Breaking Down Boundaries with Blended         Teaching and Learning           Rob Darrow, Ed.D.               April 2012  ...
Introductions Me:Retired online school principal, doctorate, consultant (www.onlinelearningvisions.com), father of a 22-y...
What are current challenges     of Ca education? In   addition to funding…            Textbook to Online Teaching and Lea...
How does blended learning meet  some of these challenges?  Time Flexibility Students take greater control of their own ...
A few realities about    blended teaching and learning    Blended Learning will not save you money in the    short term (...
California Ed Finance 101        ADA   (“seat time” - 240         minutes each day)        Independent Study (student   ...
What was school like               for you? Teaching ? Learning ?Curriculum ?         Textbook to Online Teaching and Lear...
Teaching and Learning                   What      is the student                        doing and where is the           ...
We are pretty clear    Face-to-Face Teaching                                   Online Teaching Students in classroom     ...
Blended teaching and learning        is more thanplugging a kid into a computer  It  involves …     the student     the t...
What is              Blended       Teaching and Learning? In   the context of a continuum from textbook enhanced to onlin...
Online                                                                                                 TeachingTextbookEnh...
Confusion about         “blended learning?”   Blended learning should be viewed as a    pedagogical approach that combine...
Confusion about“blended learning?”        Blended      learning             “combines face-to-face             learning w...
Another definition “Blended  learning is any time a student learns at least in part at a supervised brick and mortar loca...
Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent andpromise of blended education in the United Stat...
Why does this matter? The goal is student achievement, high school diplomas and careers, but… if we don’t know what “it” ...
Online                                                                                                Teaching           T...
What does “it” look like?      Where do you fit? Textbook     enhanced teaching and  learning Technology enhanced (not o...
What was                                             there before                                              textbooks? ...
Teaching and Learning                   What      is the student                        doing and where is the           ...
What does “it” look like?    *Teacher vs. student control of        teaching and learningMore teacher  control           ...
What does “it” look like?*Teacher-centric vs. Student-centricMore teacher  centric           Textbook  enhanced          ...
What does “it” look like?         *Control of time and pace Set time structure         Textbook  enhanced                ...
What does “it” look like? Textbook    enhanced teaching and  learning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhan...
Textbook EnhancedTeacher                         Student                                   Curriculum          Textbook to...
Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing?                          What is the teacher doing?•   Sitting in a desk in a ...
Technology EnhancedTeacher                         Student                                   Curriculum          Textbook ...
Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing?                           What is the teacher doing?•   Sitting in a desk in...
Web/Online EnhancedTeacher                         Student                                   Curriculum          Textbook ...
Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing?                         What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a c...
BlendedTeacher                         Student                                   Curriculum          Textbook to Online Te...
What is the student doing?                        What is the teacher doing?(30% work online)             Blended         ...
OnlineTeacher                         Student                                   Curriculum          Textbook to Online Tea...
OnlineWhat is the student doing?                            What is the teacher doing?(70% or more work online)           ...
iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum              **Students**         Less Onli...
iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum             **Curriculum**         Less Onl...
iNacol – Updated Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum          **Instructional Support**        ...
A quick review, then a quiz      Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.co...
Online                                                                                                 TeachingTextbook   ...
A Quiz! - Practice Students are told to take out their math books and turn to p. 45 to learn about adding fractions.     ...
Quiz 1 Students must create a short video to demonstrate their learning about the Pythagorean Theorem in their Algebra co...
Quiz 2 Students  are directed by the teacher to go to the National Geographic website to complete the activity there abou...
Quiz 3 Students  are working together on a wiki to identify the key concepts needed to know about when taking the Advance...
Quiz 4 Students are presenting about what they learned about the Battle of Gettysburg in the Civil War. They have created...
Resources iNacol, International Organization for K-12 Online  Learning – www.inacol.org CUE (and the eLearning SIG) – ww...
Questions? ContactRob @ OnlineLearningVisions.comWeb:www.OnlineLearningVisions.comRob’s Wiki:http://robdarrow.wikispaces.c...
Online/Blended Learning ProgramsComputer Assisted                                                    Teacher Lead   Compu...
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Provides a continuum from textbook enhanced to online teaching and learning. Success depends on the teacher whether face-to-face or online or blended.

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Darrow blendedlearning.apr2012

  1. 1. Breaking Down Boundaries with Blended Teaching and Learning Rob Darrow, Ed.D. April 2012 LEAD 3.0 – San Mateo Rob’s Wiki: http://robdarrow.wikispaces.com
  2. 2. Introductions Me:Retired online school principal, doctorate, consultant (www.onlinelearningvisions.com), father of a 22-year-old  My online learning journey You:Administrators? K-6? 7-12? teachers? Librarians? Other? Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  3. 3. What are current challenges of Ca education? In addition to funding… Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  4. 4. How does blended learning meet some of these challenges? Time Flexibility Students take greater control of their own learning Teachers become more than “sage on the stage” Customize learning for students First, let’s define blended learning… Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  5. 5. A few realities about blended teaching and learning Blended Learning will not save you money in the short term (maybe in the long term)  But it does provide greater access which can be considered a cost savings  Not many districts measure how many students stay in the district It does not work well without highly trained and skilled teachers In California, there is no ongoing funding stream for online/blended learning courses as part of ADA Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  6. 6. California Ed Finance 101  ADA (“seat time” - 240 minutes each day)  Independent Study (student gets hours based on work and physically meets a teacher once a week).  Charter (ADA or Ind Study)1 student in school for 1 day = 1 ADA. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  7. 7. What was school like for you? Teaching ? Learning ?Curriculum ? Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  8. 8. Teaching and Learning  What is the student doing and where is the student?  What is the teacher doing and where is the teacher?  What and where is the content / curriculum? Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  9. 9. We are pretty clear Face-to-Face Teaching Online Teaching Students in classroom  Students online Teacher in classroom  Teacher online (minimal Interaction face-to- face-to-face interaction) face, mostly verbal, some  Interaction online video visual conferencing, email – Fixed schedule of classes more visual, less verbal to attend  Flexible schedule for work Prescribed curriculum completion based on standards / use  Prescribed curriculum of textbooks online based on standards / text Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  10. 10. Blended teaching and learning is more thanplugging a kid into a computer  It involves … the student the teacher the curriculum (content)  About transforming teaching leading to a more customized approach to teaching and learning Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  11. 11. What is Blended Teaching and Learning? In the context of a continuum from textbook enhanced to online teaching and learning… Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  12. 12. Online TeachingTextbookEnhanced TechnologyTeaching Enhanced Teaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  13. 13. Confusion about “blended learning?” Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, • Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004) Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  14. 14. Confusion about“blended learning?”  Blended learning “combines face-to-face learning with computer mediated learning.” (Bonk and Graham, 2006. Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/). Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  15. 15. Another definition “Blended learning is any time a student learns at least in part at a supervised brick and mortar location away from home and at least in part through online delivery with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace.”  (Horn & Staker, 2011) Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  16. 16. Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent andpromise of blended education in the United States. Newburyport, MA: TheSloan Consortium.http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/blended06 Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  17. 17. Why does this matter? The goal is student achievement, high school diplomas and careers, but… if we don’t know what “it” looks like:  We can’t count it  We can’t study it (researchers)  We don’t know if it’s making a difference  We can’t teach it to others Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  18. 18. Online Teaching Technology Enhanced TeachingTextbookEnhanced Web / OnlineTeaching Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  19. 19. What does “it” look like? Where do you fit? Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  20. 20. What was there before textbooks? When were the first textbooks in California?McGuffey Reader 1841 Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  21. 21. Teaching and Learning  What is the student doing and where is the student?  What is the teacher doing and where is the teacher?  What and where is the content? Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  22. 22. What does “it” look like? *Teacher vs. student control of teaching and learningMore teacher control  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhanced Shared (not online) control  Web/online enhanced  BlendedMore student control  Online Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  23. 23. What does “it” look like?*Teacher-centric vs. Student-centricMore teacher centric  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhancedCombination (not online)  Web/online enhanced  BlendedMore student centric  Online Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  24. 24. What does “it” look like? *Control of time and pace Set time structure  Textbook enhanced teaching and learning  Technology enhanced Some (not online)Flexibility  Web/online enhanced  BlendedFlexible  Online Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  25. 25. What does “it” look like? Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Technology enhanced (not online) Web/online enhanced Blended Online Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  26. 26. Textbook EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  27. 27. Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the• Writing on paper classroom• Listening to teacher • Directing Learning• Talking with peers • Group discussionsWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  28. 28. Technology EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  29. 29. Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white• Computer Program (loaded or board / doc camera, etc. CD-Rom) Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  30. 30. Web/Online EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  31. 31. Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers • Assignments/activities online• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white• Computer Program (loaded or board / doc camera, etc. CD-Rom) • Some Online• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English. Plato, Ed 2020) Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  32. 32. BlendedTeacher Student Curriculum Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  33. 33. What is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(30% work online) Blended (30% interacting with students• Sitting in a desk in a classroom online) or computer lab • Standing in front of the• Using personal computer classroom and interacting online at home or other online location • Directing Learning• Interacting with peers in • Meeting students in small person and online groups (f2f and online) • Developing/assigning online lessons • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white• Computer Program (loaded or board / doc camera, etc. CD-Rom) • Online (computer led or• Web teacher led content)• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English) Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  34. 34. OnlineTeacher Student Curriculum Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  35. 35. OnlineWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(70% or more work online) (70% or more interacting with students• Sitting in a desk in a classroom or online) computer lab • Standing in front of the classroom• Using personal computer online at • Directing Learning home or school or other location • Meeting students in small groups (f2f• Interacting with teacher in person and online) and/or online • Developing/assigning online lessons• Interacting with teacher in person • Discussion Board and/or online • Online meetings/teaching (e.g. Elluminate) • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • On a computer/digital white board / doc• Teacher created materials camera, etc.• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • Online (computer led or teacher led• Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) content)• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English)• Teacher led Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  36. 36. iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum **Students** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  37. 37. iNacol – Updated Quality Online TeachingStandards – Blended Learning Continuum **Curriculum** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  38. 38. iNacol – Updated Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Instructional Support** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction InstructioniNacol Standards for Quality Online Courses (2011).http://www.inacol.org/research/nationalstandards/ EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow,
  39. 39. A quick review, then a quiz Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  40. 40. Online TeachingTextbook TechnologyEnhanced EnhancedTeaching Teaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  41. 41. A Quiz! - Practice Students are told to take out their math books and turn to p. 45 to learn about adding fractions. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  42. 42. Quiz 1 Students must create a short video to demonstrate their learning about the Pythagorean Theorem in their Algebra course. Students put together the key points, add in their voice and background music and then upload the video to YouTube. The web address is posted in the assignment area for the teacher to grade. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  43. 43. Quiz 2 Students are directed by the teacher to go to the National Geographic website to complete the activity there about the different continents of the world. Students turn in the assignment digitally through the online classroom drop box. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  44. 44. Quiz 3 Students are working together on a wiki to identify the key concepts needed to know about when taking the Advanced Placement U.S. History exam. The students decide which students will focus on different topics and then set a time when they can meet online to review each part of the wiki. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  45. 45. Quiz 4 Students are presenting about what they learned about the Battle of Gettysburg in the Civil War. They have created a PowerPoint and are advancing the slides on the digital white board in the front of the classroom. In addition, each student listening has a “clicker” to answer questions about the presentation while the students are presenting. Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  46. 46. Resources iNacol, International Organization for K-12 Online Learning – www.inacol.org CUE (and the eLearning SIG) – www.cue.org Keeping Pace - http://kpk12.com/ Ca eLearn Framework - http://www.ccsesa.org/index/hotTopics.cfm Ca Dept of Ed - http://pubs.cde.ca.gov/tcsii/onlineeducation/onlineed ucindex.aspx Online Learning Research - http://www.onlinelearningvisions.com/research Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  47. 47. Questions? ContactRob @ OnlineLearningVisions.comWeb:www.OnlineLearningVisions.comRob’s Wiki:http://robdarrow.wikispaces.com Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
  48. 48. Online/Blended Learning ProgramsComputer Assisted Teacher Lead Computer assessment and  Teacher places students computer placed  Teacher at end of every course Complete lesson (teacher in a  Students advance based on box) teacher assessment (some Multiple choice test (Pass, may be multiple choice) continue; Fail, repeat)  Online interaction (e.g. Adult facilitated (credentialed discussion or classified) boards, synchronous online  Education 2020 lessons/office hours)  Plato  K-12, Inc.  Apex Learning  Florida Virtual School  Connections Academy Textbook to Online Teaching and Learning. Rob Darrow, EdD. Rob @ onlinelearningvisions.com. Feb. 2012.
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