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Demonstrative lesson on Guernica (History//Art) by class 3A.
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Demonstrative lesson on Guernica (History//Art) by class 3A.

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Demonstrative lesson on Guernica (History//Art) by class 3A.

Demonstrative lesson on Guernica (History//Art) by class 3A.


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  • 1. Guernica is here: a small town in Northern Spain
  • 2. An unhappy primacyAn unhappy primacy GUERNICA was bombed by nazisGUERNICA was bombed by nazis on April 1937, during the civilon April 1937, during the civil war in Spain. Nazis and fascistswar in Spain. Nazis and fascists helped general Francisco Franco inhelped general Francisco Franco in this civil war and he set up athis civil war and he set up a dictator ship,up to 1978.dictator ship,up to 1978. Nazis massacred a lot of civilianNazis massacred a lot of civilian people.people. This was an unhappy primacyThis was an unhappy primacy !!
  • 3. DICTATORS I N EUROPEDICTATORS I N EUROPE FRANCISCO FRANCO From 1937 to 1978 HITLER From 1933 to 1945 MUSSOLINI From 1925 to 1945 SPAIN ITALY GERMANY On the next page, weOn the next page, we showed right –wingshowed right –wing dictatorships.dictatorships. In Europe there wasIn Europe there was another dictatorship too.another dictatorship too. The CommunistThe Communist dictatorship, in USSR withdictatorship, in USSR with Stalin. It lasted from 1927Stalin. It lasted from 1927 to 1989.to 1989.
  • 4. Guernica’s massacre inspired PabloGuernica’s massacre inspired Pablo Picasso, who paintedPicasso, who painted «GUERNICA»«GUERNICA»,,following Cubist art.following Cubist art. He wanted to show atrocities of war.He wanted to show atrocities of war. With this opera, Picasso wanted toWith this opera, Picasso wanted to represent Spain in Universal Expositionrepresent Spain in Universal Exposition in Paris ,in 1937in Paris ,in 1937
  • 5. In this picture there isn’t colour butIn this picture there isn’t colour but grey and black shades only.grey and black shades only. It is a large panel, its dimensions areIt is a large panel, its dimensions are about 8m. X 3m.5.about 8m. X 3m.5. Today you can see this masterpiece inToday you can see this masterpiece in Regina Sofia’s Museum, in MadrRegina Sofia’s Museum, in Madr id.id.
  • 6. A CURIOSITYA CURIOSITY Some nazis asked Picasso:Some nazis asked Picasso: « Did you paint this Horror?».« Did you paint this Horror?». Picasso answered:Picasso answered: « No,You did it».« No,You did it».