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MEXICANMURALISTMOVEMENT  MA Rosa M. Brito
• The Mexican Muralist movement is an art movement with anindigenous character, post-revolutionary and with socialistideol...
MEXICAN MURALIST MOVEMENT•    The Bolshevik revolution      •    Impact of the socialist   • José Vasconcelos, director of...
José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949)                                        Activity:• He was born in Zapotlán, now          V...
David alfaro siqueiros (1896-1974)                           • Siqueiros was born in the city                           of...
•He became a member of the MexicanCommunist Party (Diego Rivera andFrida Kahlo were members too).• He was the most committ...
To the journalist Raquel Tibol,“casi todos los murales –y entoda su práctica- estáncompuestos con base en asuntosde franca...
In 1936, Siqueiros creates theExperimental Workshop in New YorkCity. “There, he experience what hecalls the accidental pai...
His paintings represent a very particular synthesis of the futurist,expressionist and abstract styles, with a strong appli...
Nueva Democracia (detalle) 1944Palacio de Bellas Artes, México             El Diablo en la Iglesia, 1947                  ...
Diego rivera (1886-1957)              • Diego Rivera was a famous and controversial artist,                in addition to ...
Hombre en la encrucijada, 1933                                 MA Rosa M. Brito
“El estilo de Diego Rivera era elproducto de la influencia de variosmovimientos pictóricos como el cubismo,el impresionism...
Día de la flor, 1925. Encáustica                                             sobre tela. Los Angeles County               ...
San Francisco Art Institute – 6 Panels: Unidad PanAmericana 1940 fresco, 6.74 x22.5m
Historia de México - El antiguo MundoIndígena, 1929-1935 Fresco MuroNorte, Palacio Nacional, Ciudad deMéxico              ...
Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central, 1947 Fresco sobre tablerotransportable Museo Mural Diego Rivera, Ciuda...
The Rupture Generation in México• By the mid of the 40´s decade, a rebellious movement byMexican painters started to boil ...
Rufino Tamayo (1899-1991)                                               Trovador, 1945  Hombre con guitarra, 1950         ...
José Luis Cuevas (1934-)                               Autorretrato, 1990      Figura obscena, 1996                       ...
Carlos Mérida, Guatemalan-Mexican (1891-1984)Carlos Mérida durante los trabajos en elCentro Urbano Presidente Juárez. Ciud...
Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican (1908-1963)            Exploración de las Bordando el río Orinoco, 1959 1961               ...
Francisco Toledo (1940-)                                  La Lagartera , escultura de 24 metros                           ...
Frida Kahlo, (1907-1954)    El abrazo de amor del universo, 1949                                           Frida pintando ...
REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY35 Aniversario luctuoso de David Alfaro Siqueiros - Artes e Historia México. (n.d.). Artes e H...
Full text of "Para hablar del Arte en Mexico". (n.d.). Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wa...
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Mexican Muralist Movement and the contexts that surrounded its development

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Transcript of "Mexican Muralist Movement"

  1. 1. MEXICANMURALISTMOVEMENT MA Rosa M. Brito
  2. 2. • The Mexican Muralist movement is an art movement with anindigenous character, post-revolutionary and with socialistideology.• It is characterized by the production of pictorial works ofart of monumental proportions, with the Fresco style, usuallydone over the walls of public buildings granted to the paintersby the government.• It captures the Mexican reality of the period, the socialstruggles and other aspects of the history of our country.• Its main exponents are, and will be: José Clemente Orozco David Alfaro Siqueiros Diego Rivera MA Rosa M. Brito
