Argument: DefinitionAn argument is a line of reasoning intended to persuade the reader or listener that certain ideas are valid while others are not.An argument has three essential parts: An issue A position Support
AppealsAn argument is based on the use of three different appeals: Emotional (ethos) Logical (logos) Ethical (ethos)However, in an argument essay, logical appeals should take precedence over the others.
Argument: Thesis StatementThe thesis statement for an argument essay should: identify the issue state your position on the issue list the major reasons used as support for your position. The thesis statement should also be debatable. You should be able to create an antithesis to your thesis.
Analyzing Audience It is important to consider the three kinds of audience members who may read your argument: Audiences who agree with your position Neutral audiences Audiences who disagree with your position
Using SupportThere are two main kinds of support in an argument essay: reasons - general statements that logically support your position evidence - outside research that supports your position. The most common types of evidence are: facts and statistics, quotations from authorities, examples, and personal experience.
Dealing with the opposition A key element of any argument essay is to acknowledge and argue against an opposing viewpoint. This is known as refutation. Refutation has two benefits in an argument essay: It can expose the weakness of the opposing argument and reinforce the strength of your own It can show that you are being fair and accurate, thus avoiding sounding overly biased in your essay.