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Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
Understanding The Research Process
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Understanding The Research Process

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  1. • Aim- it is the purpose of the study. It tells us which aspect of behaviour or which mental process will be studied. • Target population- the group whose behaviour will be investigated by the researcher. • Procedure- it is the research plan. This includes the methods, which will be used for data collection and the actual behaviour that will be studied. • Findings- they are the interpretation of the data by the researcher.
  2.  Participants- people who take part in a psychological study.  Sample- it is the group of participants that a psychologist chooses for his study.  Representative Sample- it is the sample that represents the characteristics of the target population.
  3. Types of Sampling  Opportunity Sampling/Convenient Sampling- this happens when data is collected from whoever is there and agrees to participate.  Self-selected Sample- it is made up of volunteers.  Snow-ball Sample- when participants engage their friends and acquaintances as participants in he study.  Random Sample- it is defined as one in which every member of the target population has an equal chance of being selected.  Stratified Sample- a stratified sample is one which considers the diversity of the target population.
  4.  It will arise from the type of sample i.e. the gender, age group, socio-economic status.  When the findings cannot be generalized to the larger population.
  5.  Informed Consent  Confidentiality  Debriefing  Withdraw from a study  Protection from physical and mental harm
  6.  Application- it is how a theory or empirical study is used.  People often think of applications in terms of therapy, but applications can also be made in education, crime, the workplace, or sport.
  7.  Reliability- it means that the results of a particular test or experiment can be replicated.  Validity- validity of a research is whether it measures or finds what it claims it will. There are two types of validity- a)Ecological Validity- it means that the study represents what happens in real life. b) Cross-cultural Validity- the research should be valid and relevant to other cultures also. It should not be based on the values and beliefs of only one culture i.e. ethnocentric.

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