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Wind Energy in New York State:
 Opportunities & Challenges
             Presented by Allison Finley for
 The 12th Annual N...
This presentation is an amended version of
   the workshop that was presented to the
   12th Annual North Country Sustaina...
Presentation Overview
 Part I: About Noble
 Part II: Opportunities, Benefits and
 Challenges of Windpark Development in
 N...
Part I:
    Who is Noble
Environmental Power?
Who is Noble Environmental Power?

 Noble is a leading renewable energy company committed
 to creating environmentally fri...
Where Does Noble
Have Windparks?
Siting Considerations
  Wind Resource Assessment

  Access to Transmission

  Land Use

  Environmental Assessment

  Prel...
New York’s Electrical System
10,775 miles of High Voltage
Transmission                                                    ...
Noble plans to own and operate its facilities.
We are investing in a long relationship and
      want to be excellent neig...
Part II:
Opportunities, Benefits
   & Challenges -
  Wind Energy in
  New York State
The Benefits of Wind Energy:

 Good for our Energy Future

 Good for the Environment

 Good for the Local Economy
Good for our Energy Future:
Challenges in New York, the Answer is Blowin’ in the Wind

                   Clean, Plentiful...
Good for our Energy Future:
Clean, Plentiful, Renewable Energy
 NY State has adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard
 (RPS)...
Good for our Energy Future:
Diversified Power Generation Sources
Good for our Energy Future:
We Need New Generation Capacity
 Demand for energy increases every year

 Supply isn’t keeping...
Breaking Records:
           New York Peak Load 1997-2006
35,000
34,000
33,000
32,000
31,000
30,000
29,000
28,000
27,000
2...
HENRY HUB NATURAL GAS PRICE WEEKLY DATA

      ($/MMBTU)
$14
                                                             ...
Baseload, Intermittent, and Peak Generation
             vs. 24-hour Demand Curve

     Demand                            ...
Good for our Energy Future:
Energy Security in Uncertain Times
  “Home-grown” energy

  Decreases reliance on non-renewabl...
Good for the Environment

       Zero Air and Water Emissions,
       Zero Hazardous Waste

       Minimally Impacts Wildl...
Good for the Environment:
Zero Air and Water Emissions,
Zero Hazardous Waste
 Burning fossil fuels to make electricity rel...
Good for the Environment:
Windparks Minimally Impact
Wildlife, Natural Habitat
  Wildlife needs clean air and water, too!
...
Good for the Local Economy
 Creates Jobs

 Helps to Stabilize Electricity Costs
 State Wide

  Promising Job Future
Good for the Local Economy:
A 100 MW Windpark Creates Jobs, Tax Revenue
  Hundreds of short term jobs during construction ...
GE orders propel
port activity
By Eric Anderson,
Deputy business editor
Albany Times Union -
Wednesday, April 26, 2006
Wor...
Good for the Local Economy:
Stabilizes Local Electricity Costs
  Price of electricity from most sources is affected by fue...
Good for the Future: A Promising Job Future
For The Next Generation of Rural New
Yorkers

  An emerging market for permane...
Part III. Myths and Facts
 Property values
 Wind energy is expensive
 Birds / wildlife
 Noise
 Reliability
 Infrasound
 El...
Myth:

“Wind turbines lower
 property values.”
FACT: Multiple
studies have shown
that wind turbines do
not cause a decline in
property values.
If anything, the studies
i...
Myth:

“Wind energy
 is expensive.”
Don’t let anyone tell you that wind
energy is expensive!
      Today, wind is one of the least
      expensive options for...
Myth:

 “Wind turbines pose a
threat to wildlife such as
    birds and bats.”
FACT: The top three killers of birds in the United States are:

                    #1 –Buildings/windows (5,500 per 10,00...
Myth:

“Wind turbines
  are noisy.”
FACT: Modern wind turbines
are very quiet – and the GE 1.5
megawatt turbines that Noble
plans to use in New York are one
o...
Myth:

“Wind energy
 isn’t reliable.”
FACT: Wind energy is
intermittent, but that doesn’t
mean it’s unreliable.
Wind energy is actually quite
predictable, and s...
Myth:
“Wind turbines produce
 ‘infrasound’ which has
   negative impacts on
     human health.”
FACT: Everything emits
infrasound (even you!), but
scientists agree that the levels of
infrasound from wind turbines
are s...
Myth:

“Wind turbines cause
  ‘shadow flicker’,
    an annoying
 strobe-like effect.”
FACT: Wind turbines may cast
moving shadows under the right
conditions, but proper siting
can minimize or eliminate any
po...
Allison Finley
       Community Outreach, Public Affais

                Office: 518.497.3414
              Mobile: 518.53...
Wind Energy in New York State: Opportunities & Challenges
Wind Energy in New York State: Opportunities & Challenges
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Wind Energy in New York State: Opportunities & Challenges

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This presentation is an amended version of
the workshop that was presented to the
12th Annual North Country Sustainable
Energy Fair on Saturday April 28, 2007.
For more information please visit us on the
web at www.noblepower.com or write to
us at info@noblepower.com

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Transcript of "Wind Energy in New York State: Opportunities & Challenges"

  1. 1. Wind Energy in New York State: Opportunities & Challenges Presented by Allison Finley for The 12th Annual North Country Sustainable Energy Fair, Canton, NY April 28, 2007
  2. 2. This presentation is an amended version of the workshop that was presented to the 12th Annual North Country Sustainable Energy Fair on Saturday April 28, 2007. For more information please visit us on the web at www.noblepower.com or write to us at info@noblepower.com
  3. 3. Presentation Overview Part I: About Noble Part II: Opportunities, Benefits and Challenges of Windpark Development in New York State Part III: Myths and Facts
  4. 4. Part I: Who is Noble Environmental Power?
  5. 5. Who is Noble Environmental Power? Noble is a leading renewable energy company committed to creating environmentally friendly facilities in partnership with local communities. Noble is majority-owned by J.P. Morgan Partners Fund Noble was formed in 2004 in response to public policy initiatives Headquartered in Essex, CT, Noble has regional offices across NYS Noble currently employs about 100 people
  6. 6. Where Does Noble Have Windparks?
  7. 7. Siting Considerations Wind Resource Assessment Access to Transmission Land Use Environmental Assessment Preliminary Site Design
  8. 8. New York’s Electrical System 10,775 miles of High Voltage Transmission Chateauguay New York State 360+ individual generating units. Willis Moses Transmission System Massena (230 kV and above) Installed Capacity 35,000+ MW Plattsburgh Adirondack Oswego Complex Somerset Marcy Rotterdam Niagara Sta.80 New Scotland Edic Pannell Clay Porter Alps Huntley Stolle Rd. Lafayette Gilboa Leeds Meyer Dunkirk Watercure Fraser Oakdale Hillside Coopers Pleasant Corners Valley Roseton Rock Buc hanan T avern Millwood Legend: Homer City Ramapo 765 kV Sprainbrook 500 kV Dunwoodie W49St /Rainey 345 kV Shore Rd. Farragut 230 kV E.Garden City G oethals Source: NYISO 2004 Electricity Markets Overview Presentation
  9. 9. Noble plans to own and operate its facilities. We are investing in a long relationship and want to be excellent neighbors.
  10. 10. Part II: Opportunities, Benefits & Challenges - Wind Energy in New York State
  11. 11. The Benefits of Wind Energy: Good for our Energy Future Good for the Environment Good for the Local Economy
  12. 12. Good for our Energy Future: Challenges in New York, the Answer is Blowin’ in the Wind Clean, Plentiful, Renewable Energy Diversified Power Generation Sources Price of Electricity from Wind We Need More Generation Capacity Energy Security in Uncertain Times
  13. 13. Good for our Energy Future: Clean, Plentiful, Renewable Energy NY State has adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS): Requires 25% of energy to come from renewable sources by 2013 Currently, NY’s energy mix contains 19% energy from renewable sources Wind energy has potential to provide 10% of New York State’s energy
  14. 14. Good for our Energy Future: Diversified Power Generation Sources
  15. 15. Good for our Energy Future: We Need New Generation Capacity Demand for energy increases every year Supply isn’t keeping up with demand Some additional capacity is being added to the New York grid here and there, but it’s not enough The only new power plants being built run on natural gas – the most expensive fuel there is! Noble plans to add 385 MW of wind power to the New York grid in 2007, and 380 MW in 2008
  16. 16. Breaking Records: New York Peak Load 1997-2006 35,000 34,000 33,000 32,000 31,000 30,000 29,000 28,000 27,000 26,000 July 15, July 6, Aug 9, July 26, July 17, Aug 1, Aug 2, 1997 1999 2001 2005 2006 2006 2006
  17. 17. HENRY HUB NATURAL GAS PRICE WEEKLY DATA ($/MMBTU) $14 Declining production for six quarters Coldest Nov/Dec on $12 Record/S.T. Demand > Hurricane S.T. Supply Katrina Massive Cold Front and $10 Well Freeze Off January Hurricane $8 March 1993 1996 Early Winter Ivan Blizzard Blizzard 1996/97 Technical $6 Factors Hurricane January 1994 Andrew Blizzard Hurricane $4 Georges $2 Excess Storage and Mild Winter Mild Winter Hurricane Opal Hurricane D $0 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Source: NGW and EVA, Inc. Chronological Highlights by Graph Data Source: Jim Lazar, Consulting Economist NGW and EVA, Inc. The Regulatory Assistance Project
  18. 18. Baseload, Intermittent, and Peak Generation vs. 24-hour Demand Curve Demand Peak Combustion Turbine Gas Intermittent Generation (Hydro, Wind) Steam Turbine Coal, Oil, Natural Gas Baseload Nuclear 12:00 12:00 12:00 midnight noon midnight
  19. 19. Good for our Energy Future: Energy Security in Uncertain Times “Home-grown” energy Decreases reliance on non-renewable supplies from unstable parts of the world President Bush calls for 20% of national energy to come from wind (Advanced Energy Initiative, Feb. 2006)
  20. 20. Good for the Environment Zero Air and Water Emissions, Zero Hazardous Waste Minimally Impacts Wildlife, Natural Habitat
  21. 21. Good for the Environment: Zero Air and Water Emissions, Zero Hazardous Waste Burning fossil fuels to make electricity releases toxins into our air and water: Carbon dioxide (CO2) – global warming Sulfur dioxide (SO2) – acid rain Nitrous oxides (NOX) – smog Mercury and lead – impair neurological development Nuclear power is emission free, but creates radioactive waste
  22. 22. Good for the Environment: Windparks Minimally Impact Wildlife, Natural Habitat Wildlife needs clean air and water, too! No build-up of toxic mercury in environment and biological food chain, i.e. fish Preserves open space, providing more habitat Responsibly sited windparks do not pose a threat to avian and bat species
  23. 23. Good for the Local Economy Creates Jobs Helps to Stabilize Electricity Costs State Wide Promising Job Future
  24. 24. Good for the Local Economy: A 100 MW Windpark Creates Jobs, Tax Revenue Hundreds of short term jobs during construction phase, several permanent jobs once operational Wind parks create 27% more jobs per kilowatt hour than coal and natural gas plants Payments to host communities can be used to reduce local taxes, improve schools, services, infrastructure Lease payments to participating land owners are also significant source of income Over 20 years, the economic impact of Noble’s three 2006 North Country windparks is estimated to be $360,000,000
  25. 25. GE orders propel port activity By Eric Anderson, Deputy business editor Albany Times Union - Wednesday, April 26, 2006 Work at Albany docks is picking up as wind turbine blades, sugar pass through.
  26. 26. Good for the Local Economy: Stabilizes Local Electricity Costs Price of electricity from most sources is affected by fuel prices (esp. natural gas) – but not wind! Most fossil-fuel based generators won’t enter into long-term (> 3 year) contracts, and even then, they may require a “fuel price adder” as protection against rising fuel prices Wind generators are generally happy to sign 10 or 15 year contracts improves stability of electricity prices GE Energy Study – Noble’s seven New York windparks will save ratepayers $40,000,000 annually in electricity prices Buying coal, oil, and gas sends New York dollars out of state -- wind projects keep energy dollars in state
