What does blended teaching look like?

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A continuum from textbook to blended to online teaching and learning

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  • From agrarian, paper based to multifaceted, digital world.
  • What does blended teaching look like?

    1. 1. What does it look like to be a Blended Learning Teacher? Dr. Rob Darrow Director, Member Services Dec. 2012 Presentation: robdarrow.wikispaces.comwww.inacol.org
    2. 2. Introductions• Me: Director of Member Services, iNACOL, former online school principal (Clovis Unified in Central Ca), father of a 22-year-old – My online and blended learning journey• You: teachers? Administrators? K-6? 7- 12? Librarians? District?
    3. 3. What was school like for you? Teaching ? Learning ?Curriculum ?
    4. 4. There are blended learning Definitions
    5. 5. Definitions, Part 1• Two definitions: – Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, • Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal (2004) – Blended learning “combines face-to-face learning with computer mediated learning.” (Bonk and Graham, 2006. Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/).
    6. 6. Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent and promise of blendededucation in the United States. Newburyport, MA: The Sloan Consortium.http://www.sloan-c.org/publications/survey/blended06
    7. 7. Most widely used K-12 definition A formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of instruction and content with some element of student control over time, place, path and/or pace and At least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar place away from home Horn & Staker, 2011) - http://www.innosightinstitute.org/
    8. 8. There are blended learning Models• Rotation• Flex• Self-Blend• Enriched Virtual
    9. 9. Emerging blended-learning models
    10. 10. Blended learning is not…
    11. 11. Blended learning is not like alight switchyou turn on one day
    12. 12. …And pedagogical shifts take time
    13. 13. Think in terms of 3-5 years from now (not just today). Think about what can be, not what is. This is a journey, not a destination.
    14. 14. We are pretty clear Face-to-Face Teaching Online Teaching• Students in classroom • Students online• Teacher in classroom • Teacher online (minimal• Interaction face-to-face, face-to-face interaction) mostly verbal, some • Interaction online video visual conferencing, email –• Fixed schedule of classes more visual, less verbal to attend • Flexible schedule for work• Prescribed curriculum completion based on standards / use • Prescribed curriculum of textbooks based on standards / text
    15. 15. But what doesBlended Learning really look like for a teacher?
    16. 16. Teaching and Learning • What is the student doing and where is the student?  What is the teacher doing and where is the teacher?  What and where is the content?
    17. 17. Online Teaching TechnologyTextbook EnhancedEnhanced TeachingTeaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching
    18. 18. What does “it” look like? Where do you fit? * See handout• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning• Technology enhanced (not online)• Web/online enhanced• Blended• Online
    19. 19. What does “it” look like? *Teacher-centric vs. Student-centricMore teacher • Textbook enhanced centric teaching and learning • Technology enhanced (not online)Combination • Web/online enhanced • BlendedMore student • Online centric
    20. 20. What does “it” look like? *Teacher vs. student control of teaching and learningMore teacher control • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced Shared (not online) control • Web/online enhanced • BlendedMore student control • Online
    21. 21. What does “it” look like? *Control of time and pace Set time structure • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning • Technology enhanced Some (not online)Flexibility • Web/online enhanced • Blended Flexible • Online
    22. 22. What does “it” look like?*Blended Learning Models continuum Rotation • Textbook enhanced teaching and learning Flex • Technology enhancedSelf Blend (not online)Enriched • Web/online enhanced Virtual • Blended • Online
    23. 23. Where do you fit?• Teacher-centric ------------ Student-centric• Teacher control of learning ---- Student control of learning• Set time structure -------------- Flexible
    24. 24. What does “it” look like?• Textbook enhanced teaching and learning• Technology enhanced (not online)• Web/online enhanced• Blended• Online
    25. 25. Textbook EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    26. 26. Textbook EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a • Standing in front of the classroom classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peersWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library
    27. 27. Technology EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    28. 28. Technology EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?• Sitting in a desk in a classroom • Standing in front of the classroom• Writing on paper • Directing Learning• Listening to teacher • Group discussions• Talking with peers• Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • In the classroom• Teacher created materials • In a school library• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • On a computer/digital white board• Computer Program (loaded or CD- / doc camera, etc. Rom)
