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openp2pdesign.org. Metadesign and Strategic Design For Open Design Projects. Open 2009 Helsinki
 

openp2pdesign.org. Metadesign and Strategic Design For Open Design Projects. Open 2009 Helsinki

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Keynote Speech at Open 2009

Keynote Speech at Open 2009
Media Lab Helsinki Doctor of Arts Symposium
5th–6th November at Media Lab
University of Art and Design Helsinki
http://opensymposium.net/2009/

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    openp2pdesign.org. Metadesign and Strategic Design For Open Design Projects. Open 2009 Helsinki openp2pdesign.org. Metadesign and Strategic Design For Open Design Projects. Open 2009 Helsinki Presentation Transcript

    • openp2pdesign.org Metadesign and Strategic Design for Open Design Projects Massimo Menichinelli Open 2009 November 6th 2009 Media Lab University of Art and Design Helsinki http://mlabsymp.uiah.fi/2009/ http://openp2pdesign.org
    • 01. openp2pdesign.org, and where it started
    • What is openp2pdesign.org? It's a Strategic Design project that offers Open P2P Design projects It's not a startup (yet) but an hub in the Open Design network Strategic Design: “the integrated body of products, services and communication strategies that business and social actors conceive and develop to obtain a set of Yes, but what is specific strategic results” Open P2P http://www.polidesign.net/mds/ Design?
    • Where do openp2pdesign.org and Open P2P Design come from? * March 2005 * a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon) * Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.fi/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php --> How can we design projects for a locality and its community? --> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
    • Free Software/Open Source and P2P were just breaking into other disciplines... * Open Source Everywhere http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.11/opensource.html * Open Publishing * Open Content * Open Biotechnology * Open Source Religion * Open Cola / Open Beer * Open Design * (...and more coming later) Fre Software, Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communities
    • Designing Open Collaborative projects: Thinkcycle http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/ Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org This is... Open Design!
    • Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British Design Council) http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ This is... P2P Service Design!
    • April 2006, Master Degree Thesis: Reti Collaborative. Il design per una auto-organizzazione Open Peer-to-Peer (Collaborative Networks. Design for an Open Peer-to-Peer self-organization) Tutor: Ezio Manzini Politecnico di Milano, Faculty of Design You can download it here: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/blog/texts
    • 02. Open P2P Design: a Metadesign methodology proposal
    • What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systems A promising way to design with/for a Community and its Locality
    • Why Open / P2P forms are promising? * Open Source is based on Communities * Communities are Complex Systems * Bazaar style enables parallel projects, then evolution, self- organization and emergence * Complex Systems can solve Complex Problems Complex Open P2P communities could: --> solve complex problems --> design complex projects --> design complex collaborative activities Open P2P forms as a Ko Kuwabara design project and a “Linux: A Bazaar at the design tool Edge of Chaos” http://firstmonday.org
    • Open Source projects as Complex Systems? Just look at the following pictures...
    • Innovation in a closed, hierarchical, proprietary, linear project Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
    • In an Open P2P non- linear project Source: http://futurist.se/gldt/
    • What is Open P2P Design? Open tools + Open process = Enabling Open Systems --> a proposal for a design methodology Designers become then Enablers, Facilitators... of distributed creativity
    • What does Open P2P Design do? an open design process + a collaborative activity self-organized by a community = an open metadesign / service design project
    • What we design with Open P2P Design? * not the community itself and its complexity (social network) * but first the platform (artifacts, rules, roles): all the elements that once shared enable then the emergence of a: * collaborative activity (and then the emergence and self- organization of the community)
    • First the platform, then the collaborative activity The platform is: * dynamic and shared in the social network * what we can easily design before actually co-designing * necessary in the design process, where it's developed further
    • Design and collaborative activities A collaborative activity: * can be designed as a service design project * should be co-designed with users (community) * it's a complex project, so we need complex processes (like open p2p ones) * we should let it evolve and let the community modify it Daniela Sangiorgi, Service Design + Activity Theory http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/static/5007/despdf/Daniela.pdf
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software = processes + licenses + tools + roles + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Reputation Levels * License
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Activity Theory = framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Community Activity Analysis
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Service Design (+ Activity Theory) = design tools + framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * System Map
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Service Design (+ Activity Theory) = design tools + framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Offering Map
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Service Design (+ Activity Theory) = design tools + framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Service Blueprint
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Service Design (+ Activity Theory) = design tools + framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Motivation Matrix
