Struggle and Survival:
     Final Project

    Samantha Alderton
       History 140
         #31644
Thomas Peter
 Thomas Peter lived in Nigeria at the age of 22 and
 was a member of the Egba branch of the Yoruba
 tribe.
 I...
Thomas Peter
 At the end of the war Peter, his wife and kids were
 evacuated and sent to New York by the British.
 Three t...
Francisco Baquero
 He was born in Buenos Aires in the 18th Century
 when the city was a major beneficiary to Spain.
 Event...
Francisco Baquero
 He was looked up to by the other nonwhite workers because he
 back wealthy by working hard.
 In March 1...
Opechancanough
 In May 1607, 105 Englishmen invaded in marshy lowlands of
 Indian Virginia.
 After four decades that 105 m...
Opechancanough
 In both 1608 and 1612, Opechancanough was
 extremely humiliated when Pipscole stole his wife.
 The ten yea...
Juan de Morga and Gertrudis
de Escobar
  Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de
 Escodar where both young mulatto
 slaves who were...
Juan de Morga and Gertrudis
de Escobar
 Gertrudis de Escobar was born around 1644. Both of her parents died
 when she was ...
Martin Ocelotl
  In 1518 and 1519, Montezuma ordered to have
 people imprisoned or executed.
 Of these men was Ocelotl. He...
Martin Ocelotl
 There were rumors that Ocelotl was immortal and
 that he could predict the future. He denied this.
 In 153...
Isabel Moctezuma
 In 1509 or 1510 Isabel was born the daughter of
 Moctezuma and Teotlalco.
 Because she was the daughter ...
Isabel Moctezuma
 In 1532, as a very wealthy woman, Isabel was
 married for the fifth time to Juan Cano de Saavedra
 which...
Catarina de Monte Sinay
 In 1758, Catarina laid on her death bed from old age and illness
 in Bahia. In 1696, Catarina awa...
Catarina de Monte Sinay
 In the 1670’s, with the depression in Bahia,
 the price of sugar went down and they had a
 period...
Miguel Hernandez
 Miguel Hernandez was a free mulatto who was born in the 16th
 century in Mexico city to Pedro Hernandez ...
Miguel Hernandez
 By the end of the 1590’s, his business was booming.
  He was able to pay off all his debts in a year.
 I...
Jacob Young
 Jacob’s business was the purchase of fun and animal hides
 from the Indians. In 1675, a group of Virginia Mil...
Jacob Young
 Jacob Young first appears in history as a Dutch
 soldier named Jacob Claeson. He came to New
 Netherland’s in...
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S&S

