Blended Learning: What does it look like for a teacher?

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Presented at Placer County Office of Education, Ed. Tech Conference. Jan. 2013

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  • From agrarian, paper based to multifaceted, digital world.
  • Blended Learning: What does it look like for a teacher?

    1. 1. What does it look like to be a Blended Learning Teacher? Dr. Rob Darrow Director, Member Services January 2013 Presentation: robdarrow.wikispaces.comwww.inacol.org
    2. 2. Introductions• Me: Director of Member Services, iNACOL, former online school principal (Clovis Unified in Central Ca), father of a 22-year-old – My online and blended learning journey• You: teachers? Administrators? K-6? 7- 12? Librarians? District?
    3. 3. Who is iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Educators, policy makers, researchers, non-profits, for-profits, support staff, teachers, and administrators• K-12 schools, universities, think tanks, regional service agencies, county offices, organizations, etc.
    4. 4. Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Passion for online and blended learning• Receive daily news and research updates about online and blended learning• Contribute to the online and blended learning voice and conversation• Participate in regional and standing committees
    5. 5. Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Participate in webinars and related activities (access to Archives)• Reduced cost for attending yearly iNACOL Symposium (Oct. 27-30, 2013, Orlando, FL)• Membership: $60 for educators – Other memberships: School, institution, companies, etc.
    6. 6. A few facts• 27 States have state virtual schools (California is not one of them)• 2 million K-12 online course enrollments in 2009-10• 4 states require some type of online course as part of high school graduation requirements (Alabama, Florida, Michigan and Virginia)• An estimated 50% of school districts nationally are offering some time of online or blended learning
    7. 7. In California• 2012 Cal eLearning Census (www.clrn.org/census) – 481/933 districts completed census – 106,000 students participated in either online or blended learning courses, either part time or full time – 45% of districts reported students in full, part time or blended learning courses
    8. 8. Counting Online Course Enrollments• One student in one course = 1• Full Time = full time online (e.g. California Virtual Academy or Connections Academy)• Part Time/Supplemental = one or more courses taken online or blended• Blended learning…that’s what we’re going to talk about!
    9. 9. What was school like for you? Teaching ? Learning ?Curriculum ?
    10. 10. There are blended learning Definitions
    11. 11. Definitions, Part 1• Two definitions: – Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, • Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004) – Blended learning “combines face-to-face learning with computer mediated learning.” (Bonk and Graham, 2006. Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/).
    12. 12. Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent and promise of blendededucation in the United States. Newburyport, MA: The Sloan Consortium.http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/blended06
    13. 13. Most widely used K-12 definition A formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of instruction and content with some element of student control over time, place, path and/or pace and At least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar place away from home Horn & Staker, 2011) - http://www.innosightinstitute.org/
    14. 14. There are blended learning Models• Rotation• Flex• Self-Blend• Enriched Virtual
    15. 15. Emerging blended-learning models
    16. 16. Blended learning is not…
    17. 17. Blended learning is not like alight switchyou turn on one day
    18. 18. …And pedagogical shifts take time
    19. 19. Think in terms of 3-5 years from now (not just today). Think about what can be, not what is. This is a journey, not a destination.
    20. 20. We are pretty clear Face-to-Face Teaching Online Teaching• Students in classroom • Students online• Teacher in classroom • Teacher online (minimal• Interaction face-to-face, face-to-face interaction) mostly verbal, some • Interaction online video visual conferencing, email –• Fixed schedule of classes more visual, less verbal to attend • Flexible schedule for work• Prescribed curriculum completion based on standards / use • Prescribed curriculum of textbooks based on standards / text
    21. 21. But what doesBlended Learning really look like for a teacher?
    22. 22. Teaching and Learning • What is the student doing and where is the student?  What is the teacher doing and where is the teacher?  What and where is the content?
    23. 23. Online Teaching TechnologyTextbook EnhancedEnhanced TeachingTeaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching
    24. 24. What does “it” look like? Where do you fit? * See handout• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning• Technology enhanced (not online)• Web/online enhanced• Blended• Online
    25. 25. What does “it” look like? *Teacher-centric vs. Student-centricMore teacher • Textbook enhanced centric teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online)Combination • Web/online enhanced • BlendedMore student • Online centric
    26. 26. What does “it” look like? *Teacher vs. student control of teaching and learningMore teacher control • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced Shared (not online) control • Web/online enhanced • BlendedMore student control • Online
    27. 27. What does “it” look like? *Control of time and pace Set time structure • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced Some (not online)Flexibility • Web/online enhanced • Blended Flexible • Online
    28. 28. What does “it” look like?*Blended Learning Models continuum Rotation • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Flex • Technology enhancedSelf Blend (not online)Enriched • Web/online enhanced Virtual • Blended • Online