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Service Design (+ Activity Theory) = design tools + framework for the analysis of a collaborative activity + ... Open P2P Design source code: * Storyboard
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Action Planning = Participation Matrix (metadesign tool) + ... Nabeel Hamdi, Reinhard Goethert Open P2P Design source code: “Action planning for cities : a guide to community * Participation Matrix practice”
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Social Network Analysis = tools + framework for the analysis of a community + … Open P2P Design source code: * Social Network Analysis
    • What about the process of Open P2P Design? * analysis of the existing community, activity and platform * concept design of a collaborative activity * distribution/sharing/discussion of the concept * parallel and iterative co-design of the collaborative activity and building of the platform * self-organization --> shaped by knowledge, reputation and participation
    • What about the process of Open P2P Design?
    • Why Open P2P Design? * mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers --> designers become enablers of distributed creativity
    • Why Open P2P Design? * it's about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is an example) --> designers can find a role even outside design projects
    • Why Open P2P Design? * communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities --> a designer becomes an enabler of innovation and change
    • Why Open P2P Design, then? * because open collaborative projects can be more than just choosing a license! * because the best way to reach a new promising scenario is designing it! * because we can do more in order to enable systems of distributed creativity that can solve complex problems!
    • 03. Why Open P2P Design for Open Design projects?
    • Where should we use Open P2P Design? * works well where there are active participants * within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes --> Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one --> Open Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * for community-based services / businesses * for Open Design projects
    • What is Open Design? a project published with a license that facilitates its sharing and that can be “compiled” or “manufactured” locally * sharing * collaboration * open licenses * code --> artifact Open Design refers to every kind of design projects that can be shared in a digital format over a network
    • What kind of open design projects? Open Web Design repositories: http://www.openwebdesign.org/ http://www.oswd.org/ http://osdnetwork.org/ http://www.opendesigns.org/ And all the open source software themes, templates, Frameworks, libraries... It's Open Web Design! GPL, LGPL, CC, ...
    • What kind of open design projects? Open Fonts libraries: http://www.theleagueofmoveabletype.com/ http://openfontlibrary.fontly.org/ http://openfontlibrary.org/ http://www.typeforge.net (Free as in Free Beer, and sometimes Free Speech) http://www.fontsquirrel.com/ It's Open Font Design! http://scripts.sil.org/OFL
    • What kind of open design projects? Open Processing sketches repository: http://www.openprocessing.org/ ... And all the projects that uses Arduino or Processing and are released under an open license: http://harkopen.com/projects ... It's Open Interaction Design! GPL, LGPL, CC, ...
    • What kind of open design projects? Open Architecture for markets: http://architecture.mit.edu/house_n/projects.html http://www.openprototype.com Open Architecture for Humanity http://openarchitecturenetwork.org/ http://os-house.org/ http://www.solaroof.org/ It's Open Architecture! CC, ...
    • What kind of open design projects? Open Cinema / Open Movie: http://www.elephantsdream.org/ http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/ http://durian.blender.org/ http://www.thecosmonaut.org/ http://thisoneisonus.org/ ... It's Open Movie Design! ...and also Open Game Design! CC
    • Open Design: Ronen Kadushin http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp Open Design from a single Designer
    • Open Design: OpenMoko http://www.openmoko.com / http://www.openmoko.org Source: http://www.openmoko.com Open Design from an enterprise
    • Open Design: OpenMoko http://www.openmoko.com / http://www.openmoko.org Source: http://www.openmoko.com It's also Open Source Software!
    • Open Design: OpenMoko http://www.openmoko.com / http://www.openmoko.org It's even Open Source: http://www.openmoko.com Hardware!
    • Open Design: Bug Labs http://www.buglabs.net/ It's Open Design, It's Open Design! Source http://www.buglabs.net/ ...and a Meta- Hardware, Software product
    • Open Design: Bug Labs http://www.buglabs.net/ Source: http://www.buglabs.net/ It's Open Design, It's Open Design! ...and a Meta- Hardware, Software product
    • Open Design: Bug Labs http://www.buglabs.net/ Source: http://www.buglabs.net/ It's Open Design, It's Open Design! ...and a Meta- Hardware, Software product
    • So Open Design is... * a lot of different kind of projects * in its first steps * starting from, using and including Open Source Software / Open Hardware * working well when project and artifact are code/digital * still developing tools, business models, processes and systems when the artifact is a physical good * limited to share a finished project rather than designing it collaboratively right now
    • What is Open Design, for rival goods? a distributed system of design & manufacturing based on: * sharing * collaboration * open licenses * open and distributed projects * open and distributed manufacturing technologies A system of agents that: * use * distribute * design * manage the * manufacture end-of-life * market * ...
    • Current approach to Open Design projects * very few single designers initiatives and designers interested * recent communities (very few succesful ones) * enterprises, hackers more interested in the hardware * fabbing technologies developed by hackers --> let people design a project and then just publish it online --> lack of new tools, processes, systems that enable designers and users in developing open design projects Is it just publishing a file online?
