parliament is the lawmaking body of the U.K. • Composed of the House of Lords and the House of Commons • The monarch is also a part of parliament
  • 5. House of Lords • These seats were passed through wealthy families. • Now the lords are elected by the house or the monarch. • have power
  • 6. House of Lords
  • 7. House of Commons • Citizens elect members -There are 646 members • Controls country's budget (LOTS of power) • The leader of the political party with the most members becomes the prime minister • Prime minister- is the head of the government
  • 8. House of Commons
  • 9. Leadership • The prime minister is the chief executive with the MOST power - Leader of the British Parliament, works with legislative branch - Runs the government • The MONARCH is the official head of state (symbol of country) -Duties are most ceremonial -Role is restricted
  • 10. Queen Elizabeth II
  • 11. David Cameron
  • 12. Citizens rights • Have personal freedoms similar to US -treated equally -right to worship -freedom of speech -right to fair trial -Own property • Does not directly elect the leaders. The house of commons does that!!!
  • 13. Germany
  • 14. Federal System • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the 16 states. • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (voting) • Parliamentary Democracy: the leader is elected through the legislature, not directly by the people
  • 15. Parliamentary System • Germany’s is composed of 2 houses: the Bundstag and the Bundesrat • Germany’s constitution is called the basic law - Germany is a welfare state: government guarantees people certain benefits when they are unemployed, sick, poor, or disabled.
  • 16. • Has the MOST power Bundestag • Citizens of each German state elect its members • Members of this house elect the chancellor (chief executive of Germany) •
  • 17. Bundestag
  • 18. Bundesrat • Represents the interests of the state governments • Each state selects representatives for this house • Deals with laws that affect states: education & local government issues
  • 19. Bundesrat
  • 20. Leadership • CHANCELLOR is the chief executive - Runs the government - Elected by the bundestag (legislature) • The president is the official head of state - Symbol for country - Duties are mostly ceremonial - Representatives of the legislature and the states choose the president
  • 21. Angela Merkel
  • 22. Russia
  • 23. Joachim Gauck
  • 24. Citizens rights • Similar to US & UK • Do not directly elect the leaders
  • 25. Federal System • Federal System: the power is shared between the central government and the governments of the states • Democracy: citizens of the country hold the power (vote) • Parliamentary Democracy: leader is directly elected by the people
  • 26. Federal Assembly • The legislature is called the federal assembly • It has two parts: the Federation Council & the State Duma
  • 27. Federal Assembly • Has 2 representatives from each state • States appoint the council’s members; they are not directly elected by the people • One important duty: approve the president’s choices of people to fill different government jobs
  • 28. State Duma • Larger than federation council - Has 450 members who are elected directly by the people • This house controls the budget & makes the laws • Approves the presidents choice for prime minister
  • 29. Leadership • President is the chief executive with the MOST power - Elected by the people (presidential democracy) - Can disband the legislature • President also picks prime minister - Helps in the day-to-day running of the government - Similar to USA’S vice president
  • 30. Vladimir Putin
  • 31. Dmitry Medvedev
  • 32. Citizens rights • Similar 2 the US, UK, & Germany • Citizens directly elect the leader
  • 33. 
  • 34. Merry Christmas