What kinds of educational resources can be openly licensed? Textual material Pictures Videos Entire courses
OER: What are they and how can I use them?
OERs: What are they and how can I use them? • Rob Darrow, Director of Member Services January 2013 Presentation: robdarrow.wikispaces.comwww.inacol.org
Content Contributed by:• TJ Bliss, iNACOL OER Fellow• Jared Robinson, Open Education Group, Brigham Young University• Annie Swinton, Science Teacher , Open High School of Utah
Introductions• Me: Director of Member Services, iNACOL, former online school principal (Clovis Unified in Central Ca), father of a 23-year-old – My online and blended learning journey• You: teachers? Administrators? K-6? 7- 12? Librarians? District?
Who is iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Educators, policy makers, researchers, non-profits, for-profits, support staff, teachers, and administrators• K-12 schools, universities, think tanks, regional service agencies, county offices, organizations, etc.
Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Passion for online and blended learning• Receive daily news and research updates about online and blended learning• Contribute to the online and blended learning voice and conversation• Participate in regional and standing committees
Why join iNACOL? www.inacol.org• Participate in webinars and related activities (access to Archives)• Reduced cost for attending yearly iNACOL Symposium (Oct. 27-30, 2013, Orlando, FL)• Membership: $60 for educators – Other memberships: School, institution, companies, etc.
What do you know…• About Open Educational Resources?• OERs….
Quick History• 1994 – Wayne Hodgins coined the phrase “Learning Objects”• 1998 – David Wiley (BYU Professor) coined term “open content”, and morphed into Open Educational Resources (OER)• 2001 – Larry Lessig (Stanford Professor) and others founded Creative Commons• 2001 – MIT launched OpenCourseWare initiative• 2002 – UNESCO held OER Forum
UNESCO – OER Definition• Defined as: “technology-enabled, open provision of educational resources for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non- commercial purposes.”• They are typically free
Education Is Sharing • the technical argumentwww.inacol.org
Teachers Share WithStudents • knowledge and skills • feedback and criticism • encouragementwww.inacol.org
Students Share WithTeachers • questions • assignments • testswww.inacol.org
If There Is No Sharing • there is no educationwww.inacol.org
Successful Educators • share most completely • with the most studentswww.inacol.org
Knowledge is Magical • can be given without being given awaywww.inacol.org
PhysicalExpressions AreNot• to give a book you must give it awaywww.inacol.org
When Expressions AreDigital • they also become magicalwww.inacol.org
E.g., Online Book • We can all read simultaneouslywww.inacol.org
An Indescribable Advance • the first time in human historywww.inacol.org
Both Knowledge andExpressions • can be given without being given awaywww.inacol.org
Unprecedented Capacity • we can share as never beforewww.inacol.org
Unprecedented Capacity • we can educate as never before • Formally and informallywww.inacol.org
Educating formally and informally • Some examples? www.inacol.org
What Does “Share” Mean? • online it means copy and distributewww.inacol.org
Cost of “Copy” • For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084www.inacol.org
Cost of “Distribute” • For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • Distribute by Internet - $0.00072www.inacol.org
Copy and Distribute are“Free” • this changes everythingwww.inacol.org
Educational Sharing • also means adapting or editingwww.inacol.org
Educational Sharing – Most of us have always done this • Across all grade levels – Sharing lessons – Life giving • When I taught Kindergartenwww.inacol.org
How many have heard of “fair use” policy • Ability for those of us in education to make copies and share with others at no cost for our students • Videos, etc.www.inacol.org
Sense-making, Meaning-making • connecting to prior knowledge • relating to past experience • (in an appropriate language)www.inacol.org
Digital Makes Editing “Free” • editing a printed book or magazine • is difficult and expensivewww.inacol.org
Free Copy, Distribute, Edit • we can share as never beforewww.inacol.org
Free Copy, Distribute, Edit • we can educate as never beforewww.inacol.org
OER and Professional Development Examples• Classroom 2.0: http://www.classroom20.com/• OER Commons: http://wiki.oercommons.org/• iNACOL Webinars: http://www.inacol.org/events/
Quick Commercial• iNACOL sponsoring a series of 6 free webinars• Topic: Competency Based Education• First day: Jan. 31• “Competencies and Common Core”• www.inacol.org/events
Some Content Development Examples• Four school districts in Arizona are currently collaborating on the development and adoption of open textbooks for high school math and science.• The Utah State Office of Education announced that it will be supporting the development of Utah-specific open textbooks for all secondary language arts, mathematics, and science courses…for Fall 2012.