  3. 3. MEXICAN MURALIST MOVEMENT• The Bolshevik revolution • Impact of the socialist • José Vasconcelos, director of (Russia) 1917. Fall of the and marxis ideas in the the Secretary of Public Tsarist Empire post-revolutionary Education, promoted a cultural movement to reinforce the• Mexican Revolution of Mexican society knowledge and values from the 1910 revolutionary period in our • The art within the reach• Socialist and marxist country, giving to the muralists of the people. ideas in Latin America. the big spaces they could use for their creations. These spaces were public buildings used as canvas to translate scenes from the past, present and future of the Mexican nation. MA Rosa M. Brito
  4. 4. José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949) Activity:• He was born in Zapotlán, now Visit the muralsCiudad Guzmán, Jalisco. of José• Graduated from the Escuela Clemente OrozcoNacional de Agricultura; later on, he in the Institutostudied mathematics and Cultural Cabañasarchitecture. to analyze and• He painted murals for Pomona interpret his work.College, in California, DartmouthCollege and the New School forSocial Research of New York.• He did numerous murals forimportant Mexican buildings,specially: Palacio de Bellas Artes,Universidad de Guadalajara,Tribunal Supremo de México, CapillaTolsá, and Instituto CulturalCabañas,• He is buried in the Rotonda de losJalisciences Ilustres inGuadalajara, Jalisco. MA Rosa M. Brito
  5. 5. David alfaro siqueiros (1896-1974) • Siqueiros was born in the city of Chihuahua • He joined the army in 1919, and he is sent to Europe with the rank of captain. • In Spain, he is exposed to the avant-garde art movement. • In 1921, living in Barcelona, he edited the last “Vida Americana” magazine, where he writes a manifesto, exalting the rights of the people to have a monumental art, compromised with the indigenous values, influenced by the avant-garde art movements of the times. MA Rosa M. Brito
  6. 6. •He became a member of the MexicanCommunist Party (Diego Rivera andFrida Kahlo were members too).• He was the most committed politicalactivist of the three muralists. Hiswork is fill with themes of theMexican Revolution to exalt Mexicannationalism.• In 1962, the Mexican governmentsentenced him to eight years in prisonfor organizing students revolts ofleftist ideologies. He was pardoned in1964. MA Rosa M. Brito
  7. 7. To the journalist Raquel Tibol,“casi todos los murales –y entoda su práctica- estáncompuestos con base en asuntosde franca tendencia humanistaque parten o llegan siempre a lostemas medulares de las luchasde liberación de los pueblosoprimidos; las luchas de losdesposeídos para conquistar unaefectiva justicia social, y elrepudio a la guerra para oprimir,sojuzgar y envilecer a losdébiles” (Tibol, 1974b: 61).Eco por un grito1937MOMA. New York MA Rosa M. Brito
  8. 8. In 1936, Siqueiros creates theExperimental Workshop in New YorkCity. “There, he experience what hecalls the accidental painting, which itis the practice of improvisation withdifferent techniques as paintdripping and sand textures. Thesplash of paint over the canvas, thanlater on would be characteristic ofthe American AbstractExpressionism (Jackson Pollock), wasa practice originated inSiqueiros´workshop. Jackson Pollockand other young artist, were part ofthe first generation of American Jackson Pollock.artists with their own aesthetic Landscape whith Steer, 1936-37language”. 35 Aniversario de la Litograph with airbrush. Colección The Museum of Art Modern,muerte de David Alfaro Siqueiros. New York, gift of Lee Krasner Pollock.Autor/Redactor: Beatriz BezaresGarcía MA Rosa M. Brito
  9. 9. His paintings represent a very particular synthesis of the futurist,expressionist and abstract styles, with a strong application of color Retrato de la clase media (detalle) Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas (1939-1940, Ciudad de México) Juicio al fascismo (detalle) Sindicato Eléctrico, ciudad de México 1939 MA Rosa M. Brito
