Dif. Between Kaplan and ETS – we are sharing what we’ve observed of ETS and this change We know that schools may be anxious to learn more so they can make decisions
Speaking is a key component of the new TOEFL since it is so important for academic success.
Have you ever thought about what skills you wished students had when speaking with them? Well, ETS surveyed educators on what tasks are required of students but first let me ask you: what tasks do you find are req’d of students?
Some of the key differences between the current and new TOEFL include…
Have advisors partner up here and have them choose one of the prompts to try. Partners, be strict with the time of 15/45! Follow-up questions: 1.) Imagine now that you were doing this with your HS French/Spanish, how well would you rate yourself? 2.) How many ahhs and ummms did you have during that time-a few are acceptable. 3.) Was there any structure/organization to your answer: ETS graders are looking assessing on format (question answered, details/examples/explanation, grammar/pronunciation, development of ideas).
Difficult? It may be perceived so – what are your students saying? It’s easier to select a MC response about grammar than do an integrated speaking task. Using the “Key” metaphor: The TOEFL can be a “Magic” key or like “losing your keys” depending on how students confront it.
Kaplan English Programs,
at Highline Community College
Chadd Bennett: Program Manager
Jon Dietzen: Center Manager
Next Generation TOEFL
Why is the test changing?
*More focus on ability to
*How well students use English
*Uses integrated tasks that reflect
how language is actually used
What speaking tasks are required of students?What speaking tasks are required of students?
• Ask questions in class
• Participate in group discussions
• Give presentations
• Participate in team projects
• Discuss issues with advisors/faculty
• Speak with landlords about living arrangements
• Properly order a coffee in Seattle
Previous TOEFL (CBT) New TOEFL (iBT)
Test is saved on computer Test will be delivered via the Internet
Non-integrated skill testing Some integrated skill testing
Computer adaptive questions for
Listening and Structure
All questions will be non-adaptive
No note-taking allowed for Listening,
Structure and Reading
Note-taking allowed for all sections
Test was offered until the end of
Test began September 2005
CBT scores still valid for two years, but
schools may require a new (IBT) score
after Sept. 2005
No Structure (Grammar) section; new
- Approximately 5 passages
- 44-60 questions in 70-90 minutes
- 3 passages total, 12 questions per passage
- Reading passages are longer: 600-700 words each
- A max. of 3-4 words may be hyper-linked to a dictionary
- A review button allows a student to review answers
- Each question mentions the relevant paragraph:
“According to paragraph 4, what can be inferred about…”
New iBT Reading Questions
- The author’s method of explanation/definition
- Paraphrase of a sentence
- Choose and categorize ideas from a list
- Choose key points for a summary of the whole passage
Main topic - Main purpose - Inference +
Main idea + Purpose/function of a detail + Pronoun reference +
Title - Organization - Vocabulary +
in larger work
- Fact/detail + Sequence/insert sentence +
Negative fact +
- Variable number of short conversations, 2 longer conversations
and 3 lectures
- 30-50 questions in 40-60 minutes
- No note-taking allowed
- No more short conversation section
- 2 longer conversations with 2 or more speakers each
- 4 longer lectures, some of which include dialogue
- 5-6 questions per conversation or lecture
- Some questions repeat a small section and ask about the
- Note taking is allowed
New iBT Listening Questions
- Identify (Yes/No) which ideas were mentioned (>2 answers)
- The meaning of a repeated phrase or sentence
- The speaker’s method of explanation
Main topic + Main purpose - Inference +
Main idea + Purpose/function of a detail + Choose a diagram -
- Fact/detail + Sequence events -
Negative fact -
This section is new
6 questions in total
2 independent tasks on familiar topics
4 integrated tasks: 2 based on
Reading/Listening; 2 based on Listening
2 Independent Tasks
Each gives 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to answer
Each question appears on the screen
Both questions discuss non-academic information
Examples: Give this a try!!! (15 seconds-prep/45 seconds-speak)
“Describe a class you have taken in school and explain why the class was important
to you. Include details and examples to support your explanation.”
“Some universities require first-year students to live in dormitories on campus.
Others allow students to live off campus. Which policy do you think is better
4 Integrated Tasks
Each task gives 45 seconds to read a 5-8 sentence long passage, and then
plays a short conversation or explanation
First task: a short announcement and a long conversation
Time: 20 seconds to prepare, and 60 seconds to answer
“The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university
president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that
Second task: a short reading and a lecture
Time: 20 seconds to prepare, and 60 seconds to respond
“Discuss the suitability of antelopes and horses for domestication. Which is more
4 Integrated Tasks
After the listening, each task gives 20 seconds to prepare and 60 seconds to
answer. Each question appears on the screen.
The first task is a long conversation between two students:
“The students discuss two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Describe the
problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and why.”
The second task is a lecture that is slightly shorter than those on the CBT:
“Using points and examples from the talk, explain how the automobile and the radio
contributed to a common culture in the United States.”
- One 30-minute essay about one question
1 Reading/Listening/Writing Task
One academic reading and one listening passage
Five minutes to read the passage first
Then, after listening to a lecture on the same topic, a student has 20 minutes to
An answer must discuss the key ideas in the listening passage and explain how
they differ from those in the reading
No personal opinion is required
The reading passage will always be available, but not the lecture (must use
1 Writing task similar to that of the previous TOEFL
The question asks a student about personal experience and knowledge
30 minutes to write an essay
The score report universities receive will contain:
Four skill scores
- Reading 0-30
- Listening 0-30
- Speaking 0-30
- Writing 0-30
A total score: 0-120
Student score reports will also contain performance
• Scores available for viewing online free of charge 10
business days after the test.
• Institutions can enter a folder with their students in it.
• Sortable database to assist in matching scores with
• “Print friendly” format, with photo.
• ELPs and attending institutions can view scores
online with permission of student.
Questions Kaplan students have
asked about the iBT
• Is it more difficult?
• If I apply for fall quarter 2007, what score will I need?
• How long will schools honor the CBT score?
• What scores will schools require?
• How will the sections be evaluated?
• How important is speaking?
Kaplan’s TOEFL Preparation
• A New TOEFL and Academic course has begun!
• Includes iBT Questions Type practice
• Includes skill building for grammar, vocabulary,
summarizing, and paraphrasing
ETS website: www.ets.org/toefl
Upcoming Kaplan Opportunities
- Conference Presentations
- College and University Workshops
- Guidance for conducting standard setting at your own
- TOEFL Tuesdays: Free Practice iBT every Tuesday at
Highline Community College, building 30, room 319
*Students Must call or sign up ahead of time*
• Find some advisors from other schools and break
into groups of 4-5.
• Spend some time discussing the following:
– What is the current TOEFL requirement at your institution?
– Is your institution still accepting CBT scores? For how long?
– Has your school encountered any issues in
interpreting/implementing the new iBT score?
– Have you received any comments/questions from students
or professors about the new iBT?
– Other things you would like to ask/share in your groups?
Thank You for attending this session!!!
• More resources available up front!!!
Kaplan English Programs at Highline CC.
2400 So 240th
, MS 25-516
Des Moines, WA 98198
TEL: 206-870-3740 FAX: 206-870-0938
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org