OER Projects: Object Repositories, Courses, and CoursewareCarnegie Mellon University (OLI) http://www.cmu.edu/oli/Creative Commons http://creativecommons.orgCurriki http://www.curriki.org/HippoCampus (NROC) http://new.HippoCampus.orgOER Commons http://www.oercommons.org/Open High School of Utah http://www.openhighschool.org/Open CourseWare Consortium http://www.ocwconsortium.orgRice Connexions http://cnx.orgSaylor Foundation http://saylor.orgOpen Textbook Projects:College Open Textbooks http:// http://collegeopentextbooks.oCK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.com
Rice Connexions http://cnx.orgSaylor Foundation http://saylor.orgOpen Textbook Projects:College Open Textbooks http:// http://collegeopentextbooks.org/CK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.comMore Open Portals, Repositories, Referatories and Specialized Collections:California Learning Resource Network http://www.clrn.org/home/Digital Learning Commons http://www.learningcommons.org/ide@s (U of Wisconsin System) http://www.ideas.wisconsin.eduitunes U http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
CK12 http://www.ck12.org/flexr/FlatWorldKnowledge http://www.flatworldknowledge.comMore Open Portals, Repositories, Referatories and Specialized Collections:California Learning Resource Network http://www.clrn.org/home/Digital Learning Commons http://www.learningcommons.org/ide@s (U of Wisconsin System) http://www.ideas.wisconsin.eduitunes U http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/K12 Open Ed Wiki http://www.k12opened.com/aboutKhan Academy http://www.khanacademy.org/Merlot http://www.merlot.orgNational Science Digital Library http://nsdl.org/NOAA http://www.education.noaa.gov/PBS Teachers http://www.pbs.org/teachers/PhET http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulations/category/newTeacher’s Domain http://www.teachersdomain.org/Teacher Tube http://www.teachertube.com/Wisc-Online http://www.wisc-online.com
California Specific (free)• UC Scout (free online courses) - http://www.ucscout.org/• NROC/Hippo Campus – www.hippocampus.org/• K-12 High Speed Network www.k12hsn.org/resources/
A Whole OER School in Utah• http://www.openhighschool.org/• All courses built by teachers• All courses built with OER• All courses free to use:• http://openhighschoolcourses.org/
OHSU: Selecting OER• Start with standards – Shared list – Very selective• Teacher forum to share what we find• Evaluate courses and resources (peer and self)• Courses are dynamic (not static)• Data-driven
Using OER• Primary & supplementary resources – Reading, videos, interactives, guided practice, independent practice• Technical embedding of OER – Student access via LMS (Moodle), Google site, wiki, blog, etc. – Embed – iframes – Minimal external links
Go-to OER (Annie Swinton)• Ck-12• Khan Academy• Hippocampus / NROC• Goorulearning• SAS Curriculum Pathways• Braingenie
OER Evaluation ChecklistCurricular Relevance•Completeness•Standards-aligned•Quality•Audience•Maintenance
OER Policy• Developing state, district and school policies Some examples: • Open High School of Utah Charter: “OHSU will be the first school in the United States to utilize a curriculum entirely based on OER in a high school setting.” • WA H.B. 2337: “Requires the superintendent of public instruction…to take the lead in identifying and developing a library of openly licensed courseware aligned with the common core state standards and placed under an attribution license…that allows others to use, distribute, and create derivative works based upon the digital material, while still allowing the authors or creators to retain the copyright and to receive credit for their efforts.”
OER Policy• Gov. Schwarzeneggers California’s Open Textbook Initiative – A start• http://www.clrn.org/fdti/
Collaborative Content Development• iNACOL is working on new guide for the collaborative development of content using OER: – Why it’s important to use/develop OER – How and why on getting started – Lessons learned from past/current initiatives – Steps to take – Recommendations – Resources
iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring of Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER 1. OER Collaborative Development Guide • Practical guide for states, districts, and schools for content development in the context of the common core.
iNACOL OER Policy Fellow TJ Bliss firstname.lastname@example.org Dissertation research on studentperceptions of open online textbooks.
Contact Information• Rob Darrow, Director of Member Services. email@example.com• TJ Bliss, iNACOL OER Fellow, firstname.lastname@example.org• Annie Swinton - email@example.com• Jared Robinson, BYU Open Education Group. firstname.lastname@example.org