Constantin Brancusi the greatest romanian sculptor
Brancusi was born in 1876 in Hobita in Gorj Country. In his childhood he
had learned to sculpt the wood for manufacture some of the tools and
home objects .In Romania , home objects , side of the houses were
often decorated with wood sculptures .The stile of this ornaments will
influence Brancusi creation .In his memories the artist said that” the
mode of his life is influenced by the origin country , respective of:
simplicity , good taste , love for the nature.”
At the age of 9 he left home and maintain himself . He worked for 6
years like a shop boy in Craiova. In all of this time he continued to sculpt
He left by foot with his bag in the back and he wanted to arrive to
Paris. He arrived in Munich were he staid until the spring in 1904 , after he
took back the way to Paris , where he arrived in 14 of July.
In 1906 he exposed for the first time at Paris , in the Saloon of National
Society of Beautiful Art , and then at the Saloon of Autos.
His first works , in classic stile emanating a powerful energy , stands under
the sing of Rodin. Brancusi had worked like a professional in the atelier
of Rodin , and then left him for finding his own identity, saying: ”Nothing
can grow in the shade of big trees”. In this period he developed his own
At his death , Brancusi left his creation from the work shops or the
museums of art from Paris , with the condition that the work shop would
be restored in the frame of the museum.
*School works (1898-1906):Bust of George Chitu (1987), Vitelius (1898),
Apulia's Loncoon C (1900), Ercoseul (1902), Ion Georgescu (1902), Carol
Davila (1903), Pride (1905 ), Painter Darascu (1906), Child (1906), Head of
child (1906), Torture (1906).
*Works in the period of towers: Kiss (1907), sense the earth (1907), Head of
child (1907 - 1908), torture (1907), Sleep (1908), Head child sleeping (1908),
Danaida - 1908, Fragment spinner - in 1909, Baronesa RF (1909), Muse
asleep in marble (1909), Muse asleep in bronze (1910) The monument's
funerary Petre Stanescu of Cebu (1908 - 1910), Prayer (1910), Bust of Petre
Stanescu (1910), Bird Maiastra (1910), Kiss (1910).
*Mature pieces of art (1911-1956)
“From Goth style to nowadays , the European sculpture has been sieged by
all sort of elements that was hidding it's form. It was Brancusi’s special mission
to eliminate what was in vain and give the form a rebirth.”
Significant works from that period: Test flying (1943) , Penguins (1912) , The first
step( 1913) , First yelled( 1914) , Prodigal Son( 1915 ), The witch ( 1916) ,
Column Kiss( 1916) , Adam (1917) , Endless column ( 1918), Chimera (1918) ,
Golden Bird (1919) , Beginning World(1920) , Adam and Eva (1921 ), The
fish( 1922), Bird on high (1923) , Blonde black girl(1924) , The Leader(1925) ,The
fish (1927) , The headstone of Sanda Polizu-Micsunesti (1928) (“Dan
Brancusi’s sculpturees give the sensation of movement allthough they stand
still in a space crossed in a continuous movement.”) , The portret of A.
Fundoianu (1929 ), The new-born (1930) , Bird on high ( 1931 – 1936) , Vatra
( 1934) , Foca (1936) , Endless column ( 1937) , Table of Silence, The
It is in the Public Garden, situated on the left shore of the river Jiu.
It is made of stone, formed from two big pieces in circular from;
this was the last of the three choices tired by the sculptor.
Around the table are 12 chairs in round clepsydra form in each
side, all made from the same stone.
The work started in 1937 and finished in 1938.
It is the central alee of the Public Garden that connects The Table
of Silence and The Hiss Gate.
From each side are about 15 chairs of stone, formed in square by
each side, which are disposed in groups of three.
The alee was open in 1937 and the chairs were put there in 1938.
the chairs aren’t made that people could sit on them.
The Kiss Gate , the fortress without doors and no stopping of the
oldest ceremonies of love , where man and woman are bound for
ever - the half of their life bounding for ever.
The figurate eyes like two hemispheres represent the love , the
fusion between man and woman.
But the intelligence of the master goes so far doe in this union of
the eyes he sees the fusion of everything: the Universe , the Earth ,
the moon-woman , the Sun , the sky-man.
It is on Via Sacra , at the end of the East side of the street
“Heroes Way”, on the hill that forms the park with the same name,
The Infinite Column is situated in the same line with the others
works from the Public Garden, almost 1700 miles from them.
It is made from metallically pieces of cast iron in rhomb forms ,
put one of each other vertically. It was made in 1937, and
alimented in 1938. It has 29,33 meters and it’s weights 29 tones.
On 19th February every year it is celebrated the birthday of a great
Romanian sculptor named Constantin Brancusi.
133 years have passed since his birth and on this occasion we had
the opportunity to participate at a cultural symposium about “The
life and the opera of Brancusi “unfolded in our in Targu-Jiu. In frame
of this symposium participated different cultural people of our
country together with the students from more schools who had
presented a series of composition works and even a play about
Brancusi, surprised very well “the essence of the Brancusi opera “.This
works were analyzed by the jury, which brought more information’s
related in the sculptors works, and details of his life .We were very
excited to find out more new things that we didn’t know such as
the period evolution of kiss, a very important theme because we
find her at several creations of the artist. Although the symposium
lasted few hours we couldn’t noticed passage of time because all
of us try to imagine the forms of Brancusi opera’s and so we
understood better the message sent by him. We learned a lot of
things from this experience and we believe that we are able in the
future to present this creation of the most important Romanian
sculptor to you!