  10. 10. Nueva Democracia (detalle) 1944Palacio de Bellas Artes, México El Diablo en la Iglesia, 1947 MA Rosa M. Brito
  11. 11. Diego rivera (1886-1957) • Diego Rivera was a famous and controversial artist, in addition to be a political activist. He was the founder of the Mexican Communist Party and his personality always invited to the political debate not only in México, but also in the United States and the Soviet Union. • He establishes himself in Paris in the year 1911. During this trip he was influenced by the post- impressionism, specially by the work of Cézanne, which led to experiment with cubism and other avant-garde art movements. • Rivera returns to México with a renaissance style in frescos and with the clear intention to portray the historical context of the post-revolutionary México. • He married Frida Kahlo in 1929. She was, and is, considered one of the representatives of surrealism in México in the 20th Century. • Rivera´s fame took him to exhibitions and projects in the United States. He painted in the Rockefeller Center of New York, ,Hombre en la encrucijada (1933) but short after, his work was destroyed because it contained a portrait of Lenin, the Soviet leader. One year later, Rivera reproduced that work in Palacio de Bellas Artes, México city. MA Rosa M. Brito
  12. 12. Hombre en la encrucijada, 1933 MA Rosa M. Brito
  13. 13. “El estilo de Diego Rivera era elproducto de la influencia de variosmovimientos pictóricos como el cubismo,el impresionismo, el estilo clásicoeuropeo y el arte azteca. Sus muralesestaban tan repletos de figuras que nosrecuerdan al estilo barroco que cubríaiglesias con imágenes y minuciososdetalles. Algunos críticos se referían alestilo particular de Diego como"agorafóbico" porque parecía tenermiedo de tener cualquier espacio abiertoen sus pinturas (Espejo, 66). En susmurales Diego utiliza muchos símbolosprovenientes de códices aztecas. Deestos últimos utiliza los colores y lasfiguras de los ídolos, así como también lamanera en que los indígenas utilizaban Dos mujeres (cubismo), 1914las imágenes para narrar mitos y eventoshistóricos.” Biografía Visual de DiegoRivera, Marela Trejo Zacarías MA Rosa M. Brito
  14. 14. Día de la flor, 1925. Encáustica sobre tela. Los Angeles County Museum of Art.La elaboración de un fresco, 1931 FrescoSan Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco MA Rosa M. Brito
  15. 15. San Francisco Art Institute – 6 Panels: Unidad PanAmericana 1940 fresco, 6.74 x22.5m
  16. 16. Historia de México - El antiguo MundoIndígena, 1929-1935 Fresco MuroNorte, Palacio Nacional, Ciudad deMéxico MA Rosa M. Brito
  17. 17. Sueño de una tarde dominical en la Alameda Central, 1947 Fresco sobre tablerotransportable Museo Mural Diego Rivera, Ciudad de México (4.70 x 15.60 mts.) MA Rosa M. Brito
  18. 18. The Rupture Generation in México• By the mid of the 40´s decade, a rebellious movement byMexican painters started to boil up. They were againstportraying the historical past in their works, as it hadbeen done earlier in the century with the muralists DiegoRivera, Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros.•The painters now wanted to expand their minds and startto take different styles, which will set them apart fromthe rest.• These styles were highly influenced by the Europeanavant-garde art movements, but introducing Mexicancultural elements. MA Rosa M. Brito
  19. 19. Rufino Tamayo (1899-1991) Trovador, 1945 Hombre con guitarra, 1950 Animales, 1941
  20. 20. José Luis Cuevas (1934-) Autorretrato, 1990 Figura obscena, 1996 El secreto de Walter Raligh, 1972
  21. 21. Carlos Mérida, Guatemalan-Mexican (1891-1984)Carlos Mérida durante los trabajos en elCentro Urbano Presidente Juárez. Ciudad de Exégesis plástica sobre motivos cervantinos, 1981México, ca. 1951-1952.
