NTU Workshop: 02 What Is Open P2P Design


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My presentation for the third day at the Open P2P Design workshop organized with Roger Pitiot at IDAS in Singapore.


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NTU Workshop: 02 What Is Open P2P Design

  1. 1. Open P2P Design Enabling Design 2.0 through Open Processes, Systems, Tools and Projects Massimo Menichinelli Roger Pitiot Day 02: Introduction to November 25th-27th 2009 Open P2P Design: NTU, Singapore Platform, Tools and http://www.workshop.colab-design.org/ Process http://openp2pdesign.org
  2. 2. 01. What is Open P2P Design?
  3. 3. Where do openp2pdesign.org and Open P2P Design come from? * March 2005 * a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon) * Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.f/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php --> How can we design projects for a locality and its community? --> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
  4. 4. Designing Open Collaborative projects: Thinkcycle http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/ Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org This is... Open Design!
  5. 5. Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British Design Council) http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ This is... P2P Service Design!
  6. 6. April 2006, Master Degree Thesis: Reti Collaborative. Il design per una auto-organizzazione Open Peer-to-Peer (Collaborative Networks. Design for an Open Peer-to-Peer self-organization) Tutor: Ezio Manzini Politecnico di Milano, Faculty of Design You can download it here: http://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesign
  7. 7. What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systems A promising way to design with/for a Community and its Locality
  8. 8. Open Design is: --> Design and Open a design project (product, graphic, web, interaction ) for a community Open P2P Design: --> Co-Design and Enabling of a Collaborative Activity with/for a community We use Open and P2P processes to co-design Open and P2P organizational forms
  9. 9. A Collaborative Activity is: * an activity * done through collaboration * not a product! But rather a service * it can be anything, from writing an encyclopedia to making beer to Design! Open Design is a Collaborative Activity!
  10. 10. Where should we use Open P2P Design? * works well where there are active participants * within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes --> Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one --> Open Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * for community-based services / businesses * for Open Design projects
  11. 11. Why Open P2P Design? * mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers --> designers become enablers of distributed creativity
  12. 12. Why Open P2P Design? * it's about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is an example) --> designers can fnd a role even outside design projects
  13. 13. Why Open P2P Design? * communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities --> a designer becomes an enabler of innovation and change
  14. 14. What does Open P2P Design do? an open design process + a collaborative activity self-organized by a community But we are going to use it in an easier way: * we already know the design activity * we don't really need to co-design it * but we can organize it anyway We won't use for Co-design It's easier! :-) but for Metadesign
  15. 15. What we design with Open P2P Design? * not the community itself and its complexity (social network) * but frst the platform (artifacts, rules, roles): all the elements that once shared enable then the emergence of a: * collaborative activity (and then the emergence and self- organization of the community)
  16. 16. First the platform, then the collaborative activity The platform is: * dynamic and shared in the social network * what we can easily design before actually co-designing * necessary in the design process, where it's developed further
  17. 17. 02. What is the Source code of Open P2P Design?
  18. 18. Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software + Activity Theory + Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + Action Planning + Social Network Analysis + ...
  19. 19. What is the Source Code of Open P2P Design? ( Community Activity Analysis + Social Network Analysis + ) Open Design Activity Analysis + Participation Matrix + System Map + Ofering Map + Motivation Matrix + Blueprint + Storyboard + ...
  20. 20. What we are going to do today? Participation Matrix + Community Analysis redesign + System Map + Motivation Matrix +
  21. 21. 01. What about the process of Open P2P Design? * analysis of the existing community, activity and platform * concept design of a collaborative activity * distribution/sharing/discussion of the concept * parallel and iterative co-design of the collaborative activity and building of the platform * self-organization --> shaped by knowledge, reputation and participation
  22. 22. 01. What about the process of Open P2P Design?
  23. 23. 02. Let's describe briefy the Open Design activity, starting from the Community Analysis! Some questions about it: * subject (the community) * object (of the activity) * rules * roles (division of labour) * artifacts (material, immaterial, cognitive) * larger community (with which interacts) * participation: * top-down * bottom-up * marketplace * reputation levels In order to understand how the open design activity will work
  24. 24. 03. System Map http://www.mepss.nl/index.php?p=tool&l4=W21 The System Map is very useful to visualize and design interactions and fows between people. Its elements are: * material fows * information fows * fnancial fows * roles * border of the system For designing interactions as fows
  25. 25. 03. System Map
  26. 26. 04. Ofering Map http://www.mepss.nl/index.php?p=tool&l4=W23 http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/38 The map that shows the whole structure of the Open Design Activity: * Activity * Actions * Operations In order to visualize the design activity
  27. 27. 04. Ofering Map
  28. 28. 05. Motivation Matrix http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/20 The Motivation Matrix is useful for analysing and visualizing motivations and the interactions between the roles of the Open Design activity In order to understand interactions as motivations Source: http://www.sustainable-everyday.net/lolacases/
  29. 29. 05. Motivation Matrix
  30. 30. 06. Blueprint of the Open Design activity http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/35 The Blueprint is useful to visualize and design processes and details of the Open Design activity only if we have a place where participants actually meet to do it. It's useful when it's happening within an organization (Enterprise, Public Administration, ...) * actions of the roles inside and outside * users, front ofce, back ofce, support processes * time In order to design interactions in time
  31. 31. 06. Blueprint of the Open Design activity
  32. 32. 07. Storyboard http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storyboard http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/13 Storyboards are graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence, including website interactivity. In order to visualize the interactions as a story
  33. 33. 07. Storyboard Source: http://www.fickr.com/photos/ninga/473316247/
  34. 34. What we are going to do today? Participation Matrix + Community Analysis redesign + System Map + Motivation Matrix +
  35. 35. Any questions or comments?
  36. 36. Thank you! Massimo Menichinelli Follow and join us! info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org twitter.com/openp2pdesign stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign