Spanish Empire in the Americas <ul><li>Brooke Soto </li></ul><ul><li>History 140 </li></ul>
Diego Vasicuio Peru Peru <ul><li>He was the key element in perpetuating religious thought </li></ul><ul><li>Influential me...
Martin Ocelotl New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Considered a diviner and an idolater </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted events before ...
Juan de Morga & Gertrudis de Escobar New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Young, mulatto slaves who lived in Mexico City in the 17t...
Isabel Moctezuma New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Moctezuma’s illegitimate daughter - an Aztec princess </li></ul><ul><li>Origi...
Beatriz de Padilla New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Mistress and mother </li></ul><ul><li>A “murderess” </li></ul><ul><li>Accus...
Miguel Hernandez New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Free Mulatto in 16th century Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Lived a very successful...
Enrico Martinez New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Printer and Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Printer from Seville </li></ul><ul><li>...
The Aztecs Tula, the Mythical Beginning Tula, the Mythical Beginning <ul><li>Toltecs of Tula remain the masters of materia...
The Formation of the Aztec Empire <ul><li>Moctezuma, father of the Aztec Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Natural disasters like l...
Aztecs Conquering Heroes Conquering Heroes <ul><li>Countless sacrifices were made, which showed more of an obsession when ...
Aztecs Clashing of Two Worlds Clashing of Two Worlds <ul><li>Anxiety began to grow within the Aztecs as the fall of Moctez...
Aztecs Resistance to Collaboration Resistance to Collaboration <ul><li>Enforcing christianity was mandatory because any ot...
Aztecs The Aftermath The Aftermath <ul><li>Indians invented their own idea of christianity with their native practices </l...
Spanish Empire <ul><li>Consisted of territories and colonies from Spain in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia </li></u...
Marilla Galeon <ul><li>Spanish trading ship that sailed 1-2 times every year across the Pacific ocean </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Black Legend <ul><li>Term by Julian Juderias in his 1914 book, La Leyenda Negra y la Verdad Historica (The Black Legend of...
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  1. 1. Spanish Empire in the Americas <ul><li>Brooke Soto </li></ul><ul><li>History 140 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Diego Vasicuio Peru Peru <ul><li>He was the key element in perpetuating religious thought </li></ul><ul><li>Influential member of Indian community </li></ul><ul><li>His parent & grandparents entrusted him with the image of the god Sorimana and performed religious ceremonies for his cult </li></ul><ul><li>Caused problems with Parish priest, the cult apologized for these ceremonies, yet continued to have them </li></ul><ul><li>Lived a very long life in times of epidemics, malnutrition, and forced labor </li></ul>
  3. 3. Martin Ocelotl New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Considered a diviner and an idolater </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted events before they happened </li></ul><ul><li>Made a brilliant career as a native priest </li></ul><ul><li>Assessed a small fortune in lands, houses, and jewels by charging “handsome” fees among his penitents and clients </li></ul><ul><li>He also rented land and produced spanish fruits and vegetables which made him very wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>A handful of his followers turned against him and confessed about the forbidden ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>All of his belongings were sold and he disappeared when his ship got lost at sea </li></ul>
  4. 4. Juan de Morga & Gertrudis de Escobar New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Young, mulatto slaves who lived in Mexico City in the 17th century </li></ul><ul><li>Both suffered a great deal with their owners </li></ul><ul><li>Both rebellious slaves to grab attention and stand up for freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Juan: unidentified if he was able to be a “free” slave </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrudis: Fought for her freedom, no one knows what happened to her </li></ul>
  5. 5. Isabel Moctezuma New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Moctezuma’s illegitimate daughter - an Aztec princess </li></ul><ul><li>Originally named Tecuichpotzin </li></ul><ul><li>Had three half-sisters: Ana, Maria, and Mariana </li></ul><ul><li>Married 5 different times, starting at age 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Became a 4th time widow, already having 2 children </li></ul><ul><li>In her last marriage, she was able to have 5 children in 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1550 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Beatriz de Padilla New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Mistress and mother </li></ul><ul><li>A “murderess” </li></ul><ul><li>Accused of killing two of her lovers using poison and her “magic” </li></ul><ul><li>Never-married 30-year-old women with four children </li></ul><ul><li>Was housekeeper and mistress of Lord Mayor of Juchipila </li></ul>
  7. 7. Miguel Hernandez New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Free Mulatto in 16th century Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Lived a very successful life: marriage, children, and education </li></ul><ul><li>Recalled today because of his literacy and knowledge of legal spanish ways </li></ul><ul><li>Muleteer </li></ul><ul><li>He had relationships with people of different race, which was a social stigma because of the spanish hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>He treated everyone with equality and a sense of respect </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1604 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enrico Martinez New Spain New Spain <ul><li>Printer and Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Printer from Seville </li></ul><ul><li>While in Mexico City for 43 years, he created a high reputation </li></ul><ul><li>He was a scientist that shared information of the geocentric theory and the moons positions </li></ul><ul><li>Published the book, The Reportorio, that showed his struggle with ignorance, isolation, and repression </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned for sabotaging his own work </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Aztecs Tula, the Mythical Beginning Tula, the Mythical Beginning <ul><li>Toltecs of Tula remain the masters of material, mechanical, and intellectual refinements of civilization </li></ul><ul><li>They worshipped multiple deities </li></ul><ul><li>With the fall of the Toltec period, migration became the only solution </li></ul><ul><li>When the Mexica settled in Tlatelolco, the Texcoco became center of refined civilization </li></ul><ul><li>The Triple Alliance came to be the Aztec Empire </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Formation of the Aztec Empire <ul><li>Moctezuma, father of the Aztec Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Natural disasters like locusts, frosts, and flooding plagued the Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma set out to conquer the tropics and sent troops to invade Coixtlahuaca, a city famous for it’s market </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifices of the prisoners were made as a messenger being sent to the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Payment of tribute formed the backbone of the empire </li></ul>
  11. 11. Aztecs Conquering Heroes Conquering Heroes <ul><li>Countless sacrifices were made, which showed more of an obsession when they were each planned down to the last detail </li></ul><ul><li>Since the Aztec gods were mortal, there was a constant need for them to be fed. </li></ul><ul><li>If the gods weren’t fed, the world was thought to come to an end </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma II came into power and changed the Aztec system from a crude democracy to one of absolute power </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aztecs Clashing of Two Worlds Clashing of Two Worlds <ul><li>Anxiety began to grow within the Aztecs as the fall of Moctezuma was being proclaimed </li></ul><ul><li>Hernan Cortes and the Spanish arrived, and trust was a thin line for Moctezuma </li></ul><ul><li>He wasn’t sure whether to treat them as gods or enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma was friendly, but Cortes betrayed him when he allied with the Aztecs’ enemies </li></ul><ul><li>In 1521 the Aztecs empire collapsed </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aztecs Resistance to Collaboration Resistance to Collaboration <ul><li>Enforcing christianity was mandatory because any other religion was seen as idolatry </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity shook the native societies when it closed the chapters on cannibalism, polygamy, and human sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma’s daughter was baptized and married a conquistador </li></ul><ul><li>Under monks guidance, Indians learned to read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity wasn’t widely accepted and ruined the Aztecs way of life </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aztecs The Aftermath The Aftermath <ul><li>Indians invented their own idea of christianity with their native practices </li></ul><ul><li>A new culture developed with a mix of different beliefs in the 18th century </li></ul><ul><li>Some ideals like alcoholism and prostitution became habits of the natives </li></ul><ul><li>In 1910, the Revolution put an end to slavery </li></ul>
  15. 15. Spanish Empire <ul><li>Consisted of territories and colonies from Spain in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia </li></ul><ul><li>One of the largest empires in history </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from the 15th-20th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy: Queen of Castile and King of Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Columbus discovered New World on conquest across Atlantic </li></ul>
  16. 16. Marilla Galeon <ul><li>Spanish trading ship that sailed 1-2 times every year across the Pacific ocean </li></ul><ul><li>In 1565, Andres de Urdeneta discovered an ocean passage </li></ul><ul><li>The trading continued until 1815 when the Mexican war of Independence put a stop to Galeon trade route </li></ul>
  17. 17. Black Legend <ul><li>Term by Julian Juderias in his 1914 book, La Leyenda Negra y la Verdad Historica (The Black Legend of Historical Truth) </li></ul><ul><li>The book gives examples of anti-spanish propaganda and hispanophobia in the early modern period </li></ul><ul><li>This was understood as an example of historic manipulation and national demonization </li></ul>

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