  27. 27. Good for the Future: A Promising Job Future For The Next Generation of Rural New Yorkers An emerging market for permanent operations and maintenance jobs New opportunities for college degrees: SUNY Canton Alternative and Renewable Energy Applications degree program Good for rural economic development and homegrown industry jobs, reinvigorating rural NYS
  28. 28. Part III. Myths and Facts Property values Wind energy is expensive Birds / wildlife Noise Reliability Infrasound Electromagnetic interference (EMI) Shadow Flicker
  29. 29. Myth: “Wind turbines lower property values.”
  30. 30. FACT: Multiple studies have shown that wind turbines do not cause a decline in property values. If anything, the studies indicate that property values may increase slightly – most likely because of lowered taxes and improved local services.
  31. 31. Myth: “Wind energy is expensive.”
  32. 32. Don’t let anyone tell you that wind energy is expensive! Today, wind is one of the least expensive options for new sources of electric generation. (…and that’s without even factoring in the cost of the environmental impacts from other generation sources…) Comparing the price of electricity from a new windpark to the price of electricity from a 30 year-old coal plant is meaningless – you have to compare apples to apples.
  33. 33. Myth: “Wind turbines pose a threat to wildlife such as birds and bats.”
  34. 34. FACT: The top three killers of birds in the United States are: #1 –Buildings/windows (5,500 per 10,000 deaths) #2 – Housecats (1,000 per 10,000). Some estimates say cats kill up to a billion birds per year in the U.S. #3 – high tension lines, vehicles (1,500 per 10,000) …and wind turbines? On average, about 1.2 birds per turbine, per year…not biologically significant. The National and New York Audubon Societies and the American Bird Conservancy, along with numerous other environmental groups, all support wind power.
  35. 35. Myth: “Wind turbines are noisy.”
  36. 36. FACT: Modern wind turbines are very quiet – and the GE 1.5 megawatt turbines that Noble plans to use in New York are one of the quietest turbines made. A commonly used reference is that at a distance of 750 to 1000 ft., a modern wind turbine is no noisier than a kitchen refrigerator or a moderately quiet room. In high-wind conditions, the sound of the wind will be far louder than any sound from the turbine.
  37. 37. Myth: “Wind energy isn’t reliable.”
  38. 38. FACT: Wind energy is intermittent, but that doesn’t mean it’s unreliable. Wind energy is actually quite predictable, and studies have shown that New York State could easily get 10% or more of its electricity from wind energy without having any negative impact on the grid. Wind turbines have been in commercial operation around the world for up to twenty years, and wind energy has proven to be highly reliable and predictable.
  39. 39. Myth: “Wind turbines produce ‘infrasound’ which has negative impacts on human health.”
  40. 40. FACT: Everything emits infrasound (even you!), but scientists agree that the levels of infrasound from wind turbines are so low that they do not affect anyone’s health. There are approximately 60,000 wind turbines in operation around the world – some of which have been producing clean energy for twenty years! – and there is absolutely no documented evidence of negative health effects resulting from the operation of wind turbines.
  41. 41. Myth: “Wind turbines cause ‘shadow flicker’, an annoying strobe-like effect.”
  42. 42. FACT: Wind turbines may cast moving shadows under the right conditions, but proper siting can minimize or eliminate any potential impacts. Complex computer programs are used to indicate where and when shadowing could occur, so any potential problems can be identified – and mitigated – before the windpark is developed.
  43. 43. Allison Finley Community Outreach, Public Affais Office: 518.497.3414 Mobile: 518.534.1439 Fax: 518.497.3421 Email: Finleya@noblepower.com Noble Environmental Power, LLC 8 Railroad Avenue Essex, CT 06426 | info@noblepower.com www.noblepower.com
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