  22. 22. Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican (1908-1963) Exploración de las Bordando el río Orinoco, 1959 1961 fuentes del manto terrestre,
  23. 23. Francisco Toledo (1940-) La Lagartera , escultura de 24 metros Tamazul (sapo), 1977 Murciélagos mirones, 2002
  24. 24. Frida Kahlo, (1907-1954) El abrazo de amor del universo, 1949 Frida pintando “Las dos Fridas” 1939-40 Crédito: Muray, Nickolas
  25. 25. REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY35 Aniversario luctuoso de David Alfaro Siqueiros - Artes e Historia México. (n.d.). Artes e Historia México. Retrieved September 12, 2011,from http://www.arts-history.mx/semanario/index.php?id_nota=16012009191843BiografÃÂa y pinturas de José Clemente Orozco. (n.d.). tierra - actualidades del mundo iberoamericano. Retrieved September 12, 2011,from http://tierra.free-people.net/artes/pintura-jose-clemente-orozco.phpBiografÃÂa y pinturas de José Luis Cuevas. (n.d.). tierra - actualidades del mundo iberoamericano. Retrieved July 24, 2012, fromhttp://tierra.free-people.net/artes/pintura-jose-luis-cuevas.phpBiografÃÂa y pinturas de Rufino Tamayo. (n.d.). tierra - actualidades del mundo iberoamericano. Retrieved July 24, 2012, fromhttp://tierra.free-people.net/artes/pintura-rufino-tamayo.phpDavid Alfaro Siqueiros: El pensamiento mexicano ante la condición humana. (n.d.). Proyecto Ensayo Hispánico. Retrieved September 12,2011, from http://www.ensayistas.org/critica/generales/C-H/mexico/siqueiros.htmDesde Prehispanico hasta Contemporaneo Mexicano: La Generación de la Ruptura. (n.d.). Desde Prehispanico hasta Contemporaneo Mexicano.Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://prehispanicomascontemporaneo.blogspot.mx/2010/06/la-generacion-de-la-ruptura.htmlDiscurso Visual - Carlos Mérida. Aportaciones a la integración plástica. (n.d.). Discurso Visual - revista electronica - CENIDIAP INBA.Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://discursovisual.cenart.gob.mx/anteriores/dvwebne04/agora/agoespinosa.htmFrancisco Toledo, pintor oaxaqueño | Garuyo.com. (n.d.). Garuyo.com | Entretenimiento, diversion y ocio personalizado. Garuyo ¡hazlo tuyo!.Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://www.garuyo.com/trend/francisco-toledo-un-pintor-orgullosamente-oaxaquenoFrida Kahlo Corporation, sitio oficial, de los derechos, licencias, productos y familia Kahlo. (n.d.). Frida Kahlo Corporation, sitio oficial, de losderechos, licencias, productos y familia Kahlo. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.fkahlo.com/
  26. 26. Full text of "Para hablar del Arte en Mexico". (n.d.). Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.archive.org/stream/ParaHablarDelArteEnMexico/12LuasGuadalupePadilla_djvu.txtGarcÃa Ponce. (n.d.). RedEscolar - Portal Educativo. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://redescolar.ilce.edu.mx/proyectos/acercarte/arte_mexicano/artemex7/artmex07.htmJaliscienses distinguidos - Gobierno de Jalisco. (n.d.). Inicio - Gobierno de Jalisco. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.jalisco.gob.mx/wps/portal/!ut/p/c4/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3gzb2djr1AXEwMLY2dTA093Q193E38PIwNzI_ 2CbEdFAP255Pw!/MUSEO FRIDA KAHLO >>> BIENVENIDO. (n.d.). MUSEO FRIDA KAHLO >>> BIENVENIDO. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.museofridakahlo.org.mx/Murals | Diego Rivera Web Museum. (n.d.). Diego Rivera Web Museum The virtual museum dedicated to the mexican Muralist Diego Rivera . Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.diegorivera.com/murals/Museo Cabañas: El Hospicio y los Murales de Orozco (Guadalajara, Jalisco) - Lú :: TrotaMexico 2.4 @ Español. (n.d.). GuÃa de viajes culturales y naturales por México :: TrotaMexico 2.4 @ Español. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.trotamexico.com/es/articulo/jalisco/guadalajara/museos/lu/museo-cabanas-el-hospicio-y-los-murales-de-orozco/Oles, J. (2005). ColeccioÌ•AndreÌ•Blaisten: arte moderno de MeÌ• MeÌ• n s xico. xico: Universidad Nacional AutoÌ• noma de MeÌ• xico.REMEDIOS VARO: MAGIA Y MODERNIDAD EN LA PINTURA DE LA MEXICANA REMEDIOS VARO, MAGIA Y MODERNIDAD EN LA PINTURA MEXICANA. (n.d.). LATIN ART MUSEUM, MUSEO DE ARTE LATINOAMERICANO. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.latinartmuseum.com/remedios_varo.htmRemedios Varo. (n.d.). Remedios Varo. Retrieved September 12, 2011, from http://www.remediosvaro.org/ APA formatting by BibMe.org.

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