Guernica is here: a small town in
An unhappy primacyAn unhappy primacy
GUERNICA was bombed by nazisGUERNICA was bombed by nazis
on April 1937, during the civilon April 1937, during the civil
war in Spain. Nazis and fascistswar in Spain. Nazis and fascists
helped general Francisco Franco inhelped general Francisco Franco in
this civil war and he set up athis civil war and he set up a
dictator ship,up to 1978.dictator ship,up to 1978.
Nazis massacred a lot of civilianNazis massacred a lot of civilian
This was an unhappy primacyThis was an unhappy primacy !!
DICTATORS I N EUROPEDICTATORS I N EUROPE
From 1937 to 1978
From 1933 to 1945
From 1925 to 1945
On the next page, weOn the next page, we
showed right –wingshowed right –wing
In Europe there wasIn Europe there was
another dictatorship too.another dictatorship too.
The CommunistThe Communist
dictatorship, in USSR withdictatorship, in USSR with
Stalin. It lasted from 1927Stalin. It lasted from 1927
to 1989.to 1989.
Guernica’s massacre inspired PabloGuernica’s massacre inspired Pablo
Picasso, who paintedPicasso, who painted
«GUERNICA»«GUERNICA»,,following Cubist art.following Cubist art.
He wanted to show atrocities of war.He wanted to show atrocities of war.
With this opera, Picasso wanted toWith this opera, Picasso wanted to
represent Spain in Universal Expositionrepresent Spain in Universal Exposition
in Paris ,in 1937in Paris ,in 1937
In this picture there isn’t colour butIn this picture there isn’t colour but
grey and black shades only.grey and black shades only.
It is a large panel, its dimensions areIt is a large panel, its dimensions are
about 8m. X 3m.5.about 8m. X 3m.5.
Today you can see this masterpiece inToday you can see this masterpiece in
Regina Sofia’s Museum, in MadrRegina Sofia’s Museum, in Madr id.id.
A CURIOSITYA CURIOSITY
Some nazis asked Picasso:Some nazis asked Picasso:
« Did you paint this Horror?».« Did you paint this Horror?».
Picasso answered:Picasso answered:
« No,You did it».« No,You did it».