    • What we can still do for Open Design projects is Metadesign Metadesign is the design of the design tools, processes and systems * research and share design knowledge * design and share design tools * design and share design processes * facilitate design & manufacturing & end-of-life systems * facilitate the distributed creativity For communities For users For enterprises For designers
    • Open Design actually is Metadesign * a community is designing, not just a single designer * the process is open, and therefore out of control * the process ideally never stops --> We need Metadesign within single Open Design projects --> We need Metadesign for making Open Design possible Shift of focus: from Product Design to Metadesign
    • Three Layers of Metadesign * Metadesign of Collaborative Activities: co-design a collaborative activity that will actually design the goal * Metadesign of Collaborative Activities that design tools: co-design a collaborative activity that will actually design the tools and processes for other Open Projects * Metadesign of Collaborative Activities that design the Metadesign process: co-design a collaborative activity that will actually redesign the Metadesign process itself (1) for Open (2) for tools for Projects Open Processes (3) for rededesigning itself
    • Sourcemap as an Open Source Metadesign example * sharing supply chains * open source * API --> Research --> Visualize --> Share --> Design Source: http://www.sourcemap.org/ For Open Design we need Metadesign initiatives
    • Open Hardware / Fabbing as a Metadesign example * Hardware (Arduino, ...) * Fabbing (RepRap, ...) --> Ecosystem --> Reuse/Remix --> Share --> Design Source: http://www.reprap.org For Open Design we need Metadesign initiatives
    • 04. The openp2pdesign.org strategic project
    • How do we design such Metadesign projects? --> Open P2P Design How do we offer them in a Strategic Design project? --> openp2pdesign.org
    • Make Magazine as Metadesign and Strategic Design example * Make Magazine * Maker Faire * “Makers” Book * Make: television * Make Controller Kit * Craft Magazine --> Tools, Knowledge, and Systems for DIY --> Metadesign projects offered within a whole Strategic Design project For Open Design we need Strategic Design and Metadesign initiatives
    • What is openp2pdesign.org? It's the Strategic Design project that offers Open P2P Design Metadesign projects It's not a startup (yet) but an hub in the Open Design network So far: Next: 1 master degree thesis 3 books 1 paper 1 keynote speech 1 book 3 workshops 4 workshops 1 Open Everything event (?) 1-2 open source softwares (?) A larger network
    • openp2pdesign.org : design knowledge Book 00: openp2pdesign.org_1.1 An introduction to Open P2P Design and openp2pdesign.org Spreading knowledge about Open P2P Design
    • openp2pdesign.org : design knowledge (next projects) Book 01: Open Source tools for Open Design Projects * Free/Open Source Softwares for Design * Free/Open Source File Formats for Design * Web-based services for Design * ... Spreading knowledge about Tools
    • openp2pdesign.org : design knowledge (next projects) Book 02: Strategic Design and Metadesign for Open Design Projects * Past and Present of Open Design * The Distributed Manufacturing Scenario * Metadesign guide for Open Design projects * ... Spreading knowledge about Processes for Open Design projects
    • openp2pdesign.org : design knowledge (next projects) Book 03: Open P2P Design: Metadesign for Complex Projects * Open P2P Design * Design & Complexity * Metadesign guide for Collaborative Activities * ... Spreading knowledge about Processes for open collaborative activities
    • openp2pdesign.org : a proposal for a project Software(s): Collaborative Design tools * Version Control System for Open Design projects + * Web-based Open Design Forge for Open Design projects Needs: * Open Source * Multiplatform * Open file formats A tool that visualizes: * Scripting/API * processes * resources * networks * interactions * history * reputation
    • openp2pdesign.org : not just a blog, but a network * it has always been intended as the start for a collective effort * publishing house? * community/social network? * design agency? *… * Design and Open P2P / Complexity / Locality / Sustainability * an Open P2P community and Open P2P Design as its first source code Do you want to join us? Do you have any advice?
    • 05. Open P2P Design and Open Design projects for the Distributed Manufacturing Scenario
    • Design for a (Distributed) Scenario Open projects seem very fascinating, but are they really going to make a change? In order to make Open (P2P) Design a truly changing and problem-solving discipline: * we need to analyze current problems * we need to define possible new scenarios that address these problems * we need to design strategic projects to reach these scenarios * we need to metadesign processes for collective and distributed action --> May an Open, P2P and Distributed Scenario be the answer?
    • Design for the current Scenario We need to recognize the scarcity of some resources: * water/food * oil/energy * materials * money We need to recognize the abundance of some resources: * knowledge/information * distributed software, hardware and omputing power --> A Scenario where design is used not to produced more objects but to valorize scarce physical resources and to share intellectual ones
    • Design for a new, Distributed Scenario Based on: * energy: distributed generation * physical goods: distributed manufacturing * financial resources: open money And we need to redefine Design and its: * identity * knowledge * social networks * roles * processes * limits/choices --> Let's redefine and use Design for enabling Distributed Systems
    • Problems and Limits of Open Projects * lack of specific tools/softwares * some hardware/services need to evolve more * we need systems of services and technologies * open alone does not mean a project will be succesful, it needs a market, businesses models and marketing initiatives * open and p2p processes are very flexible (and can be used for wrong projects too) * open and p2p dynamics still not so widely understood and accepted * need for education about open p2p concepts first (and tools and processes then) --> Let's work on these issues, in an open and p2p way!
    • Any questions or comments?
    • Thank you! Massimo Menichinelli Follow and join us! info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org twitter.com/openp2pdesign stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign