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Turning Point Complete Streets 10/18/2012


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Turning Point Complete Streets 10/18/2012

  1. 1. How to make your communitycomplete with Complete Streets Oklahoma Turning Point Council October 18, 2012 James Wagner, AICP
  2. 2. Who is INCOG? A Council of Governments (COG) is a voluntary regional association of local governments, led by local elected officials, formed to promote intergovernmental communication and cooperation.
  3. 3. COGs in OklahomaCimarron Texas OEDA Harper Woods Grant Kay Nowata Ottawa Beaver Alfalfa Craig Washington Osage GGEDA Woodward NODA Noble Delaware Garfield Rogers Major Pawnee Mayes Ellis INCOG Tulsa Payne Dewey Creek Kingfisher Wagoner Logan Blaine COEDD Cherokee Adair Roger Mills Custer Lincoln EODD Canadian ACOG Okmulgee Muskogee Oklahoma Sequoyah Okfuskee Washita McIntosh Beckham SWODA ClevelandPottawatomie Haskell Caddo Seminole Grady Hughes Greer McClain Kiowa Pittsburg Le Flore Harmon ASCOG Latimer Garvin Pontotoc Comanche Jackson Coal KEDDO Stephens Murray Tillman Pushmataha Cotton SODA Atoka Johnston Carter Jefferson McCurtain Marshall Choctaw Love Bryan
  4. 4. Introduction to Complete StreetsSafe access for all users: pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit usersRoutine Design of these elementsContext Sensitive design means different approaches for different land use types
  5. 5. A “complete street” accommodates many uses and provides forall purposes of a street:  Mobility (pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, transit users)  Access to destinations  Thriving businesses  Aesthetics
  6. 6. Incomplete Streets are UnsafeMore than 40% ofpedestrian deaths in2007 and 2008 occurredwhere no crosswalk wasavailable. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Fatality Reporting System
  7. 7. Current ConditionsOne quarter ofwalking tripstake on placeon roads withoutsidewalks orshoulders.Bike lanes areavailable foronly about 5% ofof bicycle trips.
  8. 8. Current ConditionsNo sidewalks… 8
  9. 9. Current ConditionsNo sidewalks… 9
  10. 10. Current ConditionsSidewalk Squeezed in (40mph speed limit) 10
  11. 11. Streets Are InadequateToo dangerous to cross on foot.. 11
  12. 12. Current ConditionsInaccessible for wheelchair users… 12
  13. 13. Streets Are InadequateThere’s no room for people
  14. 14. <- 1 mile square -> <- 1 mile square -> 3 left turns! Connected Streets – Pre WWII Lollipop pattern (1960s- TodayConnectivity creates a walkable street system by: Reducing walking distances; Offering more route choices on quiet local streets; Dispersing traffic – reducing reliance on arterials for all trips
  15. 15. High Connectivity Travel Lanes RequiredModerate Connectivity Low Connectivity
  16. 16. Designing for Pedestrian Safety - 1-16 Introduction
  17. 17. Designing for Pedestrian Safety - 1-17 Introduction
  18. 18. Drainage ditch separateapartments from Wal-Mart Wal-Mart
  19. 19. Narrow lanes; add bike lanes, median, trees, texture
  20. 20. Bring in buildings that face the street
  21. 21. More buildings: Infill
  22. 22. The street now has life and is safer for pedestrians
  23. 23. Benefits: Capacity 25
  24. 24. Benefits: Capacity 26
  25. 25. Benefits: Capacity 27
  26. 26. Benefits: Capacity 28
  27. 27. 1. Which road carries more traffic?2. Which road produces the higher speed? • With a 4-lane road a fast driver can pass others • With a 2-lane road the slower driver sets the speed3. Which road produces the higher crash rate?4. Which is better for bicyclists, pedestrians, businesses? San Antonio TX
  28. 28. Road Diet Orlando FLDesigning for PedestrianSafety – Road Diets
  29. 29. Before Reclaiming road space creates room for ped islands Charlotte NC
  30. 30. After Before Reclaiming road space creates room for ped islands
  31. 31. This 5-lane Main Street was converted to… Pottstown PA
  32. 32. Name 4 things that changedFewer travel lanes; added bike lanes; parallel to back-in diagonal parking onone side; new pavement Pottstown PA
  33. 33. There’s potential on one-way streets too: Is this street operating at capacity?
  34. 34. Example of one way street converted from 3 lanes to 2 lanes (plus 2 bike lanes) Sacramento CA
  35. 35. Bike Lanes
  36. 36. Conventional Bike Lane
  37. 37. Buffered Bike Lanes
  38. 38. 12th Street and 7th Street Muskogee, OK On streetOn street Travel Lane Travel Lane parking (8’)parking (8’) (11’) (11’) Bike LaneBike Lane (6’)(6’)
  39. 39. 4th Place Yale to Sheridan Tulsa, OK
  40. 40. 4th Place – Yale to Sheridan, Tulsa, OKCurrent conditions New design
  41. 41. Bike Lanes
  42. 42. Cycle Tracks
  43. 43. Better Visibility – Curb Extensions
  44. 44. Pedestrians wait where they can see, in front of parked cars Curb ext. places pedestrian where he can see and be seen
  45. 45. Before: high speed right-turns
  46. 46. After: slow speed right-turnsCurb extension and new corner radius must be designedtogether
  47. 47. Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon (HAWK)
  48. 48. Hybrid Beacon Sequence 1 4 Blank for Steady drivers red 2 5 Flashing Wig-Wag yellow 3 Return to 1 Steady yellow2009Designing for Pedestrian MUTCD Safety – CrossingSection 4F.3 Countermeasures
  49. 49. R1-6 R1-6a MUTCD signs Yield or Stop depends on state lawIn-street pedestrian crossing signs
  50. 50. Federal PolicyUSDOT Policy Statement on Bicycle & PedestrianAccommodation (Announced March 15, 2010)• Every transportation agency, including DOT, has the responsibility to improve conditions and opportunities for walking and bicycling and to integrate walking and bicycling into their transportation systems.
  51. 51. Transportation Alternatives (TA) $14M/year State DOT may 50% 50% transfer this half to highway projects (opt-out provision) By Population Population Any area of the state>200K 5K – 200K <5K State Competitive Grants ODOTRegional Competitive Grants ACOG & INCOG Regional Partners – Regional Solutions
  52. 52. What can Turning Point do?• Add physical infrastructure to Okla. Certified Healthy Communities criteria• Participate in design of local public works department’s street projects• Start a Bicycle & Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC) in your community• Create a community Bicycle/Pedestrian Master Plan
  53. 53. What else can Turning Point do?• Help setup training on Complete Streets principles & design guidance• Advocate for Complete Streets Policy & Ordinances• Understand state & federal transportation funding policy & programs
  54. 54. Tulsa Metro Outside Tulsa Metro James Wagner, AICP Transportation Projects Coordinator James Wagner, AICP PrincipalIndian Nations Council of Governments (INCOG) Skyline Planning+Design (918) 640-89232 W. 2nd Street, Suite 800 Tulsa, OK 74103 (918) 579-9447