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  • 1. Gettier Case <br />I have a red hat which I really like. Today, I hang out with my friends and want to wear my red hat. I see a red hat on my table, so I know that my red hat is in my room. In other words, I have a justified belief that my red hat is in my room as I believe it is my red hat that is on my table and I can justify my belief by using ways of knowing, especially perception. However, the red hat on my table is actually not my red hat which I really like. It is my sister’s red hat that she just bought today. Since her red hat is very similar to mine, I misunderstand that it is mine. But my red hat is actually under the bed, so my red hat really is in my room as I believe. So, I can say I have knowledge that my hat is in my room, because I believe my red hat is in my room, I can justify my belief, and it is actually true that my red hat is in my room. However, although my red hat is really in my room, the red hat I recognize on my table is not my red hat. Although Plato stated that K=JTB, my knowledge is not the same as the truth because the red hat I see is not the same one as I think I see. Therefore, knowledge is sometimes not equal to justified true belief. <br />