SEMINAR ON ROLE OFRESEARCH,LEADERShip AND MANAGEMENT
Nurse means to foster or cherish ; to treat of handle with care; to bring up; to train and to preserve. So the namenurse suggest attendance and service. The root meaning ofthe word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
DEFINITIONResearch may be defined as planned,systematic search for information for thepurpose of increasing the total body ofmans knowledge. It involves looking forinformation which at the time in notavailable or for which that has nogenerally accepted evidence.
ROLE OF RESEARCH IN NURSINGBuild a body of nursing knowledgeValidate improvement in nursingMake health care efficient as well as cost effective.
SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH IN NURSINGTo improve nursing careFor the Patients out comesFor the health care delivery systemThe knowledge generated through research isessential to provide a scientific basis forDescription,ExplanationPredictionTo control of nursing practices.
REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING RESEARCH IN NURSING Promote basis for infrastructure’ Development of new tools Informs public, regarding research findings Effective planning.
NEED FOR NURSING RESEARCH To develop nursing theories To discover and develop THE means of nursing actions to provide answers to guide the practioners in a decision making process to document their role as well to demonstrate the quality of care To meet the demands of the society
PURPOSES OF NURSE IN RESEARCHDiscover the new factsFinding answers to partially solved problemsImprove the existing techniquesDiscover previously unrecognized findingsDiscovering new pathway of action
ROLE OF NURSE IN RESEARCHRead and interpret the report of researchIdentifying the areas of nursing where research is neededCollaborate intelligently with researchesDiscuss with patient
MILESTONE OF NURSING RESEARCHFLORENCE NIGHTINGALENURSING RESEARCH FROM 1900 TO THE 1960’NURSING RESEARCH IN THE 1970SNURSING RESEARCH IN THE 1980S AND 1900S
LEADERSHIPThe origin of the word lead is to go. The verb tolead can be defined in several ways to guide , torun in specific direction, to direct, to be first and to open play.
DEFINITION• John Maxwell : The first step to leadership is servant hood• Jesse Jackson : leadership has a harder job to do than just choose sides , It must bring sides together
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT•LEADERS DO THE RIGHT THING AND MANAGERS DO THINGS RIGHT•LEADERS ARE CREATIVE AND RISK TAKERS; MANAGERS ARE CONCERNED WITH STATUS AND TAKING FEW RISKS•LEADERSHIP CAN BE PRACTISED BY EVERYONE.•OUR WORLD IS ENHANCED WHEN ALL MANAGERS ARE LEADERS AND ALL LEADERS ARE MANAGERS
NEED OF LEADERSHIP IN NURSINGRaise the consciousness of nurseFor team buildingFoundation block for nursing practiceIncrease in the body of knowledgeTo provide directionSupervisionInspiring the staffRole model
PERSPECTIVES ON FOLLOWERSHIPSheep“yes ” peopleAlienated followersEffective followers
COMPONENTS OF LEADERSHIP MOVEMENT L –Leader F-Followers S-Situations C- Communication G- Goals L G F C S
CONTINUUM OF LEADER BEHAVIOR Subordinates are invited to question ideas from the leaders Relationship Oriented Task Oriented freedom for authority by subordintes the leader Democratic Authoritari an Subordinates are Subordinates are told allowed to without of the leaders limits decision
ROLE OF NURSING LEADERSWiden nursing horizonsTo enhance professional knowledge and skillStrive towards professional autonomy
SKILLS THAT A NURSE SHOULD POSSESS FOR BEING AN EFFECTIVE LEADER CRITICAL THINKING DECISION MAKING PROBLEM SOLVING
LEADING A CHANGEBUILDING TEAMSPOWER , POLITICS, POLICY
TYPES OF DECISIONS Routine decisions Innovative decisions Routine decisions can be used to respond to frequently occurring, common, and reasonable wellInnovative decisions are made when the situation or problem is unusual andthe rules and guidelines do not clearly define or dictate s course of action.Nurses, from the bedside to top administration, need to make these kinds ofdecisions frequently.
