Evolution of and Towards Futurism

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Read about the creative artistic Futurism and you'll read the names of notorious dictators who twisted the ideals of speed and development associated with it to vindicate their irrational regimes against people and society.

Yet this slideshare proposes a narrative showing that Futurism was simply a crystallisation of many influences and also makes many hallmarks today.

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Evolution of and Towards Futurism

  1. 1. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) 1900 1920 1940 Art Nouveau FUTURISM Dada Art Deco Constructivism Bauhaus Surrealism CUBISM ARTDESIGNMOVEMENTSDEVELOPMENTS, EVENTS&INVENTIONS France c.1908 Italy c.1909 Pablo Picasso & Georges Braque Felippo Tommaso Marinetti 1895 X-Ray 1899 1st wireless message sent 1901 Nobel Prize in Physics 1902 Racing Cars reach 100km/hr 1905 Voisin Brothers build aircraft in Paris 1909 1st person crosses English Channel in aeroplane 1911 Italy goes to war with Turkey 1911 Revolution in China 1913 35mm Camera invented 1914 WW1 starts EVOLUTION OF FUTURISM
  2. 2. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  3. 3. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  4. 4. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Germany Munich University b. 1845, d. 1923
  5. 5. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  6. 6. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  7. 7. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  8. 8. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  9. 9. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  10. 10. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) Representations of: WW1
  11. 11. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) Impressionism CHARACTERISTICS: Woman with a Parasol, Claude Monet, 1875 • visible brushstrokes • light colors • open composition • emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time) • ordinary subject matter, and unusual visual angles Impressionism
  12. 12. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) Post Impressionism An extension of Impressionism exploiting the true lack of form consisting of more experimental techniques including: • pointillism • divisionism The Gardener Vallier, Paul Cezanne 1906
  13. 13. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) Post Impressionism - Pointillism technique Techniques uses dots instead of broad strokes Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, A, 1884-86 TRY THIS: http://www.epcomm.com/center/point/point.htm The individual dots of red, yellow and blue are sucked in through your eyes and mixed-up in your head to create a variety of shimmering shades A pointillistic study of colour
  14. 14. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) CUBISM A style which restructured observable real world objects by their Planal Form: • simplification • distortion • emphasis • Basic geometric shapes • A new manner of representation Breakfast, Juan Gris, 1915 Said to be a reaction against the set formlessness of Impressionism INFLUENCES: said to have been Tribal Art in which find many themes adapted from African art
  15. 15. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2)
  16. 16. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) 1895 X-Ray 1899 1st wireless message sent 1901 Nobel Prize in Physics 1902 Racing Cars reach 100km/hr 1905 Voisin Brothers build aircraft in Paris 1909 1st person crosses English Channel in aeroplane 1911 Italy goes to war with Turkey 1911 Revolution in China 1913 35mm Camera invented 1914 WW1 starts FUTURISM
  17. 17. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) A Manifesto was published (in French newspaper Le Figaro on 20 Feb 1919 onto the mass public) Fosused on: (dynamic, energetic and violent character of changing 20th Century life, especially city life) Glorified the machine and the modern age and the city Highly influential on other art movements and artists Main artists: Boccioni, Cara, Balla and Severini FUTURISM - THE FACTS Literary and poetic in origin but then extended: (including poetry, literature, painting, graphics, typography, sculpture, product design, architecture, photography, cinema and performing arts)
  18. 18. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM - THE STYLE Forces of a Street, Umberto Boccioni, 1911 Complementary contrasts: • red / blue • green / orange • violet / yellow The pre- requisites for modern painting Movement was referred to by light and destroyed solid bodies leading to a representative style Optical appearances Scientific insights Essence of motion / music
  19. 19. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) A lack of concern for aesthetic innovation Manifestos (visions of the new industrialised world) Glorification of technology (speed, vital life) Encouraging interaction and for people to take part in art, poetry, theatre A brand new anarchy FUTURISM - THEY SPOKE OF… Beasts within the city (roaring motorcar/polluting factories) Rejecting the static qualities of Cubism
  20. 20. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM SUPERMENAnd not helpless victims of social inequality
  21. 21. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM - POSSIBILITIES Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994) by Maggi Hambling (b.1945) What is special about: - Colour - Painting technique - Subject matter
  22. 22. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM - POSSIBILITIES Brahma Hindu trinity of: • Brahma - the creator • Vishnu - the preserver • Shiva - the destroyer What do you notice? The daily alternation of light and dark is attributed to the activity of Brahma
  23. 23. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM - POSSIBILITIES Evening dress, Blancquaert, c.1927 By the 1920s, hemlines had shortened to just below the knee It is embroidered with tassels of beads and sequins that would have danced and swirled with her every movement What would the dress capture?
  24. 24. DM101 Contextual Stud FdA • Contextual Studies (Term 4.2) FUTURISM - POSSIBILITIES Kaleidoscope, invented by Sir David Brewster, 1816 Named after the Greek words: • Kalos (beautiful) • Eidos (form) • Scopos (Watcher) BEAUTIFUL FORM WATCHER

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