Vocational education and training in inclusive society; needs for teacher and special teacher education Second International Online Conference “Innovation in Training Practice 10.11.2009 Kaija Miettinen Finland
People's life chances are maximised. They have access to the services and facilities they need. The needs of specific groups such as disabled people, black and minority ethnic communities, older people, children and young people and faith groups are met. Their voices are heard in the democratic process. People have a sense of “belonging ” to the community, they interact with others in the community, are able to use community resources and are in touch with networks within the community.
Towards inclusion in Finland 1900 - Hearing, visual and motor impairments Mentally handicapped Integration 1840- 1940 - 1990 - 2000- Special schools for disabled The education of invalids from war ☺ ☺ Inclusion November 10, 2009 [email_address] From charity to the right to get education From medical approach to special education From special education to good education for all
Inclusion in education system? November 10, 2009 [email_address] Special education is possible 50 % 40 % 10 % Pre-school education (1 year) Basic Education (9 years) Upper secondary Education (3 years) Vocational Education (3 years) Universities Polytechnics Work Preparatory education, workshops, rehabilitation . work etc.
Needs for teacher in vocational education and training
Understanding of diversity of students
Knowing cultural backgrounds of students
Knowing learning disabilites of students
Using many ways in teaching
Supporting the students in learning
Utilizing other experts
Using special educational methods
Key factors in special education Flexibility Support Personal guidence Learning by doing Individuality On-the-job learning Health services Tertiary sector Attitudes Group dynamic Workplaces Leisure time, hobbies Social services