Span of Control (Management)

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Span of Control (Management)

  1. 1.  What is the Span of Control? › The number of people who report to one manager in a hierarchy › The more people under the control of one manager - the wider the span of control › Less means a narrower span of control  Example below shows a span of control of 4 for the Marketing Manager Marketing Manager Market Researcher Telesales Supervisor Customer Care Assistant Marketing Assistant
  2. 2. GRAICUNAS HAS IDENTIFIED THREE TYPES OF SUPERIOR:  DIRECT SINGLE RELATIONSHIP  DIRECT GROUP RELATIONSHIP  CROSS RELATIONSHIP
  3. 3.  CAPACITY OF SUPERIOR.  CAPACITY OF SUBORDINATE.  NATURE OF WORK.  DEGREE OF DECENTRALIZATION.  DEGREE OF PLANNING.  COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE.  USE OF STAFF ASSISTANCE.  SUPERVISION FROM OTHERS.
  4. 4.  NARROW SPAN OF MANAGEMANT:- THIS MEANS A SINGLE MANAGERS OR SUPERVISOR OVERSEES FEW SUBORDINATES. THIS GIVES A RISE TO A TALL ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.  WIDE SPAN OF MANAGEMENT:- THIS MEANS A SINGLE MANAGERS OR SUPERVISOR OVERSEES A LARGE NUMBER OF SUBORDINATES. THIS GIVES A RISE TO A FLAT STRUCTURE.
  5. 5. BOXES DEFINE THE LABEL OF MANAGERS OR SUBORDINATES
  6. 6.  FIRSTLY, WITHIN TALL ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE THERE IS A CLOSE SUPERVISORY CONTROL BECAUSE OF THE LOW SPAN OF MANAGERS.  SECONDLY, IT IS MORE AUTHORISED STRUCTURE.  THIRDLY,IN A TALL STRUCTURE THE RESPONSIBLE PERSON IS OTHER ACCOUNTABLE TO THE HIGHER AUTHORITY.  FOURTHLY, THIS STRUCTURE ENHANCE THE CONTROL OF THE TOP REGULATION OVER THE ORGANIZATION.
  7. 7.  FIRSTLY, EMPLOYEES ARE LESS MOTIVATED WITHIN THIS STRUCTURE.  SECONDLY, VERDICT MAKING IS SLOW.  THIRDLY, TALL STRUCTURE CREATES COMMUNICATION BARRIERS BETWEEN THE UPPER AND LOWER MANAGEMENT.  FOURTHLY, LESS BENEFIT AND REWARDS ARE GIVEN TO THE BODY IN THE TALL ORGANISATION.
  8. 8.  FLAT ORGANIZATION IS LESS COSTLY.  QUICK DECISION AND ACTION CAN BE TAKEN.  FAST AND CLEAR COMMUNICATION .  SUBORDINATES ARE FREE FROM CLOSE AND STRICT SUPERVISION AND CONTROL.  SUPERIOR MAY NOT BE TOO DOMINATING BECAUSE OF LARGE NUMBER OF SUBORDINATES.
  9. 9.  THERE ARE CHANCES OF LOOSE CONTROL BECAUSE THERE ARE MANY SUBORDINATES UNDER ONE MANAGERS.  THE DISCIPLINE IN THE ORGANISATION MAY BE BAD.  THE RELATION BETWEEN THE SUPERIOR AND SUBORDINATE MAY BE BAD.  CLOSE AND INFORMAL RELATION MAY NOT BE POSSIBLE.  AND BECAUSE OF ALL THESE THE QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE MY BE BAD.
  10. 10.  NARROW SPAN OF MANAGEMENT IS MORE COSTLY COMPARED TO WIDE SPAN OF MANAGEMENT AS THERE ARE LARGE NUMBER OF SUPERIOR/MANAGERS AND THUS THERE IS GREAT COMMUNICATION ISSUES TOO BETWEEN VARIOUS MANAGEMENT LEVELS.
  11. 11.  THE SAME NUMBER OF WORKERS REQUIREMENT OF SUPERVISORY PERSONNEL AT SPAN OF 4 IS 1,365 AND AT SPAN OF 8 IS ONLY 585. THEREFORE, LOOKING INTO THE COST OF EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONNEL AND THEIR AVAILABILITY, IT IS PREFERABLE TO GO FOR WIDER SPAN OF MANAGEMENT.

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