    29. 29. Where do you fit?• Teacher-centric ------------ Student-centric• Teacher control of learning ---- Student control of learning• Set time structure -------------- Flexible
    30. 30. What does “it” look like?• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning• Technology enhanced (not online)• Web/online enhanced• Blended• Online
    31. 31. Textbook EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    32. 32. Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a • Standing in front of the classroom classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peersWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library
    33. 33. Technology EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    34. 34. Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white board• Computer Program (loaded or CD- / doc camera, etc. Rom)
    35. 35. Web/Online EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    36. 36. Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?•Sitting in a desk in a classroom •Standing in front of the classroom•Writing on paper •Directing Learning•Listening to teacher •Group discussions•Talking with peers •Some assignments/activities online•Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?•Textbooks •On paper•Supplemental materials •In the classroom•Teacher created materials •In a school library•Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •On a computer/digital white board /•Computer Program (loaded or CD- doc camera, etc.Rom) •Some Online•Web•Computer led (e.g. programmed mathor English. Plato, Ed 2020)
    37. 37. BlendedTeacher Student Curriculum
    38. 38. BlendedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(30% work online) (30% interacting with students online)•Sitting in a desk in a classroom or •Standing in front of the classroom andcomputer lab interacting online•Using personal computer online at home •Directing Learningor other location •Meeting students in small groups (f2f and•Interacting with peers in person and online)online •Developing/assigning online lessons •Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?•Textbooks •On paper•Supplemental materials •In the classroom•Teacher created materials •In a school library•Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •On a computer/digital white board / doc•Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) camera, etc.•Web •Online (computer led or teacher led•Computer led (e.g. E2020, Aventa, K-12, content)Inc, Compass, etc ) or Teacher Developed
    39. 39. Online TeachingTeacher Student Curriculum
    40. 40. OnlineWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(70% or more work online) (70% or more interacting with students• Sitting in a desk in a classroom or online)Standing in front of the classroom computer lab • Facilitating Learning• Using personal computer online at • Meeting students in small groups (f2f home or school or other location and online)• Interacting with teacher in person • Developing/assigning online lessons and/or online • Discussion Board• Interacting with teacher in person • Online meetings/teaching (e.g. and/or online Elluminate) • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • On a computer/digital white board / doc• Teacher created materials camera, etc.• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • Online (computer led or teacher led• Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) content)• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English)• Teacher led
    41. 41. iNacol –Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Students** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction
    42. 42. iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Curriculum** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction
    43. 43. iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Instructional Support** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction InstructioniNacol Standards for Quality Online Courses (2011).http://www.inacol.org/research/nationalstandards/
    44. 44. Blended teaching is a combination of many factors Student Teacher • Personalized learning • Ongoing review of student data to• Flexibility of time change instruction• Turns work in mostly online • Meeting with students whole class, in groups, individually• Participates in online • Online and face-to-face strategies to discussion boards deliver instruction • Adept with a variety of Web 2.0 tools• Utilizes Web 2.0 tools to and technologies complete assignments • Curriculum both face-to-face and online in different modalities• Actively engaged in content • Curriculum and assignments mostly online and graded online • Embraces redundancy and change
    45. 45. Quick Quiz – Blended Teaching or Not? Strategy Yes No MaybeTeacher posts an article online for studentsto read.Students turn work in online and teachergrades all work onlineTeacher utilizes online discussion boardswith students in an ongoing wayStudents create a PowerPoint presentationand present it in class
    46. 46. Online Teaching TechnologyTextbook EnhancedEnhanced TeachingTeaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching
    47. 47. Join us! International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL)• iNACOL is the premier K-12 nonprofit association for online and blended learning• 4400+ members in K-12 virtual schools and online learning representing over 50 countries• Provides leadership, advocacy, research, training, and networking with experts in K-12 online learning.• “Ensure every student has access to the best education available regardless of geography, income or background.”• Annual Symposium: Orlando, FL, October 27-30, 2013
    48. 48. Remember…This is a journey,not a destination. And…
    49. 49. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed“educators” can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” - Margaret Mead
    50. 50. Contact Info• www.inacol.org• Rob Darrow – rdarrow@inacol.org

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