Recruitment is the Development and maintenanceof adequate manpower resources. It involves thecreation of a pool of available labor upon whom theorganization can draw when it needs additionalEmployees.Every organization needs to recruit people to carryout the organization goals or activities recruitmentmeans generating applicants for specific positions.Once a determination of human resourcerequirement has been made, the recruitment andhiring process Begins.
In Short Recruitment is Two fold function:1) To Discover the Sources of Manpower to match job requirements and job Specifications. 2)To Attract An Adequate no. of Perspective Employees to permit meaningful selection of the required personnel.
Definition : Acc. to Edwin B. FlippoRecruitment is the Process of Searching forProspective employees and stimulatingthem to apply jobs in the organization. Acc. to Mathis and Jackson Recruitment isthe process of generating a pool of qualifiedapplicants for organization jobs.
a) Vacancies are created due to transfer , Promotion , retirement , termination or due to Death.b) Vacancies are created due to Expansion , Diversification and growth of Business.c) A rising Standard of livingd) Due to Increasing Competition
Requisition of Recruitments of various Department Assess personnel Requirements Job description & Specifications Search for ProspectiveIdentifying the Employees Evaluating sources of a) Informing People of Effectiveness of Potential job openings Recruitment Employees b) Attracting Candidates Transferring to Personal research New JobInternal sources Job posting Upgrading in Same Experience Position Promoting to Higher Jobs Employee ReferralsExternal sources Advertising
There are Two sources of recruitment 1. Internal sources 2.External sources
The Best Employees can be found within the organization itself .Internal Sources refer to the present working force of a Company.a) Promotion : It means appointing an employee to a position of greater Responsibility. It is a good source to meet Personnel demand.b) Transfer : It involves shifting of an employee from one job to another without changing Responsibilities . It can Both Solve and Create Problems.
c) Past employees :An organization must also consider those who served in the company in the past but quit voluntarily or due to retrenchment and wants to return if organization wants to Re-Employ.d) Dependents : Dependents and Relatives of Deceased and Disable Employees may also be Hired.e) Apprentice: Persons working as apprentice in the company may also be Hired whenever a clear vacancy is there.
a) Employees are motivated to improve their Performance.b) Morale of the Employees is Increased.c) It motivates the Employees to Improve their performance.d) It saves time.e) It saves Cost.f) Transfer and Job rotation is a tool of training the employees to Prepare them for Higher Jobs.
a) When vacancies are filled through Internal Promotions , the scope for fresh talent is Reduced.b) The spirit of Competition among the Employees may be Reduced.c) The employees may become lethargic if they are sure of time bound promotions.d) Frequent transfers of Employees may reduce the overall productivity of an Organization.
It is sometimes necessary to bring in some “New Blood” to Broaden the Present Ideas ,Knowledge and Enthusiasm.a) Direct Recruitmentb) Casual Callers or Unsolicited applicationsc) Media Advertisementsd) Employment Agenciese) Management consultants or Head Huntersf) Educational Institutions or Campus Recruitmentg) Recommendations or referralsh) Labor Contractorsi) Telecasting
a) Qualified Personnelb) Wider Choicec) Fresh Talentd) Competitive Spirit
a) Lengthy processb) Costly processc) Uncertain Responsed) Dissatisfaction among Existing Staff
Selection is the Process to choose right type ofcandidates for various positions in the organization. It involves a series of steps by which the candidatesare screened for choosing the Most suitable personsfor vacant posts .The aim of selection Process is to reject the Unsuitablecandidates and it attract applicants for vacant jobs inthe organization. It is a negative Process because itInvolves Rejection of Unsuitable candidates.It is a complex Process under which each candidate isrequired to cross a number of hurdles before gettingthe offer for a job.
The Factors to be considered for selecting the Right person for the right job are as under :a) Physical characteristics – Sound, body, weight, height, sight etc.b) Personal Characteristics – Age, Gender , Marital status , Family Background etc.c) Proficiency or Skill and ability – Qualifications and previous experience.d) Competency- It points out capacity to acquire knowledge and skills for success on the job.e) Temperament and character – Emotional ,Moral and social Qualities ,honesty and Loyalty etc.f) Interest- Without Interest work is colorless and meaningless .so the interest of the candidate must be judged before selecting him.
The Procedure of selection will vary from organizationto organization and even from department todepartment within the same organization acc to thekinds of job. However the main steps or Stages inselection Procedure are : S Preliminary Interview Interview E L Receiving Applications Reference Checking E C T Screening Applications Medical examination I O Employment test Final Selection N
Step I- Preliminary InterviewStep II-Receiving ApplicationsStep III-Screening of applicationsStep IV- Employment TestsStep V-Employment interviewStep VI- Checking ReferencesStep VII- Medical ExaminationsStep VIII- Final Selection And Appointment Letter