    29. 29. Web/Online EnhancedTeacher Student Curriculum
    30. 30. Web/Online EnhancedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?•Sitting in a desk in a classroom •Standing in front of the classroom•Writing on paper •Directing Learning•Listening to teacher •Group discussions•Talking with peers •Some assignments/activities online•Using a shared or personal computerWhat is the content? Where is the content?•Textbooks •On paper•Supplemental materials •In the classroom•Teacher created materials •In a school library•Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •On a computer/digital white board /•Computer Program (loaded or CD- doc camera, etc.Rom) •Some Online•Web•Computer led (e.g. programmed mathor English. Plato, Ed 2020)
    31. 31. BlendedTeacher Student Curriculum
    32. 32. BlendedWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(30% work online) (30% interacting with students online)•Sitting in a desk in a classroom or •Standing in front of the classroom andcomputer lab interacting online•Using personal computer online at home •Directing Learningor other location •Meeting students in small groups (f2f and•Interacting with peers in person and online)online •Developing/assigning online lessons •Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?•Textbooks •On paper•Supplemental materials •In the classroom•Teacher created materials •In a school library•Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) •On a computer/digital white board / doc•Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) camera, etc.•Web •Online (computer led or teacher led•Computer led (e.g. E2020, Aventa, K-12, content)Inc, Compass, etc ) or Teacher Developed
    33. 33. Online TeachingTeacher Student Curriculum
    34. 34. OnlineWhat is the student doing? What is the teacher doing?(70% or more work online) (70% or more interacting with students• Sitting in a desk in a classroom or online)Standing in front of the classroom computer lab • Facilitating Learning• Using personal computer online at • Meeting students in small groups (f2f home or school or other location and online)• Interacting with teacher in person • Developing/assigning online lessons and/or online • Discussion Board• Interacting with teacher in person • Online meetings/teaching (e.g. and/or online Elluminate) • Grading onlineWhat is the content? Where is the content?• Textbooks • On paper• Supplemental materials • On a computer/digital white board / doc• Teacher created materials camera, etc.• Computer (Word, Ppt, etc.) • Online (computer led or teacher led• Computer Program (loaded or CD-Rom) content)• Web• Computer led (e.g. programmed math or English)• Teacher led
    35. 35. iNacol –Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Students** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction
    36. 36. iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Curriculum** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction Instruction
    37. 37. iNacol – Quality Online Teaching Standards – Blended Learning Continuum **Instructional Support** Less Online More Online Mostly Online Instruction Instruction InstructioniNacol Standards for Quality Online Courses (2011).http://www.inacol.org/research/nationalstandards/
    38. 38. Blended teaching is a combination of many factors Student Teacher • Personalized learning • Ongoing review of student data to• Flexibility of time change instruction• Turns work in mostly online • Meeting with students whole class, in groups, individually• Participates in online • Online and face-to-face strategies to discussion boards deliver instruction • Adept with a variety of Web 2.0 tools• Utilizes Web 2.0 tools to and technologies complete assignments • Curriculum both face-to-face and online in different modalities• Actively engaged in content • Curriculum and assignments mostly online and graded online • Embraces redundancy and change
    39. 39. Quick Quiz – Blended Teaching or Not? Strategy Yes No MaybeTeacher posts an article online for studentsto read.Students turn work in online and teachergrades all work onlineTeacher utilizes online discussion boardswith students in an ongoing wayStudents create a PowerPoint presentationand present it in class
    40. 40. Online Teaching TechnologyTextbook EnhancedEnhanced TeachingTeaching Web / Online Enhanced Teaching From Textbook to Online Teaching
    41. 41. Join us! International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL)• iNACOL is the premier K-12 nonprofit association for online and blended learning• 4400+ members in K-12 virtual schools and online learning representing over 50 countries• Provides leadership, advocacy, research, training, and networking with experts in K-12 online learning.• “Ensure every student has access to the best education available regardless of geography, income or background.”• Annual Symposium: Orlando, FL, October 27-30, 2013
    42. 42. Remember…This is a journey,not a destination. And…
    43. 43. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful,committed “educators” can change the world.Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” - Margaret Mead
    44. 44. Contact Info• www.inacol.org• Rob Darrow – rdarrow@inacol.org

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