  1. 1. Struggle and Survival: Final Project Samantha Alderton History 140 #31644
  2. 2. Thomas Peter Thomas Peter lived in Nigeria at the age of 22 and was a member of the Egba branch of the Yoruba tribe. In 1760 he was captured by the African Slave Traders. He was branded, sold and transported on ship. On this journey they were treated brutally by being whipped and had coal put on their lips; many people died. He started his own revolution in French Louisiana because he was deprived of his right.
  3. 3. Thomas Peter At the end of the war Peter, his wife and kids were evacuated and sent to New York by the British. Three thousand others were relocated too. In 1783 he was moved again to Nova Scotia where they were not accepted. Thomas Peter lived 45 years and 32 years he struggled for freedom and survival.
  4. 4. Francisco Baquero He was born in Buenos Aires in the 18th Century when the city was a major beneficiary to Spain. Eventually he opened his shop in Calle Santo Domingo. He struggled greatly to get the rich clients. He became a member of the guild because he thought the members were incompetent. The draft in 1789 allowed nonwhites to participate.
  5. 5. Francisco Baquero He was looked up to by the other nonwhite workers because he back wealthy by working hard. In March 14, 1791 there was full access to the guild. And in June 1792, Romeo, a man that helped Francisco, won presidency and Francisco became an officer. December 1792 they lost their positions. They fought to organize a Negro and racial mixed master to be separated from the white control. They were denied because it would create more competition. In 1803, Francisco Baquero left the public life. It is believed that he died in 1810.
  6. 6. Opechancanough In May 1607, 105 Englishmen invaded in marshy lowlands of Indian Virginia. After four decades that 105 men turned into 15,000 people. One of the first successful British American colonies was by the Algonquian Indians, which are known as the Powhatans. Opechancanough was trained from boyhood to be the leader of the Powhatans in war and peace. In 1607, the Powhatan people ruled the largest unified chiefdom in Virginia called Tsenacommacan. It consisted of 12,000 people and one of the tribe leaders was Opechancanough.
  7. 7. Opechancanough In both 1608 and 1612, Opechancanough was extremely humiliated when Pipscole stole his wife. The ten year war began on March 22, 1622 when 330 Englishmen were killed. Its highest point of the war was in 1624. Both sides found it was very hard to dominate the others and in 1632 the war ended with Opechancanough on top. There was a peace agreement set up in 1632. Opechancanough was captured and murdered in 1646 by the English.
  8. 8. Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escodar where both young mulatto slaves who were living in Mexico during the middle years of the 17th century. They worked their lives in the colonial labor market Juan de Morga’s was born a slave but unlike many other slaves, Juan learned how to read and write.
  9. 9. Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar Gertrudis de Escobar was born around 1644. Both of her parents died when she was a child leaving her and her 5 brothers and sisters behind. She was put to work in the convent of Mexico City as a servant. She got beaten many times by the nuns for misbehaving. She denied believing in god and was punished for blasphemy. As her punishment she was sent to work on the sugar plantations by the priest, which she later found out that she was sold to the owner. On the sugar Plantation she was whipped for not making her quota and then put to work all night. Gertrudis made many attempts to escape but was returned. She ran away for 3 days and later returned herself. She was punished with chains and 300 lashes. Gertrudis was remembered as being drunken, violent, insolent women. Both these people were gifted individuals. They were both employed by the colonial society and never broken down. They struggled through the beatings and were patient and determined to be free.
  10. 10. Martin Ocelotl In 1518 and 1519, Montezuma ordered to have people imprisoned or executed. Of these men was Ocelotl. He was one of the people there were imprisoned but was able to avoid being executed. Ocelotl was born in 1496 and was raised as a young prodigy. He came from a important priest and came into control of land from great Tlatoani. Ocelotl was one of nine people who were sent by the lord of the village to tell Montezuma about signs they saw in 1519. On this journey he was imprisoned for a year and twelve days.
  11. 11. Martin Ocelotl There were rumors that Ocelotl was immortal and that he could predict the future. He denied this. In 1533 he predicted that a drought was come in four years because of past events. He was put on trial for being a wizard at this point. The people on jury voted that he be banned and put in jail. He was put on a ship to Spain and on this journey; the ship mysteriously went missing at sea.
  12. 12. Isabel Moctezuma In 1509 or 1510 Isabel was born the daughter of Moctezuma and Teotlalco. Because she was the daughter of Moctezuma, she was a symbol of great legal and sociological importance of Mexico. As a wife of a prominent conquistador, she would become a model of Hispanicize Indian womanhood. She was part of the new mixture of society. Isabel remained married to Alonso de Grado for only 2 years until in 1528 when he showed up dead of unknown causes.
  13. 13. Isabel Moctezuma In 1532, as a very wealthy woman, Isabel was married for the fifth time to Juan Cano de Saavedra which lasted for 2 decades. In the first ten years of marriage, Isabel gave birth to five children with Juan. In 1550, Isabel drew up her last will and testimony. In her will she gave all her stuff to her daughters, not her husband. She died shortly after in 1550. Most of her stuff when to her elder to sons and the rest was divided among the six younger children. In her will, she let all her slaves free. Her body was buried in the church in San Agustin in Mexico City.
  14. 14. Catarina de Monte Sinay In 1758, Catarina laid on her death bed from old age and illness in Bahia. In 1696, Catarina awaited her ceremony when she would become a Madre. She was looking forward to the day when she entered the nunnery for a long time. After the ceremony she would vow to God, the Virgin, Saint Francis, and Saint Clare that she would forever honor them. She had become the Bride of Christ. Catarina lived six years as a pupil and secular for the nuns. Bahia was the leader of sugar production and in the early 18th century, the Bahian people hit some troubled times.
  15. 15. Catarina de Monte Sinay In the 1670’s, with the depression in Bahia, the price of sugar went down and they had a period of hard times. There was a drought and floods, people were leaving their homes. Catarina believed that the presence of a model of saintliness would help clear the community of their sins. Madre Victoria was a perfect figure and Catarina looked up to her. Catarina had often failed to live up to her creed but she was very committed to her nun.
  16. 16. Miguel Hernandez Miguel Hernandez was a free mulatto who was born in the 16th century in Mexico city to Pedro Hernandez and Ana Hernandez. He was married, raised a family, and became a community figure. He created a rich and rewarding life in difficult times. His signature was important because he made it different from any other Miguel Hernandez, it helped us get an understanding of the type of person he was. Miguel chose to leave Mexico City and moved to Queretaro which was a small agricultural and commercial town. When Miguel arrived in Queretaro he became a leading mulatto citizen because he was literate, free, and skilled.
  17. 17. Miguel Hernandez By the end of the 1590’s, his business was booming. He was able to pay off all his debts in a year. In 1604 he expanded again and by this time he owned 20 mules which totaled to the amount of a wheat farm. Miguel is different for many others, even though he didn’t reach the top of the social pyramid; he was still very successful and earned enough to buy property and slaves. Miguel died suddenly in 1604 leaving his wife and children behind. He created a life of meaning and respect for his family and friends.
  18. 18. Jacob Young Jacob’s business was the purchase of fun and animal hides from the Indians. In 1675, a group of Virginia Militiamen went into Maryland looking for the Doeg Indians who had raided a Virginia Plantation. Jacob became a trusted agent of Maryland’s new regime. In 1695 he was licensed to keep a public house and ferry on the Susquehanna. By this time he was growing old and less inclined. The funny thing about Jacob was he never helps a place in power or wealth but still made history. He was just a survivor and the Susquehanna valley would have been no where without him. He helped with the combining of the Englishmen and the Indians.
  19. 19. Jacob Young Jacob Young first appears in history as a Dutch soldier named Jacob Claeson. He came to New Netherland’s in the middle of the 17th century. He set up trade with the nearby Indians. He created a very good business. Throughout the time, he changed his name multiple times. Jacob was employed by Maryland’s Lord Baltimore as an interpreter. He spent his time trading and creating a new home on Delaware Bay. The reason he changed from Jacob Claeson to Jacob Young was because it was very clear that he became an Englishman.

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