Argument Essays

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Argument Essays

  1. 1. ArgumentFrom Patterns Ch. 16
  2. 2. Argument: DefinitionAn argument is a line of reasoning intended to persuade the reader or listener that certain ideas are valid while others are not.An argument has three essential parts:  An issue  A position  Support
  3. 3. AppealsAn argument is based on the use of three different appeals:  Emotional (ethos)  Logical (logos)  Ethical (ethos)However, in an argument essay, logical appeals should take precedence over the others.
  4. 4. Argument: Thesis StatementThe thesis statement for an argument essay should:  identify the issue  state your position on the issue  list the major reasons used as support for your position. The thesis statement should also be debatable. You should be able to create an antithesis to your thesis.
  5. 5. Analyzing Audience It is important to consider the three kinds of audience members who may read your argument:  Audiences who agree with your position  Neutral audiences  Audiences who disagree with your position
  6. 6. Using SupportThere are two main kinds of support in an argument essay:  reasons - general statements that logically support your position  evidence - outside research that supports your position.  The most common types of evidence are: facts and statistics, quotations from authorities, examples, and personal experience.
  7. 7. Dealing with the opposition A key element of any argument essay is to acknowledge and argue against an opposing viewpoint. This is known as refutation. Refutation has two benefits in an argument essay:  It can expose the weakness of the opposing argument and reinforce the strength of your own  It can show that you are being fair and accurate, thus avoiding sounding overly biased in your essay.

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