PROBLEM SOLVINGProblem solving should be groupinvolving all individuals or groupsaffected by the problem. Problemscan also be viewed as opportunities tomake change and improve outcomes.Start the investigation with who, what,when, where why, and how.
NURSES LEADING CHANGEChange means to be different, tocause to be different, or to alter. Change may be personal or organizational and can occur suddenly or incrementally.
GROUP WORK Even though nurses may deliver care as individuals, they are usually part of a care giving team working in concert. Nurses usually work in diverse care giving. As the size of the group grows, group dynamics become more complex, and the opportunities for misunderstanding friction, and conflict grow. GROUP STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT• Stage 1 FORMING• Stage 2 STORMING• Stage 3 NORMING• Stage 4 PERFORMING
POWER- it’s the ability to control, dominate, ormanipulated the actions of others.Power is important in nursing because having it isnecessary to achieve goals as individual,professionals and leadersPOLITICS- power & politics are the means toachieve the health care goals in compassionateand human ways.POLICIES- these are the written directives oractions to follow to meet the identified ends andgoals.The three major parts of policy are;1.A purpose or goal2.A policy rule3.Actions to be followed to implement rule
MANAGEMENTThe “word manages “came from the word “hand”. Managing means handling things. nurses manage care for individual clients, families, and communities in hospitals, outpatient settings, clinics, health departments, home health agencies as well as in other specialized health care organizations.
DEFINITION• management is defined as the process by which a co operative group directs action towards common goals.-Joseph Massie• Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity. –George S. Patton
MANAGEMENT THEORYTIME MOTION THEORYHUMAN INTERACTION THEORYMOTIVATIONAL THEORY
QUALITIES OF A MANAGER:• Have an assigned position within formal organization• Are expected to carry out specific actions.• Manipulate individuals, the environment, money, time and other source to achieve goals.• Have a greater formal responsibility and accountability and control than leaders.• Direct willing and unwilling subordinates
FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENTPLANNINGORGANISINGSTAFFINGDIRECTINGCO-ORDINATINGREPORTINGBUDGETING
NEED OF MANAGEMENT IN NURSING:• Nurses need to be manager to manage change, resolve conflicts and making organizational goals, focus on care of patient, support of organization, profession• Management helps nurses to take decision in organization.• The role of management in nursing is to provide opportunities for managers to manage their own work and give clear directions to nursing personnel.• It provides opportunity for persons to manage their own work and give clear directions.
MANAGEMENT FOR NURSES:• TEAM BUILDER• DECISION MAKER• COMMUNICATOR• NEGOTIATOR• DELEGATOR• MENTOR
SKILLS FOR BEING AN EFFECTIVE MANAGER• PLANNING AND MARKETING FOR AHEALTHY ORGANIZATION• MANGING PATIENT QUALITY AND PATIENT SAFETY• BUDGETING• STAFFING• MAXIMIZING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE• CELEBRATES CULTURAL DIVERSITY
BUDGETINGNurses are entering into a new reality of practice that iscontrolled by costs. nurses need to keep in mind thatmoney spent in any area must be budgeted. if unbudgetedmoney is spent, if the category is over budget or over theprojected budget, then that money must be subtractedfrom another area. there is not an infinite supply ofmoney that can be spent, no matter what the reason.Keep In mind that practice makes perfect . Planning andbudgeting are learned skills.
THE NURSE MANAGER’S ROLE IN BUDGETINGToday healthcare organizations understood theimportance of nursing involvement in the budgetprocess.STAFFINGPERFORMANCE APPRAISALCULTURAL DIVERSITY
CONCLUSIONFrom the above studies, nurses must be preparedto look into the matters of research, leadershipand management. Managerial concepts areneeded by nurses at all levels, focus on how todeal with people, how to manage resources, howto lead people to attain their goals and how tomanage ones job. Research is need to change theoutlook of the nursing professions and to widenthe horizons of nursing profession.